Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Cichlidae

Scientific Name: Maylandia estherae
Species Authority: (Konings, 1995)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Kasembe, J.
Reviewer(s): Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority) & Darwall, W. (Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme)
Endemic to Lake Malawi where it is known from only five restricted locations (Minos reef, Chilucha reef, Metangula, Nkhungu, and Masinje)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Endemic to Lake Malawi. Occurs on the eastern coast of Lake Malawi at Minos reef, Chilucha reef and also the southern tip of Metangula as well as at Nkhungu (Mozambique) and Masinje (Malawi).
Countries occurrence:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:No information available.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Occurs in sediment free rocky habitats, with the highest population density in water less than 10 m deep. Males are territorial and defend areas about 1 m in diameter. Feeds on algae from the rock surface at an angle of 90 degrees with the substrate. It is a polymorphic cichlid known as "Red Zebra" in the aquarium trade. Max. size: Largest recorded individual is 9.77 cm in total length.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Sedimentation. Collection for the aquarium trade. Subsistence fishing.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.2. Soil erosion, sedimentation
♦ timing: Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.

Konings, A. 1995. Description of Pseudotropheus estherae sp. nov., the well-known Red Zebra Cichlid from Lake Malawi. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 43(9): 206–210

Konings, A. 1995. Malawi Cichlids in their Natural Habitat. Second Edition. Cichlid Press, St. Leon-Rot, Germany.

Citation: Kasembe, J. 2006. Maylandia estherae. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61140A12443511. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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