Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Polygalales Malpighiaceae

Scientific Name: Acridocarpus alopecurus var. machaeropterus
Species Authority: Nied.
Parent Species:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-04-24
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Contributor(s): Bangirinama, F., Beentje, H.J., Bujo, F., Gereau, R., Kabuye, C., Kalema, J., Kelbessa, E., Kimeu, J.M., Luke, Q., Malombe, I., Manoko, L.M., Maunder, M., Minani, V., Mwachala, G., Mwangoka, M., Ndangalasi, H. & Sado, H.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Rodrigues, A.
This variety has an area of occupancy of 59.9136 km2 and is found in 4-5 locations where the threat is from urban expansion and forest clearance.  Given the unlikely continued presence of this species in Pugu and Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserves there is a continuing decline in area of occupancy and extent and quality of habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

Found in the Dar es Salaam region and Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania.


Countries occurrence:
Tanzania, United Republic of
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:59.9136
Number of Locations:4-5
Lower elevation limit (metres):20
Upper elevation limit (metres):300
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There are no population size estimates available for this variety.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Wood climber reaching 2m.  Found in dry, evergreen forests.  Has been recorded from waste ground near water.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Pugu and Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserves have suffered major habitat degradation as a result of urban expansion and forest clearing.   The variety is unlikely to still occur at these sites. The collection made on waste ground is an area where there is heavy grazing.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Found in Zaraninge Forest Reserve, Selous Game Reserve, Pugu Forest Reserve and Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserve. 

Part of Zaraninge is now part of Saadani National Park and the rest of the Forest Reserve is lilkely to be under similar level of protection as the National Park.   

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:No
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Unknown ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.3. Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale)
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Unknown ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.2). Available at: (Accessed: 13 November 2013).

Citation: IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority. 2013. Acridocarpus alopecurus var. machaeropterus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T179957A1596220. . Downloaded on 07 October 2015.
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