Anonymous. 2004. Report on the implementation of the UN FAO International Plan of Action for Sharks (IPOA–Sharks). AC20 Inf. 5. Twentieth meeting of the CITES Animals Committee, Johannesburg (South Africa), 29 March–2 April 2004.
Bigelow, H.B. and Schroeder, W.C. 1953. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Part 2: Sawfishes, Guitarfishes, Skates and Rays; Chimaeroids. Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Bizzarro, J.B., Smith, W.D., Márquez-Farias, J.F. and Hueter, R.E. Submitted to Fishery Bulletin. Reproductive biology and artisanal fisheries for the golden cownose ray (Rhinoptera steindachneri) in the northern Mexican Pacific.
Blankenship, K. 1998. Bay's oysters, SAV fall victim to cownose rays' eating habits. Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay, Bay Journal: The Chesapeake Bay Newspaper 8 (8).
Clark, E. 1963. Massive aggregations of large rays and sharks in and near Sarasota, Florida. Zoologica 48:61–64.
Gallo-da-Silva, V., Afonso, A.F. and Leite Gomes, U. 1997. Estudo taxonómico das espécies de Rhinoptera Cuvier, 1829 ocorrêntes no litoral Brasileiro. Parte I: condroneurocrânio de exemplares jovens de Rhinoptera brasiliensis Müller & Henle, 1841 e Rhinoptera bonasus (Mitchill, 1815) (Elasmobranchii, Myliobatiformes, Rhinopteridae). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 69(4):585–600.
IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.
IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at: http://www.iucnssg.org/.
McEachran, J.D. and Séret, B. 1990. Rhinopteridae. In: J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds). Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). Volume 1. pp:71–72. JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris.
Neer, J.A. and Thompson, B.A. 2005. Life history of the cownose ray, Rhinoptera bonasus, in the northern Gulf of Mexico, with comments on geographic variability in life history traits. Environmental Biology of Fishes 73:321–331.
Orth, R.J. 1975. Destruction of eelgrass, Zostera marina, by the cownose ray, Rhinoptera bonasus, in the Chesapeake Bay. Chesapeake Science 16(3):205–208.
Peterson, C.H., Fodrie, F.J., Summerson, H.C. and Powers, S.P. 2001. Site-specific and density-dependent extinction of prey by schooling rays: generation of a population sink in top-quality habitat for bay scallops. Oecologia 129:349–356.
Rogers, C., Roden, C., Lohoefener, R., Mullin, K. and Hoggard, W. 1990. Behavior, distribution, and relative abundance of cownose ray schools Rhinoptera bonasus in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Northeast Gulf Science 11(1):69–76.
Schwartz, F.J. 1965. Inter-American migrations and systematics of the western Atlantic cownose ray, Rhinoptera bonasus. Meeting, Association of Island Marine Laboratories 6. (Abstract).
Schwartz, F.J. 1990. Mass migratory congregations and movements of several species of cownose rays, Genus Rhinoptera: A world-wide review. The Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 106(1):10–13.
Smith, J.W. and Merriner, J.V. 1985. Food habits and feeding behavior of the cownose ray, Rhinoptera bonasus, in lower Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries 8(3):305–310.
Smith, J.W. and Merriner, J.V. 1986. Observations on the reproductive biology of the cownose ray, Rhinopteras bonasus, in Chesapeake Bay. Fishery Bulletin 84 (4):871-877.
Smith, J.W. and Merriner, J.V. 1987. Age and growth, movements and distribution of the cownose ray, Rhinoptera bonasus, in Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries 10(2):153–164.
|Citation:||Barker, A.S. 2006. Rhinoptera bonasus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T60128A12310195. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|