Pituophis melanoleucus 

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Bibliography [top]

Burger, J. and Zappalorti, R.T. 1986. Nest site selection by pine snakes, Pituophis melanoleucus, in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Copeia : 116-121.

Burger, J. and Zappalorti, R.T. 1991. Nesting behavior of pine snakes (Pituophis m. melanoleucus) in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Journal of Herpetology 25: 152-160.

Burger, J., Zappalorti, R.T., Gochfeld, M., Boarman, W.I., Cafrey, M., Doig, V., Garber, S.D., Lauro, B., Mikovsky, M., Safina, C. and Saliva, J. 1988. Hibernacula and summer dens of Pine snakes (Pituophis melanoleucus) in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Journal of Herpetology 22(4): 425-433.

Ernst, C.H. and Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of Eastern North America. George Mason University Press, Fairfax, Virginia. 282 pp.

Ernst, C.H. and Ernst, E.M. 2003. Snakes of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.

Fitch, H.S. 1956. Temperature responses in free-living amphibians and reptile in northeastern Kansas. University of Kansas Publications of the Museum of Natural History 8: 417-76.

Fitch, H.S. 1958. Home ranges, territories, and seasonal movement of vertebrates of the Natural History Reservation. University of Kansas Publications of the Museum of Natural History 11: 63-326.

Franz, R. 1992. Florida pine snake Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus Barbour. In: P.E. Moler (ed.) Amphibians and reptiles. Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Volume III, pp. 254-258. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

IUCN. 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 12th September 2007).

Moore, J.M. 1893. The eggs of Pituophis melanoleucus. American Naturalist 27: 878-885.

Rodríguez-Robles, J.A. and de Jesús-Escobar, J.M. 2000. Molecular systematics of New World gopher, bull, and pinesnakes (Pituophis: Colubridae), a transcontinental species complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 14: 35-50.

Schroder, R.C. 1950. Hibernation of blue racers and bull snakes in western Illinois. Natural History Miscellanea 75: 1-2.

Sweet, S.S. and Parker, W.S. 1990. Pituophis melanoleucus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 474: 1-8.

Tennant, A. 1997. A Field Guide to Snakes of Florida. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas. xiii + 257 pp.

Zappalorti, R.T., Johnson, E.W. and Leszczynski, Z. 1983. The Ecology of the Northern Pine Snake, Pituophis melanoleucus melanoleucus (Daudin) (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae) in southern New Jersey, with special notes on habitat and nesting behavior. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 18(3/4): 57-72.

Citation: Hammerson, G.A. 2007. Pituophis melanoleucus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T63873A12723588. . Downloaded on 19 April 2018.
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