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Pristis pristis

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_onStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.2. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks
suitability: Marginal  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.4. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.5. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy-Mud
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.6. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Muddy
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.9. Marine Neritic - Seagrass (Submerged)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.10. Marine Neritic - Estuaries
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
12. Marine Intertidal -> 12.4. Marine Intertidal - Mud Flats and Salt Flats
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
12. Marine Intertidal -> 12.7. Marine Intertidal - Mangrove Submerged Roots
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
1. Land/water protection -> 1.2. Resource & habitat protection
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.1. Harvest management
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.2. Trade management
4. Education & awareness -> 4.2. Training
4. Education & awareness -> 4.3. Awareness & communications
5. Law & policy -> 5.1. Legislation -> 5.1.2. National level
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.1. International level
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.2. National level
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.3. Sub-national level
6. Livelihood, economic & other incentives -> 6.1. Linked enterprises & livelihood alternatives
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
timing: Ongoing scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.2. Commercial & industrial areas
timing: Ongoing scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
3. Energy production & mining -> 3.2. Mining & quarrying
timing: Ongoing scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
4. Transportation & service corridors -> 4.1. Roads & railroads
scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale)
timing: Ongoing scope: Majority (50-90%) severity: Rapid Declines 
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.2. Intentional use: (large scale)
timing: Past, Unlikely to Return scope: Majority (50-90%) severity: Rapid Declines 
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.3. Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale)
timing: Ongoing scope: Majority (50-90%) severity: Rapid Declines 
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.4. Unintentional effects: (large scale)
timing: Past, Unlikely to Return scope: Majority (50-90%) severity: Rapid Declines 
7. Natural system modifications -> 7.2. Dams & water management/use -> 7.2.3. Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)
timing: Future scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
7. Natural system modifications -> 7.2. Dams & water management/use -> 7.2.10. Large dams
timing: Future scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.1. Nutrient loads
timing: Ongoing scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.2. Soil erosion, sedimentation
timing: Ongoing scope: Minority (<50%) severity: Unknown 
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.1. Habitat shifting & alteration
timing: Future scope: Unknown severity: Unknown 
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.3. Temperature extremes
timing: Future scope: Unknown severity: Unknown 

Citation: Kyne, P.M., Carlson, J. & Smith, K. 2013. Pristis pristis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 July 2014.
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