Felis silvestris


Bibliography [top]

Bannikov, A. G. 1954. Mammals of the Mongolian People's Republic. Nauka, Moscow, Russia.

Battersby, J. 2005. UK Mammals: Species Status and Population Trends. First Report by the Tracking Mammals Partnership. JNCC / The Tracking Mammals Partnership.

Bieniek, M., Sumiński, P. and Wolsan, M. 1992. Felis silvestris Schreber, 1777. [Wildcat]. PWRiL, Warszawa.

Biró, Z., Lanszki, J., Szemethy, L., Heltai, M. and Randi, E. 2005. Feeding habits of feral domestic cats (Felis catus), wild cats (Felis silvestris) and their hybrids: trophic niche overlap among cat groups in Hungary. Journal of Zoology (London) 266: 187-196.

Cabral, M. J., Almeida, J., Almeida, P. R., Dellinger, T., Ferrand de Almeida, N., Oliveira, M. E., Palmeirim, J. M., Queiroz, A. I., Rogado, L. and Santos-Reis, M. (eds). 2005. Livro Vermelho dos Vertebrados de Portugal. Instituto da Conservação da Natureza, Lisboa.

Canters, K. J., Thissen, J. B. M., van Diepenbeek, A., Jansman, H. A. H. and Goutbeek, K. 2005. The wildcat (Felis silvestris) finally recorded in the Netherlands. Lutra 48(2): 67-90.

Courchamp, F. and Cornell, S. J. 2000. Virus-vectored immunocontraception to control feral cats on islands: a mathematical model.

Daniels, M. J., Golder, M. C., Jarrett, O. and MacDonald, D. W. 1999. Feline viruses in wildcats from Scotland. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 35(1): 121-124.

Driscoll, C. A., Menotti-Raymond, M., Roca, A. L. Hupe, K., Johnson, W. E., Geffen, E., Harley, E. H., Delibes, M., Pontier, D., Kitchener, A. C., Yamaguchi, N., O'Brien, S. J. and Macdonald, D. W. 2007. The Near Eastern origin of cat domestication. Science 317: 519-523.

Fernandes, M., Castro, L. and Ceia, H. 2001. Lince-ibérico em Portugal. Actividades da Direcção de Serviçios Conservação da Natureza 1995-2001. Relatorio ICN.

Garcia-Perea, R. 2000. Morphological characteristics and affinities of the Chinese Mountain Cat, Felis bieti. Preliminary report. Cat Action Treasury.

Gippoliti, S. and Amori, G. 2006. Ancient introductions of mammals in the Mediterranean Basin and their implications for conservation. Mammal Review 36: 37-48.

He, L., García-Perea, R., Li, M. and Wei, F. 2004. Distribution and conservation status of the endemic Chinese mountain cat Felis bieti. Oryx 38(1): 55-61.

Hemmer, H. 1999. Felis silvestris. In: A. J. Mitchell-Jones, G. Amori, W. Bogdanowicz, B. Kryštufek, P. J. H. Reijnders, F. Spitzenberger, M. Stubbe, J. B. M. Thissen, V. Vohralík, and J. Zima (eds), The Atlas of European Mammals, pp. 358-359. Academic Press, London, UK.

Herrmann, M. and Vogel, C. 2005. Die Wildkatze. In: M. Braun and F. Dieterlen (eds), Die Säugetiere Baden-Württembergs Bd 2, pp. 363-376. Ulmer Verlag.

IUCN. 2007. European Mammal Assessment. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Kitchener, A.C. and Rees, E.E. 2009. Modelling the dynamic biogeography of the wildcat: implications for taxonomy and conservation. Journal of Zoology 279(2): 144-155.

Kitchener, A. C., Yamaguchi, N., Ward, J. M. and Macdonald, D. W. 2005. A diagnosis for the Scottish wildcat: a tool for conservation action for a critically-endangered felid. Animal Conservation 8: 223-237.

Knapp, J., Herrmann, M. and Trinzen, M. 2000. Artenschutzprojekt Wildkatze (Felis silvestris) in Rheinland-Pfalz. Landesamt für Umweltschutz und Gewerbeaufsicht, Oppenheim , Germany.

Lapini, L. and Molinari, P. 2006. Nach zehn Jahren taucht in Kärnten die Wildkatze wieder auf. Carinthia II 197(117): 59-66.

Lecis, R., Pierpaoli, M., Biro, Z. S., Szemethy, L., Ragni, B., Vercillo, F. and Randi, E. 2006. Bayesian analyses of admixture in wild and domestic cats (Felis silvestris) using linked microsatellite loci. Molecular Ecology 15(1): 119-131.

Legay, J. M. 1986. Tentative estimation of the total number of domestic cats in the world [in French]. Comptes Rendus de l Academie des Sciences. Serie III, Sciences de la Vie 303(17): 709-12.

Libois, R. 2006. Les Mammifères non volants de la région wallonne: Tendances des populations. Dossier scientifique réalisé dans le cadre de l'élaboration du Rapport analytique 2006 sur l'État de l'Environnement wallon.

Lozano, J., Moleón, M. and Virgós, E. 2006. Biogeographical patterns in the diet of the wildcat, Felis silvestris Schreber, in Eurasia: factors affecting the trophic diversity. Journal of Biogeography 33(6): 1076-1085.

Lüps, P., Flückiger, P. F., Peier, D. and Schmidt, P. 2002. Fund einer Waldkatze Felis silvestris bei Oberbuchsiten. Mitteilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft des Kantons Solothurn 39: 41-45.

Macdonald, D. W., Daniels, M. J., Driscoll, C. A., Kitchener, A. C. and Yamaguchi, N. 2004. The Scottish Wildcat: analyses for conservation and an action plan. The Wildlife Conservation research unit, Oxford, UK.

Macdonald, D. W., Yamaguchi, N., Kitchener, A. C., Daniels, M., Kilshaw, K. and Driscoll, D. in press. Reversing cryptic extinction: the history, present and future of the Scottish Wildcat. In: D.W. Macdonald and Loveridge A.C. (eds), Felid Biology and Conservation, Oxford University Press.

Ministry of Nature and Environment. 1996. Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan for Mongolia. Ministry of Nature and Environment, Ulaanbaatar.

Ministry of Nature and Environment. 1997. Mongolian Red Book. In: Ts. Shiirevdamba, O. Shagdarsuren, G. Erdenejav, T. Amgalan, and Ts. Tsetsegmaa (eds). ADMON Printing, Ulaanbaatar.

Nowak, R.M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA and London, UK.

Nowell, K. and Jackson, P. 1996. Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Okarma, H., Śnieżko, S. and Olszanska, A. 2002. Occurrence of wildcat in the Polish Carpathian Mountains. Acta Theriologica 47(4): 499-504.

Palomo, L. J. and Gisbert, J. 2002. Atlas de los mamíferos terrestres de España. Dirección General de Conservación de la Naturaleza. SECEM-SECEMU, Madrid, Spain.

Peichocki, R. 2001. Lebensräume. Die Verbreitung der Wildkatze in Europa. In: H. Grabe and G. Worel (eds), Die Wildkatze. Zurück auf leisen Pfoten, pp. 14-27. Buch & Kunstverlag Oberpfalz, Amberg.

Phelan, P. and Sliwa, A. 2006. Range size and den use of Gordon's wildcats in the Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Cat News 44: 16-17.

Pierpaoli, M., Birò, Z. S., Herrmann, M., Hupe, K., Fernandes, M., Ragni, B., Szemethy, L. and Randi, E. 2003. Genetic distinction of wildcat (Felis silvestris) populations in Europe, and hybridization with domestic cats in Hungary.

Pinto, B. and Fernandes, M. L. 2001. Preliminary approach to wildcat distribution in Portugal. Institute for Nature Conservation.

