Map_thumbnail_large_font

Rhinoptera javanica

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Bibliography [top]

Anonymous. 2004. Report on the implementation of the UN FAO International Plan of Action for Sharks (IPOA?Sharks). AC20 Inf. 5. Twentieth meeting of the CITES Animals Committee, Johannesburg (South Africa), 29 March?2 April 2004.

Bianchi, G. 1985. Field guide to the commercial marine and brackish-water species of Tanzania. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1988. Myliobatidae. In: M. Smith & P.C. Heemstra (eds). Smiths? sea fishes. pp:132?134. Southern Book Publishers, Johannesburg

Compagno, L.J.V. and Last, P.R. 1999. Rhinopteridae. Cownose rays. In: K.E. Carpenter & V.H. Niem (eds). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). pp:1520–1523. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V., Ebert, D.A. and Smale, M.J. 1989. Guide to the sharks and rays of Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town. 160 pp.

Compagno, L.J.V., Last, P.R., Stevens, J.D. and Alava, M.N.R. 2005. Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes. CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report 243.

Henneman, R.F. 2001. Sharks and Rays, Elasmobranch guide of the world. IKAN-Unterwasserarchiv. Germany.

IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.

IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at: http://www.iucnssg.org/.

James, P.S.B.R. 1962. Observations on shoals of the Javanese Cownose ray Rhinoptera javanica Müller & Henle from the Gulf of Mannar, with additional notes on the species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 4(2):217–224.

Last, P. 1997. Chapter 7. Rays Field Guide. In: L. Taylor (ed.). The Nature Company guides - Sharks and rays. pp:200–225. Time-Life Books, USA.

Last, P.R. and Compagno, L.J.V. 2002. Review of the biodiversity of rays in the South China Sea and adjacent areas. In: S.L. Fowler, T.M. Reed and F.A. Dipper (eds). Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. pp: 64–69. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia.

Manjaji, B.M. 2002. New records of elasmobranch species from Sabah. In: S.L. Fowler, T.M. Reed and Dipper, F.A. (eds) Elasmobranch biodiversity, conservation and management. Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. pp. 70–77. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 25.

Masuda, H., Araga, C. & Yoshino, T. (eds). 1975. Coastal Fishes of Southern Japan. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. pp. 382.

Michael, S.W. 1993. Reef sharks and rays of the world. A guide to their identification, behavior and ecology. Sea Challengers, Monterey, California.

Sommer, C., Schneider, W. and Poutiers, J.M. 1996. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.

Vidthayanon, C. 2002. Elasmobranch diversity and status in Thailand. In: S.L. Fowler, T.M. Reed and F.A. Dipper (eds). Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. pp:104–113 IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK

Wallace, J.H. 1967. The batoid fishes of the east coast of southern Africa. II. Manta, eagle, duckbill, cownose, butterfly and sting rays. Investigational Report. Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban 16

Young, N. 2001. An analysis of the trends in by-catch of turtle species, angelsharks and batoid species in the protective gillnets off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. MSc thesis, University of Reading


Citation: Dudley, S.F.J, Kyne, P.M. & White, W.T. 2006. Rhinoptera javanica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 August 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided