Ephedra triandra


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Ephedra triandra
Species Authority: Tul.
Common Name(s):
Spanish Frutilla del Campo

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-23
Assessor(s): Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
Occurring across a wide range and under no major threats at present this species is rated as Least Concern (LC).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Has a large range stretching from Bolivia to southern Argentina. Also has a wide altitudinal range occurring from 300 m up to 3,000 m.
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Córdoba, La Rioja, Mendoza, San Juan); Bolivia, Plurinational States of
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population size is not known.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A shrub to 2 m tall, or climbing. Leaves in twos at the nodes. Found growing in semi-arid areas, often in disturbed areas, in sandy soil on rocky hillsides, in gulches and on clay bluffs. Flowers from November to January.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system. The stems are also made into a tea (Plants for a Future 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Considered a weed and under no major threat at present, although it has been reported to be eaten by livestock.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Despite the wide range the known collections are not well covered by the protected area network. Seeds have yet to be collected as an ex situ conservation measure. It is represented in three botanic gardens worldwide. Further surveys are required to better understand the status of the population.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.

Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra triandra. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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