Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Teiidae

Scientific Name: Contomastix vittata
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1902)
Ameiva vittata (Boulenger, 1902)
Cnemidophorus vittatus Boulenger, 1902
Taxonomic Source(s): Harvey, M.B., Ugueto, G.N. and Gutberlet Jr., R.L. 2012. Review of Teiid morphology with a revised taxonomy and phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1-156.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-06-30
Assessor(s): Embert, D.
Reviewer(s): Böhm, M., Collen, B. & Ram, M. (Sampled Red List Index Coordinating Team)
Contributor(s): De Silva, R., Milligan, HT, Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.
Contomastix vittata has been assessed as Critically Endangered because it has an extent of occurrence less than 100 km², it has only been found in one location despite two additional searches, and its natural habitat has been virtually destroyed. As a result, this species has been flagged as 'possibly extinct'. Urgent conservation measures, such as the restoration of the natural habitat and the establishment of protected areas, should be carried out within this species' range.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from its type locality, at Parotani, Cochabamba, Bolivia, at an altitude of 2,500 m above sea level. Two searches have been carried out in and directly around the type locality in order to locate the species, but both searches were unsuccessful (D. Embert pers. comm. 2010). The area in which this species is distributed may be less than 100 km².
Countries occurrence:
Possibly extinct:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of
Number of Locations:1
Upper elevation limit (metres):2500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no population information available for this species.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species' type locality is within an area of dry montane forest.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The natural habitat of this species can be considered as mainly destroyed due to deforestation for firewood collection and building materials, and from agricultural expansion (D. Embert pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. The species has been assessed as vulnerable in the latest edition of the Bolivian Red Book, using the MEGA evaluation criteria (Cortez 2009). There is an urgent need for the restoration of this species' habitat. Conservation measures, such as the establishment of protected areas, should also be used to prevent further habitat loss occurring within the species' range. Further research and monitoring of the population, distribution, biology and ecology, and threats to this species should be carried out.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Suitable  
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.3. Habitat & natural process restoration

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Cortez, C. 2009. Reptiles. Libro rojo de la fauna silvestre de vertebrados de Bolivia, pp. 225-299. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua 2009, La Paz, Bolivia.

Embert, D. 2007. Distribution, diversity and conservation status of Bolivian Reptiles. Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms University.

Embert, D. 2007. pers. comm. Red List Assessment.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Vance, T. 1978. The identity of Cnemidophorus vittatus Boulenger (Reptilia, lacertilia, Teiidae) with a redescription of the holotype. Journal of Herpetology 12(1): 100-102.

Citation: Embert, D. 2010. Contomastix vittata. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T178408A7540695. . Downloaded on 09 October 2015.
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