Crenicichla lepidota 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Cichlidae

Scientific Name: Crenicichla lepidota
Species Authority: Heckel, 1840
Common Name(s):
English Pike cichlid
Spanish Cabeza amarga
Crenicichla edithae Ploeg, 1991
Taxonomic Notes: Widespread distribution leads to possible taxonomic variation across range which leads to taxonomic uncertainty.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2007-03-01
Assessor(s): Reis, R & Lima, F.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Darwall, W., Ram, M. & Smith, K. (SRLI Freshwater Fish Evaluation Workshop)
This common species has been assessed as Least Concern due to its wide distribution and lack of threats acting on it.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is distributed in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. It is found in the Paraná River basin, the Paraguay River drainage, the Guapore River drainage, Uruguay basin and along the coast of the Rio Grande do Sul.
Countries occurrence:
Argentina; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Paraguay; Uruguay
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:A widespread and abundant species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:C. lepidota is a benthopelagic (ecological region at the lowest level of water body) and potamodromous (migrating within fresh water only) fish. Found in lagoons, larger rivers, small streams - if you are in the plains and there is water, it is likely you will find this species. It is a typical dweller of streams, lagoons and flooded areas.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is harvested for the pet trade, although not a significant amount is taken from the wild.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Very resilient to habitat modification and certainly not threatened.  The species is collected for the pet trade, but it is not at a level that is a cause for concern.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.4. Wetlands (inland) - Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
suitability: Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale)
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: No decline ⇒ Impact score: Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

3. Monitoring -> 3.2. Harvest level trends

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

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Citation: Reis, R & Lima, F. 2009. Crenicichla lepidota. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T167717A6372093. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
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