Giraffa camelopardalis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Bercovitch, F., Berry, P.S.M. 2010a. Ecological determinants of herd size in the Thornicroft's giraffe of Zambia. Afrian Journal of Ecology 48: 962-971.

Bercovitch, F., Careter, K., Fennessy, J., Tutchings, A. In prep. Thornicroft's giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis thornicrofti Lydekker 1911) conservation status report. . IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Berkovitch, F.B., Berry. P.S.M. 2010b. Reproductive life history of Thornicroft's griaffe in Zambia. African Journal of Ecology 48(535-538).

Berry, P.S.M., Bercovitch, F. 2016. Population census of Thornicroft's giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis thornicrofti in Zambia, 1973-2003. Oryx (in press).

Bock, F., Fennessy, J., Bidon, T., Tutchings, A., Marais, A., Deacon, F., Janke, A. 2014. Mitochondrial sequences reveal a clear separation between Angolan and South African giraffe along a cryptic rift valley. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 219.

Bolger, D.T., Ogutu, J.O., Strauss, M., Lee, D.E., Fennessy, J., Brown, D. In prep. Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) conservation status report. IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Brand, R. 2007. Evolutionary ecology of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis in Etosha National Park, Namibia. Newcastle, UK.

Brown, D. M., Brenneman, R. A., Georgiadis, N. J., Koepfli, K-P., Pollinger, J. P., Mila, B., Louis Jr., E., Grether, G. F., Jakobs, D. K. and Wayne, R. K. 2007. Extensive Population Genetic Structure in the Giraffe. BMC Biology 5: 57.

Carter, K.D., Seddon, J.M., Frere, C.H., Carter, J.K., Golidzen, A.W. 2013. Fission-fusion dynamics in wild giraffes ,may be driven by kinship, spatial overlap and individual social poreferences. Animal Behaviour 85: 385-394.

Dagg, A.I. 2014. Giraffe: biology. behaviour, and conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Dagg, A. I. and Foster, J. B. 1982. The Giraffe: its anatomy, behavior and ecology. Second Edition. R.E. Krieger Publishing Co., Malabar.

Deacon, F., Tutchings, A., Bercovitch, F. In prep. South African giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa) conservation status report. IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Doherty, J.B., Abdullahi, A., Fennessy, J., Marais, A., Wobe, T. In prep. Reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata de Winton 1899_ conservation status report . IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Du Toit, J. 2009. Giraffes and okapis. In: Macdonald, D.W. (ed.), The encyclopedia of mammals, pp. 742-748. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

East, R. (Compiler). 1999. African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Estes, R. 1991. The behavior guide to African mammals. University of California Press, Berkely, CA.

Fennessy, J, and Marais, A. In prep. Kordofan giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis antiquorum Swainson 1835) conservation status report. IUCN Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Fennessy, J., Bock, F., Tutchings, A., Brenneman, R.. Janke, A. 2013. Mitochondrial DNA shows that Zamnbia's South Luangwa valley giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis thornicofti) are genetically isolated. African Journal of Ecology 51: 635-640.

Fennessy, J., Brenneman, R. 2010. Giraffa cameloardalsi ssp. rothschildi. The IUCN Red list of Threatened Species 2010.(e.T174469A7077893.

Fennessy, J., Brown, D. 2008. Giraffa camelopardalis ssp. peralta. . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008(e.T136913A4349726.

Fennessy, J., Brown, D. 2011. Giraffa camelopardalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011(e.T9194A12968471).

Fennessy, J., Tutchings, A., Marais, A. In prep. West African Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta Thomas 1898) conservation status report. IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group .

Fennessy, S., Fennessy, J., Muller, Z., Brown, M., Marais, A. In prep. Rothschild's giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) conservation status report. IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Groves, C. and Grubb, P. 2011. Ungulate Taxonomy. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Hassanin, A., Ropiquet, A., Gourmand, A.-L., Chardonnet, B. and Rigoulet, J. 2007. Mitochondrial DNA variability in Giraffa camelopardalis: consequences for taxonomy, phylogeography and conservation of giraffes in West and central Africa. Comptes Rendus Biologies 330: 265-274.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

Marais, A., Fennessy, J., Fennessy, S., Brand, R., Carter, K.D. In prep. Angolan giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis angolensis Lydekker 1903) ccnservation status report. IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Mitchell, G., Skinner, J.D. 2003. On the origin, evolution and phylogeny of giraffes Goraffa camelopardalis. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 58(51-73).

Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P. and Rondinini, C. 2013. Generation length for mammals. Nature Conservation 5: 87–94.

Robinson, C.A. 2011. Giraffidae. In: Harrison, T. (ed.), Paleontology and geology of Laetoli: human evolution in context. Vol 2: Fossil hominins anfd the associated fauna, pp. 339-362. Springer, Berlin, Gernamy.

Strauss, M.K.L., Kilewo, M., Rentsch, D., Packer, C. 2015. Food supply and poaching limit giraffe abundance in the Serengeti. Population Ecology 57: 505-516.

VanderWaal, K.L., Wang, H., McCowan, B., Fushing, H., Isbell, L.A. 2014. Multilevel social organization and space use in reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). Behavioural Ecology 25: 17-26.

Wube, T., Doherty, J.B., Fennessy, J., Maraia, A. In prep. Nubian giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis camelopardalis) conservation status report . IUCN/SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group.

Citation: Muller, Z., Bercovitch, F., Brand, R., Brown, D., Brown, M., Bolger, D., Carter, K., Deacon, F., Doherty, J.B., Fennessy, J., Fennessy, S., Hussein, A.A., Lee, D., Marais, A., Strauss, M., Tutchings, A. & Wube, T. 2016. Giraffa camelopardalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T9194A51140239. . Downloaded on 26 April 2017.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided