Gasterosteus aculeatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Bibliography [top]

Fuller, P.L., Nico, L.G. and Williams, J.D. 1999. Nonindigenous fishes introduced into inland waters of the United States. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 27.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.1. Available at: (Accessed: 28 May 2015).

Morrow, J.E. 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska. Alaska Northwest Publishing Company, Anchorage.

NatureServe. 2008. NatureServe Explorer: An Online Encyclopedia of Life Version 7.0. Available at:

Nelson, J.S., Crossman, E.J., Espinosa-Perez, H., Findley, L.T., Gilbert, C.R., Lea, R. N. and Williams, J.D. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland.

Stephenson, S.A. and Momot, W.T. 2000. Threespine, Gasterosteus aculeatus, and fourspine, Apeltes quadracus, sticklebacks in the Lake Superior basin. Canadian Field-Naturalist 114(2): 211-216.

Citation: NatureServe. 2015. Gasterosteus aculeatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T8951A76576912. . Downloaded on 23 July 2018.
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