Aptychotrema timorensis 

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Bibliography [top]

Haacke, V.W. 1885. Über eine neue Art uterinalar Brutpflege bei Wirbelthieren. Zoologischer Anzeiger 8(202), 488–490.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at:

Kyne, P.M. and Bennett, M.B. 2002. Reproductive biology of the eastern shovelnose ray, Aptychotrema rostrata (Shaw & Nodder, 1794), from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 53:583–589.

Last, P.R. 2004. Rhinobatos sainsburyi n.sp. and Aptychotrema timorensis n.sp.-Two new shovelnose rays (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from the Eastern Indian Ocean. Records of the Australian Museum 56:201–208.

Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Second Edition. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

White, W.T. and Dharmadi. 2007. Species and size compositions and reproductive biology of rays (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea) caught in target and non-target fisheries in eastern Indonesia. Journal of Fish Biology 70: 1809-1837.

Citation: Last, P.R., Kyne, P.M. & Sherman, C.S. 2015. Aptychotrema timorensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T60179A68609203. . Downloaded on 21 April 2018.
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