Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Bohnsack, J.A. 1996. Marine reserves, zoning, and the future of fishery management. Fisheries 21(9):14-16.
Brule, T., Colas-Marrufo, T., Tuz-Sulub, A. and Deniel, C. 2000. Evidence for protogynous hermaphroditism in the serranid fish Epinephelus drummondhayi (Perciformes: Serranidae) from the Campeche Bank in the southern Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science 66(2): 513-521.
Bullock, L.H. and Smith, G.B. 1991. Seabasses (Pisces: Serranidae). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, Volume VIII, Part II. Florida Marine Research Institute, Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida. 243 pp.
Coleman, F.C. and Williams, S.L. 2002. Overexploiting marine ecosystem engineers: potential consequences for biodiversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 40-44.
Coleman, F.C., Baker, P. and Koenig, C.C. 2004. A review of Gulf of Mexico marine protected areas: successes, failures, and lessons learned. Fisheries 29: 10-21.
Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2005. FishBase version (11/2005). World Wide Web electronic publication. Search FishBase.
Gilmore, R.G. and Jones, R.S. 1992. Color variation and associated behavior in the epinepheline groupers, Mycteroperca microlepis (Goode and Bean) and M. phenax (Jordan and Swain). Bulletin of Marine Science 51: 83-103.
Heemstra, P.C. and Randall, J.E. 1993. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. No. 125, Vol. 16. Rome, FAO.
Huntsman, G.R., Potts, J., Mays, R.W. and Vaughan, D. 1999. Groupers (Serranidae, Ephinephelinae): endangered apex predators of reef communities. In: J.A. Musick (ed.) Life in the Slow lane: Ecology and Conservation of Long-Lived Marine Animals, pp. 231-271. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.
Jordan, T.1998. NMFS - a partner for endangered species. Endangered Species Bulletin [US Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service] 23(1): 4-9.
Matheson, R.H., III and Huntsman, G.R. 1984. Growth, mortality, and yield-per-recruit models for speckled hind and snowy grouper from the United States South Atlantic Bight. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 113: 607-616.
Musick, J.A., Harbin, M.M., Berkeley, S.A., Burgess, G.H., Eklund, A.M., Findley, L., Gilmore, R.G., Golden, J.T., Ha, D.S., Huntsman, G.R., McGovern, J.C., Parker, S.J., Poss, S.G., Sala, E., Schmidt T.W., Sedberry, G.R., Weeks, H. and Wright, S.G. 2000. Marine, estuarine, and diadromous fish stocks at risk of extinction in North America (Exclusive of Pacific Salmonids). Fisheries 25(11): 6-30.
Parker, R.O. and Mays, R.W. 1998. Southeastern U.S. deepwater reef fish assemblages, habitat characteristics, catches, and life history summaries. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 138, pp. 1-41.
Richards, W.J. 1999. Preliminary guide to the identification of the early life history stages of serranid fishes of the western central Atlantic. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-419.
Ross, S.W. 1988. Xanthic coloration as the normal color pattern of juvenile speckled hind, Epinephelus drummondhayi (Pisces: Serranidae). Copeia 1988(3): 780-784.
Schwartz, F.J. 1978. Xanthochromism in Epinephelus drummondhayi (Pisces: Serranidae) caught off North Carolina. Northeast Gulf Science 2(1): 62-64.
Smith, C.L. 1958. The groupers of Bermuda. In J.E. Bardach, C.L. Smith and D.W. Menzel (eds) Final report of the Bermuda fisheries research program, pp. 37-59. Bermuda Trade Development Board, Hamilton, Bermuda.
Smith, G.B. and Bullock, L.H. 1979. Xanthic specimens of speckled hind, Epinephelus drummondhayi (SERRANIDAE), from the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Florida Scientist 42(4): 252-253.
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Collette, B.B. and Luckhurst, B.E. 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologist Special Publication No. 4. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries.
Tester, P.A., Wolfe, C.A., Dixon, R.L. and Huntsman, G.R. 1983. Reef fish distributions off North Carolina and South Carolina as revealed by headboat catches. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFC, No.115, pp. 1-12.
|Citation:||Ng Wai Chuen & Huntsman, G. (Grouper & Wrasse Specialist Group) 2006. Epinephelus drummondhayi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 January 2015.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|