Dalmatolacerta oxycephala


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Dalmatolacerta oxycephala
Species Authority: (Duméril and Bibron, 1839)
Common Name(s):
English Sharp-snouted Rock Lizard
Lacerta oxycephala Duméril and Bibron, 1839
Lacerta oxycephala Duméril & Bibron, 1839

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic, Rastko Ajtic, Milan Vogrin
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is present in Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean habitats in southern Croatia (including some Adriatic islands), southern Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Montenegro. It possibly also occurs in Albania but this requires confirmation. It has an elevational range of sea level to around 1,600m asl.
Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Montenegro
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can occur at high densities in suitable habitat.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a sun-loving species generally found in rocky areas, on cliffs and also on buildings in towns and villages. The females lay clutches of two to four eggs. It is quite an adaptable species.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It might have been traded in the past, but this is not occurring much anymore. A dam might be built that would affect the northern population of the species. Otherwise it is a relatively unthreatened species at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed on Annex III of the Bern Convention and is protected in some countries by national legislation. Its range includes several protected areas.

Bibliography [top]

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press., Princeton and Oxford.

Arnold, E. N., Arribas, O. and Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86.

Arribas, O.J. 1999. Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (Archaeolacerta Mertens, 1921, sensu lato) and their relationships among the eurasian lacertid radiation. Russ. J. Herpetol.: 1-22.

Bejaković, D., Aleksić, I., Crnobrnja-Isailović, J., Džukić, G. and Kalezić, M. 1995. Reproductive cycle and clutch size in female sharp-snouted rock lizard, Lacerta oxycephala. Amphibia-Reptilia 17: 73-77.

Bischoff, W. 1984. Lacerta oxycephala - Spitzkopfeidechse. In: Böhme, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta)., pp. 301-317. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Carranza, S., Arnold, E.N. and Amat, F. 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity: 57-77.

Crochet, P.-A. and Dubois, A. 2004. Recent changes in the taxonomy of European amphibians and reptiles. In: Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martínez Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M., Zuiderwijk, A. (ed.), Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Re-edition., Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martínez-Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M. and Zuiderwijk, A. 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europaea Herpetologica and Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Gorman, G.C., Soulé, M., Yang, S.Y. and Nevo, E. 1975. Evolutionary genetics of insular Adriatic lizards. Evolution: 52-71.

Henle, K. 1985. Ökologische, zoogeographische und systematische Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna Jugoslawiens. Salamandra: 229-251.

IUCN. 2009. European Species on the IUCN Red List. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org/europe. (Accessed: 22 June 2009).

Mayer, W. and Arribas, O.J. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of the European lacertid genera Archaeolacerta and Iberolacerta and their relationships to some other ‘Archaeolacertae’ (sensu lato) from Near East, derived from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of zoological Systematics and evolutionary Research: 157-161.

Richter, G. and Richter, K. 1991. Bemerkenswerte Beobachtungen an der Spitzkopfeidechse, Lacerta oxycephala Dumeril and Bibron, von Mljet, Jugoslawien. Die Eidechse: 2-4.

Sindaco, R. and Jeremčenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional atlas of the turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).

Tomović, Lj., Ajtić, R., Đoković, Đ. and Čitaković, D. 2000. New record of sharp-snouted rock lizard (Lacerta oxycephala) in Montenegro. Ekologija: 127 - 130.

Citation: Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic, Rastko Ajtic, Milan Vogrin 2009. Dalmatolacerta oxycephala. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 September 2015.
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