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Fraxinus americana 

Scope: Global
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_onStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

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Bibliography [top]

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Cipollini, D. and Rigsby, C. 2015. Incidence of infestation and larval success of Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) on White Fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus), Chinese Fringetree (Chionanthus retusus), and Devilwood (Osmanthus americanus). Environmental Entomology 44(5): 1375-1383.

DeSantis, R., Moser, W., Gormanson, D., Bartlett, M. and Vermunt, B. 2013. Effects of climate change on emerald ash borer mortality and the potential for ash survival in North America. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 178-179: 120-128.

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Klooster, W., Herms, D., Knight, K., Herms, C., McCullough, D., Smith, A., Gandhi, K. and Cardina, J. 2014. Ash (Fraxinus spp.) mortality, regeneration, and seed bank dynamics in mixed hardwood forests following invasion by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis). Biological Invasions 16: 859-873.

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Kovacs, K.F., Haight, R.G., McCullough, D.G., Mercader, R.J., Siegert, N.W. and Liebhold, A.M. 2010. Cost of potential emerald ash borer damage in U.S. communities, 2009–2019. Ecological Economics 69: 569–578.

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Sobek-Swant, S., Kluza, D., Cuddington, K. and Lyons, D. 2012. Potential distribution of emerald ash borer: What can we learn from ecological niche models using Maxent and GARP? Forest Ecology and Management 281: 23-31.

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Citation: Jerome, D., Westwood, M., Oldfield, S. & Romero-Severson, J. 2017. Fraxinus americana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T61918430A61918432. . Downloaded on 11 December 2017.
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