Santalum album 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Santalales Santalaceae

Scientific Name: Santalum album Linn.
Common Name(s):
English Sandalwood

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A1d ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Asian Regional Workshop (Conservation & Sustainable Management of Trees, Viet Nam, August 1996)
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Regeneration is mostly vegetative by wood suckers or coppicing and is very successful in places. Viable seeds are produced after five years and dispersed by birds.
Countries occurrence:
China; India (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu); Indonesia (Lesser Sunda Is.); Philippines
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Sandalwood is a hemi-parasitic plant which is widely scattered in dry deciduous forests.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Fire, grazing and most importantly exploitation of the wood for fine furniture and carving and also oil are threatening the species. Smuggling has assumed alarming proportions.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Export of the timber is banned from India.

Classifications [top]

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

Bibliography [top]

Balakrishna, P. 1993. Annotations to WCMC printout entitled 'Unresolved India - 534 records'. Includes letter to Kerry S. Walter dated 9 Aug 1993 and annotations to list dated 21 Sep 93.

Balakrishna, P. 1993. Letter to Kerry S. Walter with corrections to Conservation Status Listing for India.

Chandrasekharan, C. (compiler) 1995. Non-wood NEWS.

Coppen, J.J.W. 1995. Flavours and Fragrances of Plant Origin. FAO, Rome.

Erfurth, T. and Rusche, H. 1976. The marketing of tropical wood. FAO, Rome.

Kostermans, A. 1990. Comments from Kostermans on a draft list of tropical timbers for Indonesia.

Monk, K.A. et al. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

U.S.D.A. 1990. Proceedings of the symposium on Sandalwood in the Pacific. April 9-11, 1990. Honolulu, Hawaii.

Wildlife Trade Monitoring Unit. 1991. Provision of data on rare and threatened tropical timber species. Cambridge: World Conservation Monitoring Centre.

Citation: Asian Regional Workshop (Conservation & Sustainable Management of Trees, Viet Nam, August 1996). 1998. Santalum album. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T31852A9665066. . Downloaded on 24 May 2018.
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