Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica
Species Authority: Coode & Cullen
Parent Species:
Taxonomic Notes:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-05-09
Assessor(s): Gardner, M. & Knees, S.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P.
Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica  has a limited distribution in the eastern Taurus Mountains with an estimated area of occupancy of 850 km2. This is within the 2,000 km2 threshold for Vulnerable under criterion B2.  It has a single location in the Isaurian Mountains where much of the forest is in a degraded state due to a number of causes including the effects of climate change, pathogen attack and fire. It has therefore been assessed as being Vulnerable under B2ab(ii,iii,v).
1997 Not Threatened (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This taxon is endemic to southwest Turkey where it occurs in the provinces of Antalya and Konya in the Isaurian Taurus. It is estimated that this subspecies occupies ca. 25% of the total range of  Abies cilicica in Turkey and therefore the area of occupancy is estimated to be ca. 850 km2
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: May form pure stands.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Abies cilicica subsp isaurica has an altitudinal range of 1,000- 2,000 m.s.l. (Davis 1965). It can form pure forests, but it mainly occurs in mixed forests, mostly with Cedrus libani and in assocaition with Juniperus excelsa, J. oxycedrus, Populus tremula and Quercus libani. It favours calcareous substrates which are shallow, rocky and well drained.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The timber is used locally for construction.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is an increasing threat to the forests caused by over-grazing of feral goats. They are particularly destructive as they damage seedlings and young shoots and areas where they have grazed cannot easily regenerate (McGinley 2008). Fires and pathogen attacks are also serious threats. The increase of tourists is also increasing the risk of fire. There have also been reports of sudden mortality in A. cilicica subsp. isaurica (Carus 2010) and a decline in the health of forests due to increased summer temperatures and reduced precipitation that have been attributed to global warming (Ozturk pers. obs. 2010).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is protected within the Kӧprϋlϋ Canyon National Park.

Bibliography [top]

Atalay, I. and Efe R. 2010. Structural and distributional evaluation of forest ecosystems in Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 61-70.

Bozkus, F. 1988. The Natural Distribution and Silvicultural Characteristics of Abies cilicica Carr. in Turkey. PhD Thesis. Istanbul University.

Browicz, K. 1982. Chorology of trees and shrubs in south-west Asia and adjacent regions. Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsawa.

Carus, S. 2010. Pre-growth mortality of Abies cilicica trees and mortality models performance. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 363-368.

Davis, P.H., Cullen, J., Coode, M.J.E. and Hedge, I.C. 1965. Materials for the Flora of Turkey: X. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 26(2): 165-167.

Davis, P.H. (ed). 1965-1985. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Kaya, Z. and Raynal, D.J. 2001. Biodiversity and conservation of Turkish forests. Biological Conservation 97: 131-141.

Ozturk, M., Gucel, S., Kucuk, M. and Sakcali, S. 2010. Forest diversity, climate change and forest fires in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 1-9.

Citation: Gardner, M. & Knees, S. 2013. Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 March 2015.
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