Macrobrachium rosenbergii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Malacostraca Decapoda Palaemonidae

Scientific Name: Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879)
Common Name(s):
English Giant River Prawn, Giant Freshwater Prawn
Taxonomic Source(s): Ng, P.K.L. and Wowor, D. 2011. On the nomenclature of the palaemonid names Palaemon spinipes Desmarest, 1817, Palaemon spinipes Schenkel, 1902, and Macrobrachium wallacei Wowor & Ng, 2008 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea). Zootaxa 2904: 66-68.
Taxonomic Notes: The nomenclature of this species is confusing, but has been recently fully resolved by Wowor and Ng (2007) and Ng and Wowor (2011).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-03-27
Assessor(s): De Grave, S., Shy, J., Wowor, D. & Page, T.
Reviewer(s): Cumberlidge, N. & Smith, K.
The natural range of this species is eastwards from eastern Pakistan up to Borneo and Java (Wowor and Ng 2007, as M.dacqueti). Throughout its range it is extensively fished for, as well as being the main focus for freshwater shrimp aquaculture. Although commercially fished for throughout its range it is not thought to represent a threat to the global population. In view of its large natural range and the absence of any known, major threats the species is considered as of Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The natural range of this species is eastwards from eastern Pakistan up to Borneo and Java (Wowor and Ng 2007, as M.dacqueti). The species is widely cultured both within its natural range and far beyond (Africa, South America). Established populations of aquaculture escapees have been recorded in Para, Brazil (Silva-Oliviera et al. 2011) and Martinique (Lim et al. 2002). Further specimens have been in Sao Paulo state, but these may represent a non-breeding population.
Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Jawa); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Myanmar (Myanmar (mainland)); Pakistan; Philippines; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Thailand
Brazil (Pará, São Paulo); Martinique
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Despite being intensely studied for aquaculture purposes, the population trends in wild populations are unknown.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species lives in large rivers and stream with a connection to the sea.
Movement patterns:Full Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Throughout its native range, this is the most important commercial species of freshwater shrimp (Holthuis 1980).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No threats have been identified to the species. Although it is commercially fished for throughout its range, this is not thought to represent a threat to the global population.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No specific conservation actions are in place, although in many parts of its range it likely occurs in protected areas.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. FAO Species catalogue. Vol. 1. Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO, Rome.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Lim, P., Meunier, F.J., Keith, P. and Noël, P.Y. 2002. Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce de la Martinique. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

Silva-Oliviera, G.C., Ready, J.S., Iketani, G., Bastos, S., Gomes, G., Samapaio, I. and Macie, C.l. 2011. The invasive status of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) in Northern Brazil, with an estimation of areas at risk globally. Aquatic Invasions 6: 319-328.

Wowor, D. and Ng, P.K.L. 2007. The giant freshwater prawns of the Macrobrachium rosenbergii species group (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55: 321-336.

Citation: De Grave, S., Shy, J., Wowor, D. & Page, T. 2013. Macrobrachium rosenbergii. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T197873A2503520. . Downloaded on 22 November 2017.
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