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Cladonia perforata

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_onStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.6. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist
suitability: Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Marginal  
13. Marine Coastal/Supratidal -> 13.3. Marine Coastal/Supratidal - Coastal Sand Dunes
suitability: Suitable  
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.3. Sub-national level
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
timing: Ongoing   
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
timing: Ongoing   
6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.1. Recreational activities
timing: Ongoing   
7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
timing: Ongoing   
7. Natural system modifications -> 7.3. Other ecosystem modifications
timing: Ongoing   
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.1. Habitat shifting & alteration
timing: Future   
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.4. Storms & flooding
timing: Ongoing   

Citation: Yahr, R. (Lichen Specialist Group) 2003. Cladonia perforata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 September 2014.
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