Acanthodactylus grandis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Lacertidae

Scientific Name: Acanthodactylus grandis Boulenger, 1909
Common Name(s):
English Giant Fringe-toed Lizard

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-02-06
Assessor(s): Al Johany, A.M.H., Amr, Z.S.S., Sharifi, M., Papenfuss, T., Sadek, R., Disi, A.M., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Werner, Y.L. & Shafiei Bafti, S.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A. & Bowles, P.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Cox, N.A.
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species ranges from Syria (where it is widespread) and eastern and southern Jordan, to Iraq, southwestern Iran (where it may persist as isolated relictual populations in the Mesopotamian lowlands of Khuzestan and Fars [S. Shafti pers. comm. September 2008]), northern Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. It is not present in Lebanon.
Countries occurrence:
Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Jordan; Kuwait; Saudi Arabia; Syrian Arab Republic
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is generally a common species. There is little information available on the populations of this species in Iran.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found on dry semi-desert habitats with hard substrates including stony areas and places with scattered vegetation. Animals have been recorded from mixed sandy and gravelly areas. Anderson (1999), found them on active dunes with low thorny shrubs, with some of these areas under cultivation for cucumbers. It is generally not present in modified habitats though.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not used or collected.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There appear to be no threats to this species in Jordan or elsewhere within much of its range. The threats to the Iranian populations are not known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: In Jordan, it has been recorded from the Al Shawmari protected area, Jordan. It may be present in Harat Al-Harra protected areas in Saudi Arabia. It is not known from any protected areas in Iran.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
8. Desert -> 8.1. Desert - Hot

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends

Bibliography [top]

Amr, Z.S., Al-Oran, R. and Disi, A. 1994. Reptiles of southern Jordan. The Snake 26: 41-49.

Anderson, S.C. 1999. The Lizards of Iran. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, St Louis, Missouri.

Boulenger, G.A. 1909. Description of a new lizard of the genus Acanthodactylus from Syria. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist.: 188-189.

Disi, A.M. 2002. Jordan Country Study on Biological Diversity: The Herpetofauna of Jordan. Amman, Jordan.

Disi, A.M. and Böhme, W. 1996. Zoogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records. Herpetozoa 9(1/2): 63-70.

Disi, A.M., Modrý, D., Nečas, P. and Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt.

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2012).

Lymberakis, P. and Kalionzopoulou, A. 2003. Additions to the herpetofauna of Syria. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 33-39.

Martens, H. 1993. Three species of snake new for Syria. Zoology in the Middle East: 49-58.

Sindaco, R. and Jeremčenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Turtles, Crocodiles, Amphisbaenians and Lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).

Werner, Y.L. 1971. Lizards and snakes from Transjordan, recently acquired by the British Museum (Natural Hisrory). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology 21: 213-256.

Citation: Al Johany, A.M.H., Amr, Z.S.S., Sharifi, M., Papenfuss, T., Sadek, R., Disi, A.M., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Werner, Y.L. & Shafiei Bafti, S. 2012. Acanthodactylus grandis. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T164590A1059820. . Downloaded on 25 June 2018.
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