Ephedra kardangensis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra kardangensis
Species Authority: P.Sharma & P.L.Uniyal
Taxonomic Notes: This species is named after the place where it was first located, Kardang (District Lahaul) in Himachal Pradesh (Sharma et al. 2010).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-06-02
Assessor(s): Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
This species is restricted to the high elevation ranges of the western Himalayas. It has been collected recently (Sharma #0407, 2007), but very little additional information is known. A rating of Least Concern is given as there are no perceived threats, but further surveys are needed to better understand the status of the population.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Ephedra kardangensis is known from the western Himalayas (Himachal Pradesh) in India and Pakistan. Occurs between 3,000 m and 3,300 m.
Countries occurrence:
India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu-Kashmir); Pakistan
Lower elevation limit (metres):3000
Upper elevation limit (metres):3300
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size is not known.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A shrub, found on gentle slopes. Associated with pines in Kardang (District Lahaul) in the northwest Himalayas. Flowering from July to August and producing seeds from August to September (Sharma et al. 2010).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system.The fruit is eaten and the stems are depurative and diuretic. Plants have also been used for ground cover (Plants for a Future 2010)

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are numerous protected areas across the range of this species. Due to collection locality uncertainty it is not clear whether the species occurs within a natural reserve or any other protected area. No collections are known to have been made for ex situ conservation. Further surveys are needed to help understand the status of the population.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
3. Shrubland -> 3.4. Shrubland - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
suitability: Suitable  
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Unknown
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.

Sharma, P., Uniyal, P.L. and Hammer, O. 2010. Two new species of Ephedra (Ephedraceae) from the western Himalayan region. Systematic Botany 35(4): 730-735.

Citation: Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra kardangensis. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201684A9164441. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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