Randi, E. and Ragni, B. 1991. Genetic variability and biochemical systematics of domestic and wild cat populations (Felis silvestris: Felidae). Journal of Mammalogy 72: 79–88.

Schulenberg, J. 2005. Säugetiere (Mammalia). In: A. Gunther, U. Nigmann, R. Achtziger (ed.), Analyse der Gefährdungsursachen von planungsrelevanten Tiergruppen in Deutschland zur Ergänzung der bestehenden Roten Listen gefährdeter Tiere.- Schriftenr, pp. 70-112. Biol Vielfalt, BfN, Bonn-Bad Godesberg.

Shagdarsuren, O., Jigi, S., Tsendjav, D., Dulamtseren, S., Bold, A., Munkhbayar, Kh., Dulmaa, A., Erdenejav, G., Olziihutag, N., Ligaa, U. and Sanchir, Ch. 1987. Mongolian Red Book. Publishing House of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Simon, O., Hupe, K. and Trinzen, M. 2005. Wildkatze - Felis silvestris (Schreber, 1777). Bonn-Bad Godesberg.

Spassov, N., Simeonovski, V. and Spiridonov, G. 1997. The Wild Cat (Felis silvestris Schr.) and the Feral Domestic Cat: Problems of the Morphology, Taxonomy, identification of the hybrids and purity of the wild population. Historia naturalis bulgarica 8: 101-120.

Spitzenberger, F. 2005. Rote Liste der Säugetiere Österreichs. In: K. P. Zulka (ed.), Rote Listen gefährdeter Tiere Österreichs, Böhlau, Wien, Köln, Weimar.

Stahl, P. and Artois, M. 1991. Status and conservation of the wildcat in Europe and around the Mediterranean rim. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.

Stahl, P., Artois, M. and Aubert, M. F. A. 1988. Organisation saptiale et deplacements des chats forestiers adultes (Felis silvestris, Schreber, 1777) en Lorraine. Revue d'Écologie (La Terre et la Vie) 43: 113-132.

Stuart, C., Stuart, T. and De Smet, K. J. In press. Felis silvestris. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Sunquist, M. and Sunquist, F. 2002. Wild Cats of the World. University of Chicago Press.

United Nations Environment Programme. 2006. UNEP-WCMC Species Database: CITES-Listed Species.

Vevers, G. M. and Pinner, E. 1948. Animals of the U.S.S.R. W. Heinemann, London, UK.

Vigne, J. D. 1992. Zooarchaeology and the biogeographical history of the mammals of Corsica and Sardinia since the last Ice Age. Mammal Review 22: 87-96.

Wilson, D.E. and Reeder, D.M. 1993. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Wolsan, M. and Okarma, H. 2001. Felis silvestris Schreber, 1775. Żbik. In: Z. Głowaciń (ed.), Polish red data book of animals, pp. 94-95, 83-84. Warszawa.

Wozencraft, W.C. 2005. Order Carnivora. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Edition, pp. 532-628. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Yamaguchi, N., Driscoll, C. A., Kitchener, A. C., Ward, J. M., Macdonald, D. W. 2004. Craniological differentiation between European wildcats (Felis silvestris silvestris), African wildcats (F. s. lybica) and Asian wildcats (F. s. ornata): implications for their evolution and conservation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 83: 47-63.

Yamaguchi, N., Kitchener, A.C., Driscoll, C.A., Ward, J.M. and Macdonald, D.W. 2004. Craniological differentiation amongst wild-living cats in Britain and southern Africa: natural variation or the effects of hybridisation? Animal Conservation 7(4): 339-351.

Yin, Y. f., Drubygal, Achu, Lu, Z. and Sanderson, J. 2007. First photographs in nature of the Chinese mountain cat. Cat News 47: 6-7.

Citation: Driscoll, C. & Nowell, K. 2010. Felis silvestris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 22 May 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided