Dendrobates tinctorius 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Dendrobates tinctorius (Cuvier, 1797)
Common Name(s):
English Dyeing Poison Frog, Dyeing Poison-arrow Frog, Tinging Frog
French Dendrobate À Tapirer
Calamita tinctorius (Cuvier, 1797)
Dendrobates tinctorius (Cuvier, 1797)
Dendrobates azureus Hoogmoed, 1969
Dendrobates machadoi Bokermann, 1958
Hyla tinctoria (Cuvier, 1797)
Hylaplesia tinctoria (Cuvier, 1797)
Rana tinctoria Cuvier, 1797
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: We follow Wollenberg et al. (2006) in considering Dendrobates azureus as a junior synonym of this species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-02-01
Assessor(s): Gaucher, P. & MacCulloch, R.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from the lowland forests of the Guianas and adjacent Brazil. A point locality map of its distribution in French Guiana is provided in Lescure and Marty (2001). It occurs up to 600m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Brazil; French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is locally common in French Guiana (Lescure and Marty, 2001). Elsewhere it is common but patchily distributed.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It inhabits the forest floor of tropical rainforest. Its eggs are laid out of water, and then the tadpoles are carried by the males to puddles (tree holes, etc) where they develop further.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is illegally collected for the pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range includes a few protected areas. This species breeds easily in captivity, and is found in zoos around the world.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:Yes
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

♦  Establishing ex-situ production *

Bibliography [top]

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de Vosjoli, P. 1995. Vivarium design. A tropical rainforest vivarium. Vivarium: 14-16.

Emmer, R. 1991. Husbandry and breeding of dart-poison frogs (Dendrobates auratus and D. tinctorius). Vivarium: 8-11, 18, 35.

Estupinan-T, R.A., Bernardi, J.A.R. and Galatti, U. 2001. La fauna anura en la floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã. In: Lisboa, P. (ed.), Caxiuanã, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém.

Evers, H.G. 1991. Der Bilderbogen. Farberfrosch Dendrobates tinctorius. Aquarium: 20-21.

Haas, A. 1995. Cranial features of dendrobatid larvae (Amphibia: Anura: Dendrobatidae). Journal of Morphology: 241-264.

Herrmann, H.J. 1995. Eine der variabelsten Arten der Baumsteiger. Der Farberfrosch, Dendrobates tinctorius. DATZ: 158-161.

Hoogmoed, M.S. and Ávila-Pires, T.C.S. 1988. Inventário preliminar da herpetofauna na região da Serra do Navio, Amapá, Brazil. Report not published.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Krintler, K. 1986. Dendrobates tinctorius - Pflege und Zucht. Aquarien und Terrarien Zeitschrift: 179-182.

Krintler, K. 1986. Dendrobates tinctorius (Schneider). Sauria: 57-60.

Krintler, K. 1996. Biotope der Farberfrosche Dendrobates tinctorius in Franzosisch Guayana. Biotopes of the poison frog, Dendrobates tinctorius, in French Guyana. Sauria: 29-34.

Lescure, J. 1976. Contribution a l'étude des amphibiens de Guyane francaise. VI. Liste préliminaire des anoures. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, France, 3 serie: 475-524.

Lescure, J. and Marty, C. 2000. Atlas des Amphibiens de Guyane. Patrimoines Naturels, Paris.

Lötters, S., Glaw, F., Kohler, J. and Castro, F. 1999. On the geographic variation of the advertisement call of Dendrobates histrionicus Berthold, 1845 and related forms from north-western South America (Anura: Dendrobatidae). Herpetozoa 12(1-2): 23-38.

Markert, R. and Schnabel, S. 1991. Haltung und Vermehrung einiger Dendrobatiden unter besonderer Berucksichtigung von Dendrobates tinctorius (Schneider 1799) und D. quinquevittatus (Steindachner 1864). Amphibienforschung und Vivarium, Naturhistorisches Museum Schloss Bertholdsburg.

Neeleman, W.J. 1985. Dendrobates - an endless hobby! Aquarium: 150-152.

Nichols, D.K., Lamirande, E.W., Pessier, A.P. and Longcore, J.E. 2001. Experimental transmission of cutaneous chytridiomycosis in dendrobatid frogs. Journal of Wildlife Diseases: 1-11.

Nogge, G. 2004. Jahresbericht 2003 der Aktiengesellschaft Zoologischer Garten Koeln. Annual report 2003 of Cologne Zoo. Zeitschrift des Koelner Zoo: 3-32.

Pfeiffer, J.S. 2003. Notes on poison dart frog breeding at the Little Rock Zoo. Animal Keepers' Forum: 415-418.

Rasmussen, A. 1989. Dendrobates tinctorius - distribution, care and breeding. Nordisk Herpetologisk Forening: 47-57.

Rasmussen, A. 1994. A little about poison frogs of French Guyana. Nordisk Herpetologisk Forening: 42-46.

Schmidt, M. 1989. Der Farberfrosch, Dendrobates tinctorius, aus Franzosisch-Guayana. Aquarium: 567-570.

Schmidt, M. 1997. Dendrobates tinctorius Schneider, 1799. Farberfrosch. Dendrobates tinctorius Schneider, 1799. The dyeing poison-arrow frog. Reptilia: 39-42.

Schneider, J.G. 1799. Historiae Amphibiorum Naturalis et Literariae, volume 1. Friedrich Frommann, Jena.

Silverstone, P.A. 1975. A revision of the poison-arrow frogs of the genus Dendrobates Wagler. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Bulletin 21: 1-55.

Van Ells, T., Stanton, J., Strieby, A., Daszak, P., Hyatt, A.D. and Brown, C. 2003. Use of immunohistochemistry to diagnose chytridiomycosis in Dyeing poison dart frogs (Dendrobates tinctorius). Journal of Wildlife Diseases: 742-745.

Veldkamp, H. 2000. Dendrobates tinctorius (Cuvier, 1797) de geelrugvarieteit. Dendrobates tinctorius (Cuvier 1797) a variety of frog. Lacerta: 73-76.

Walls, J.G. 1994. Dendrobates tinctorius, the dyeing poison frog. Tropical Fish Hobbyist: 234-236, 238.

Weygoldt, P. 1982. Durch Nachzucht erhalten: Der Farberfrosch Dendrobates tinctorius. Aquarien Magazin: 6-13.

Wollenberg, K.C., Veith, M., Noonan, B.P. and Lötters, S. 2006. Polymorphism Versus Species Richness - systematics of Large Dendrobates from the Eastern Guiana Shield (Amphibia: Dendrobatidae). Copeia 2006(4): 623-629.

Citation: Gaucher, P. & MacCulloch, R. 2010. Dendrobates tinctorius. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55204A11265402. . Downloaded on 23 June 2018.
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