Boness, D. J., Bowen, W. D. and Oftedal, O. T. 1988. Evidence of polygyny from spatial patterns of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata). Canadian Journal of Zoology 66: 703-706.
Bowen, W. D., Myers, R. A. and Hay, K. 1987. Abundance estimation of a dispersed, dynamic population: hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) in the northwest Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44: 282-295.
Bowen, W. D., Oftedal, O. T. and Boness, D. J. 1985. Birth to weaning in four days: extraordinary growth in the hooded seal (Cystophora cristata). Canadian Journal of Zoology 63: 2841-2846.
Coltman, D. W., Stenson, G., Hammill, M. O., Haug, T., Davis, S. and Fulton, T. L. 2007. Panmictic population structure in the hooded seal (Cystophora cristata). Molecular Ecology 16: 1639-1648.
Dudley, M. 1992. First record of a hooded seal, Cystophora cristata Erxleben, 1777. Marine Mammal Science 8: 164-168.
Duignan, P. J., Nielsen, O., House, C., Kovacs, K. M., Duffy, N., Early, G., Sadove, S., St. Aubin, D. J., Rima, B. K. and Geraci, J. R. 1997. Epizootiology of morbillivirus infection in harp, hooded, and ringed seals from the Canadian Arctic and western Atlantic. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 33: 7-19.
Folkow, L. P. and Blix, A. S. 1999. Diving behaviour of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) in the Greenland and Norwegian Seas. Polar Biology 22: 61-74.
Folkow, L. P., Martensson, P. E. and Blix, A. S. 1996. Annual distribution of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) in the Greenland and Norwegian Seas. Polar Biology 16: 179-189.
Hammill, M. O. and Stenson, G. B. 2006. Abundance of Northwest Atlantic hooded seals (81960-2005). DFO CSAS.
Hammill, M. O. and Stenson, G. B. 2007. Application of the precautionary approach and conservation reference points to the management of Atlantic seals. ICES Journal of Marine Science 64: 701-706.
Hammill, M. O., Stenson, G. B. and Myers, R. A. 1992. Hooded seal Cystophora cristata) pup production in the Gulf of St Lawrence. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49: 2546-2550.
Harkonen, T., Dietz, R., Reijnders, P., Teilmann, J., Harding, K., Hall, A., Brasseur, S., Siebert, U., Goodman, S. J., Jepson, P. D., Rasmussen, T. D. and Thompson, P. 2006. A review of the 1988 and 2002 phocine distemper virus epidemics in European harbor seals. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 68: 115-130.
Harris, D. E. and Gupta, S. 2006. GIS-based analysis of ice-breeding seal strandings in the Gulf of Maine. Northeastern Naturalist 13: 403-420.
Harris, D. E., Lelli, B., Jakush, G. and Early, G. 2001. Hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) records from the southern Gulf of Maine. Northeastern Naturalist 8: 427-434.
Haug, T., Nilssen, K. T. and Lindblom, L. 2004. Feeding habits of harp and hooded seals in drift ice waters along the east coast of Greenland in summer and winter. Polar Research 23: 35-42.
Haug, T., Nilssen, K. T., Lindblom, L. and Lindstrom, U. 2007. Diets of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) in coastal waters and drift ice waters along the east coast of Greenland. Marine Biology Research 3: 123-133.
Hay, K., Stenson, G. B., Wakeham, D. and Myers, R. A. 1985. Estimation of pup production of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) at Newfoundland during March 1085. Can. Atl. Fish. Sci. Adv. Comm.
International Council for Exploration of the Sea. 2006. Report of the ICES/NAFO Working Group on Harp and Hoodes Seals. ICES Advisory Committee on Fishery Management, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Johnston, D. W., Friedlaender, A. S., Torres, L. G. and Lavigne, D. M. 2005. Variation in sea ice cover on the east coast of Canada from1969 to 2002: climate variability and implications for harp and hooded seals. Climate Research 29: 209-222.
Kovacs, K. M. 1990. Mating strategies of male hooded seals (Cystophora cristata). Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 2499-2502.
Kovacs, K. M. 2002. Hooded seal Cystophora cristata. In: W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig and J. G. M. Thewissen (eds), Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, pp. 580-583. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.
Kovacs, K. M. and Lavigne, D. M. 1986. Cystopora cristata. Mammalian Species 258: 1-9.
Kovacs, K. M. and Lavigne, D. M. 1992. Mass transfer efficiency between hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) mothers and their pups in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70: 1315-1320.
Kovacs, K. M. and Lydersen, C. 2008. Climate change impacts on seals and whales in the North Atlantic Arctic and adjacent shelf seas. Science Progress 91(2): 117-150.
Kovacs, K. M., Lydersen, C., Hammill, M. O. and Lavigne, D. M. 1996. Reproductive effort of male hooded seals (Cystophora cristata). Canadian Journal of Zoology 74: 1521-1530.
