Desmodus rotundus 


Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

Mulheisen, M. and Anderson, R. 2001. Desmodus rotundus (On-line). Available at: (Accessed: May 10).

Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Wilkinson, G. 1985. The social organization of the common vampire bat. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 17(2): 111-122.

Wilkinson, G. 1986. Social grooming in the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus. Animal Behaviour 34(6): 1880-1889.

Citation: Barquez, R., Perez, S., Miller, B. & Diaz, M. 2015. Desmodus rotundus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T6510A21979045. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
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