Redunca fulvorufula 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetartiodactyla Bovidae

Scientific Name: Redunca fulvorufula
Species Authority: (Afzelius, 1815)
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Common Name(s):
English Mountain Reedbuck
French Redunca de montagne
Taxonomic Notes: There are three recognized subspecies (Ansell 1972, Avenant in press): Southern Mountain Reedbuck (R. f. fulvorufula); Chanler’s Mountain Reedbuck (R. f. chanleri); and Western Mountain Reedbuck (R. f. adamauae).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Mallon, D.P. (Antelope Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment)
Listed as Least Concern as the Mountain Reedbuck remains widespread and survives in reasonably good numbers. The conservation status of the species as a whole is unlikely to change in the long term, as long as it continues to be represented by good-sized, stable or increasing populations on private land and in protected areas in southern Africa. The prospects for the other two subspecies are less satisfactory.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The Mountain Reedbuck occurs in three separate populations in East and southern Africa, and in a restricted area of eastern Nigeria and north-central Cameroon (East 1999; Avenant in press).

The Southern Mountain Reedbuck (R. f. fulvorufula) occurs in South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Botswana, and Mozambique (Lubombo Mtns only).

Chanler's Mountain Reedbuck (R. f. chanleri) occurs in south-eastern Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, and northern Tanzania.

The Western Mountain Reedbuck (R. f. adamauae) has been reduced to a small, declining remnant subpopulation in Nigeria in the Gashaka-Gumpti N.P. and the Gotel Mtns. adjoining the park’s southern boundary, and in Cameroon in the Adamaoua Mtns. and the hunting zones below, as well as in the hunting zones between Benoue and Bouba Ndjida N.P. (East 1999; Nicholas 2004; Avenant in press).
Countries occurrence:
Botswana; Cameroon; Ethiopia; Kenya; Lesotho; Mozambique; Nigeria; South Africa; South Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Densities of Mountain Reedbuck within protected areas vary greatly according to factors such as the extent of suitable habitat. Estimated densities of the southern subspecies in protected areas in South Africa vary from 0.1/km² or less in areas such as Karoo, Addo-Zuurberg and Marakele National Parks to 3.0-3.5/km² in Golden Gate Highlands and Royal Natal National Parks and 7.5/km² in Mountain Zebra National Park. lrby (1977) reported a density of 4.9/km² of Chanler’s Mountain Reedbuck on ranchland in Kenya’s Rift Valley.

The current total population is estimated at over 36,000 individuals (33,000 Southern Mountian Reedbuck, 2,900 Chanler's Mountain Reedbuck, and 450 Western Mountain Reedbuck) (East 1999). The estimate for Chanler’s Mountain Reedbuck may be very conservative if this subspecies still occurs in significant numbers on private land in Kenya (East 1999). The estimate for Western Mountain Reedbuck may also be slightly low; they have been reported as locally common, albeit declining, in Gashaka Gumpti N.P. (Nicholas 2004). Overall population trends are more or less stable for the Southern Mountain Reedbuck, but decreasing for the other two subspecies.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Mountain Reedbuck live on ridges and hillsides in broken rocky country and high-altitude grasslands (often with some tree or bush cover), from 1,500-5,000 m (East 1999; Avenant in press). They are predominantly grazers, and water is an important habitat requirement.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The Mountain Reedbuck is hunted for sport, food, and handicrafts materials. The proportions of animals taken from the wild and from ranches is not available.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to Mountain Reedbuck include the expansion of human settlement, poaching, widespread disturbance by cattle herders and their livestock, and hunting by dogs (Avenant in press).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Southern Mountain Reedbuck occur in sizeable numbers in both protected areas and on private land. In South Africa alone, they are protected in at least nine National Parks, and in numerous provincial reserves and conservancies.

Chanler’s Mountain Reedbuck occur in viable populations in Awash, Nechisar, Omo and Mago National Parks (Ethiopia), the Aberdares, Nairobi and Lake Nakuru National Parks (Kenya), and Arusha and Tarangire National Parks and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (Tanzania) (East 1999). Western Mountain Reedbuck occur in the Gashaka-Gumpti N.P., while in Cameroon there is some protection from poachers in the hunting zones below the Adamaoua Mtns and in the hunting zones between Benoue and Bouba Ndjida National Park (East 1999; Avenant in press).

Classifications [top]

0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
4. Grassland -> 4.7. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude
3. Shrubland -> 3.7. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.1. Harvest management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.1. Nomadic grazing
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓   National : ✓ 

♦  Handicrafts, jewellery, etc.
 International : ✓ 

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 National : ✓ 

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Ansell, W.F.H. 1972. Part 2, 15 Family Artiodactyla. In: J. Meester and H.W. Setzer (eds), The Mammals of Africa: An Identification Manual, pp. 1-84. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Avenant, N.L. 2013. Redunca fulvorufula Mountain Reedbuck. In: Kingdon, J. and Hoffmann, M. (eds), The Mammals of Africa. Volume 6. Pigs, Hippopotanuses, Chevrotain, Giraffes, Deer, and Bovids, pp. 422-426. Bloomsbury Publishing, London, UK.

East, R. (compiler). 1999. African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Irby, L. R. 1977. Studies on mountain reedbuck populations with special reference to Loskop Dam Nature Reserve. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 7: 73-86.

Nicholas, A. 2004. A brief update on the status of the Adamawa Mountain Reedbuck (Redunca fulvorufula adamauae) in Gashaka Gumpti National Park, Nigeria. Antelope Survey Update 9: 43-46.

Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2008. Redunca fulvorufula. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T19391A8874377. . Downloaded on 17 August 2017.
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