Laidre, K. L., Stirling, I., Lowry, L.F., Wiig, Ø., Heide-Jørgensen, M. P. and Ferguson, S.H. 2008. Quantifying the sensitivity of Arctic marine mammals to climate-induced habitat change. Ecological Applications 18 (Supplement: Arctic Marine Mammals): 97-125.
Lavigne, D. M. and Kovacs, K. M. 1988. Harps and hoods: ice-breeding seals of the northwest Atlantic. University of Waterloo Press, Ontario, Canada.
Learmonth, J. A., Macleod, C. D., Santos, M. B., Pierce, G. J., Crick, H. Q. P. and Robinson, R. A. 2006. Potential effects of climate change on marine mammals. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 44: 431-464.
Lucas, Z. and Daoust, P.-Y. 2002. Large increases of harp seals (Phoca groenlandica) and hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) on Sable Island, Nova Scotia, since 1995. Polar Biology 25: 562-568.
Lydersen, C., Kovacs, K. M. and Hammill, M. O. 1997. Energetics during nursing and early postweaning fasting in hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) pups from the Gulf of St Lawrence, Canada. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 167: 81-88.
Mignucci-Giannoni, A. A. and Haddow, P. 2002. Wandering hooded seals. Science 295: 627-628.
Øigård,T. A. and Haug, T. 2007. Estimating pup production of hooded seals in the Greenland Sea pack ice. In: J. Holmen, G. Gotaas and A. Johnsen (eds), Polar Research in Tromsø, pp. 4-5. Roals Amundsen Centre, Tromsø, Norway.
Øristland, T. and Øien, N. 1995. Aerial surveys of harp seal and hooded seal pups in the Greenland Sea pack ice. In: A.S. Blix, L. Walløe and Ø. Ulltang (eds), Whales, seal fish and man, pp. 77-87. Elsevier, Amserdam.
Pagnan, J. L. 2000. Arctic marine protection. Arctic 53: 469-476.
Reeves, R. R. and Ling, J. K. 1981. Hooded seal Cystophora cristata Erxleben, 1777. In: S. H. Ridgway and R. Harrison (eds), Handbook of marine mammals, Volume 2: seals, pp. 171-194. Academic Press.
Reeves, R. R., Stewart, B. S. and Leatherwood, S. 1992. The Sierra Club handbook of seals and sirenians. Sierra Club Books.
Reijnders, P., Brasseur, S., van der Toorn, J., van der Wolf, P., Boyd, I., Harwood, J., Lavigne, D. and Lowry, L. 1993. Seals, fur seals, sea lions, and walrus. Status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN Seal Specialist Group.
Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world: systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy.
Salberg A.-B., Haug, T. and Nilssen, K. T. 2008. Estimation of hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) pup production in the Greenlnad Sea pack ice during the 2005 whelping season. Polar Biology.
Sergeant, D. E. 1974. A rediscovered whelping population of hooded seals Cystophora cristata Erxleben and its possible relationship to other populations. Polarforschung 44: 1-7.
Sergeant, D. E. 1976. History and present status of populations of harp and hooded seals. Biological Conservation 10: 95-118.
St. Aubin, D. J. 1990. Physiologic and toxic effects on pinnipeds. In: J. R. Geraci and D. J. St. Aubin (eds), Sea mammals and oil: confronting the risks, pp. 103-127. Academic Press, New York, USA.
Stenson, G. B., Myers, R. A., Ni, I. H. and Warren, W. G. 1996. Pup production of hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) in the Northwest Atlantic. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies 26: 105-114.
Sundt, R. C., Dahle, G. and Naevdal, G. 1994. Genetic-variation in the hooded seal, Cystophora cristata, based on enzyme polymorphism and multilocus DNA-fingerprinting. Hereditas 121: 147-155.
Tynan, C. T. and DeMaster, D. P. 1997. Observations and predictions of Arctic climate change potential effects of marine mammals. Arctic 50: 308-322.
Ulltang, Ø. and Øien, N. 1988. Bestandsutvikling ofg status for grønlands-sel og klappmyss (Population estimates and status of harp and hooded seals. In Norwegian). Fiskets Gantg 74: 8-10.
Waring, G. T., Josephson, E., Fairfield, C. P. and Maze-Foley, K. 2005. U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal stock assessments – 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum. NOAA.
Wiig, Ø. and Lie, R. W. 1984. An analysis of the morphological relationships between the hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) of Newfoundland, the Denmark Strait and Jan Mayen. Journal of Zoology (London) 203: 227-240.
Woodley, T. H. and Lavigne, D. M. 1991. Incidental capture of pinnipeds in commercial fishing gear. International Marine Mammal Association Technical Report 91-01: 35 pp.
|Citation:||Kovacs, K. (IUCN SSC Pinniped Specialist Group) 2008. Cystophora cristata. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 May 2013.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided|