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Pusa caspica

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_onStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.14. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.16. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.1. Harvest management
3. Species management -> 3.2. Species recovery
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.2. National level
3. Energy production & mining -> 3.1. Oil & gas drilling
timing: Ongoing   
4. Transportation & service corridors -> 4.3. Shipping lanes
timing: Ongoing   
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.2. Intentional use: (large scale)
timing: Ongoing   
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.4. Unintentional effects: (large scale)
timing: Ongoing   
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.5. Persecution/control
timing: Ongoing   
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.6. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
timing: Ongoing   
6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.3. Work & other activities
timing: Ongoing   
8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.1. Unspecified species
timing: Ongoing   
8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.2. Problematic native species
timing: Ongoing   
9. Pollution -> 9.1. Domestic & urban waste water -> 9.1.3. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
timing: Ongoing   
9. Pollution -> 9.2. Industrial & military effluents -> 9.2.1. Oil spills
timing: Ongoing   
9. Pollution -> 9.2. Industrial & military effluents -> 9.2.3. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
timing: Ongoing   
9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.4. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
timing: Ongoing   
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.1. Habitat shifting & alteration
timing: Ongoing   

Citation: Härkönen, T. (IUCN SSC Pinniped Specialist Group) 2008. Pusa caspica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2014.
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