Rucervus eldii


Bibliography [top]

Balakrishnan, C. N., Monfort, S. L., Gaur, A., Singh, L. and Sorenson, M. D. 2003. Phylogeography and conservation genetics of Eld's deer (Cervus eldi). Molecular Ecology 12: 1-10.

Bezuijen, M. R., Timmins, R. and Seng, T. (eds). In press. Biological surveys of the Mekong River between Kratie and Stung Treng Towns, northeast Cambodia, 2006-2007. WWF Greater Mekong Programme, Cambodia Fisheries Administration and Cambodia Forestry Administration, Phnom Penh.

Bhumpakphan, N., Sukmasuang, R. and Chaiyarat, R. 2004. Thailand: The crossroad where two Eld?s deer subspecies existed. In: B. Pukazhenthi (ed.), Workshop on Eld's deer conservation and restoration, pp. 10-14. Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chonburi, Thailand.

Bird, J. P., Mulligan, B. and Gilroy, J. 2006. Cambodia Ornithological Expedition, 2006 ? Final Report. Unpublished report to Wildlife Conservation Society Cambodia Program, Phnom Penh.

Boonsong, L. and McNeely, J. A. 1977. Mammals of Thailand. Kuruspha Ladprao Press, Bangkok, Thailand.

Dang Huy Huynh. 1990. The status of endangered deer in Vietnam. Center for Ecological and Biological Resources of Vietnam, Unpublished report.

Decoux, J. P. 1993. Saving the natural diversity of Eld?s deer: Global Herd Book. Museum of Natural History, Paris, France.

Duckworth, J. W., Poole, C. M., Tizard, R. J., Walston, J. L. and Timmins, R. J. 2005. The Jungle Cat Felis chaus in Indochina: A threatened population of a widespread and adaptable species. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 1263-1280.

Duckworth, J. W., Salter, R. E. and Khounbline, K. 1999. Wildlife in Lao PDR: 1999 Status Report. IUCN, Vientiane, Laos.

Eames, J., Nguyen Duc Tu, Le Trong Trai, Dang Ngoc Can, Ngo Van Tri, Hoang Duc Dat, Thai Ngoc Tri and Nguyen Thi Thu He. 2004. Draft Final Biodiversity Report for Yok Don National Park, Dak Lak Province. PARC Project VIE/95/G31&031, Government of Viet Nam (FPD)/UNOPS/UNDP/Scott Wilson Asia-Pacific Ltd., Ha Noi, Vietnam.

Gee, E. P. 1961. The brow antlered deer of Manipur. Oryx 6: 103?115.

Green, M. 1990. Wetland conservation in the Manipur valley: report on a preliminary visit to Manipur. WWF Project 4001/17. Unpublished.

Groves, C. 2006. The genus Cervus in eastern Eurasia. European Journal of Wildlife Research 52: 14-22.

Grubb, P. 2005. Artiodactyla. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), pp. 637-722. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Henshaw, J., Long, B. and Song Chan Socheat. 2002. A survey for evidence of Eld?s deer Cervus eldii. In: J. C. Daltry (ed.), Social and ecological surveys of Phnom Aural Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, pp. 73-84. Fauna and Flora International Cambodia Programme, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Hussain, S. A., Singsit, S., Vaiphei, Ngailian, et al. 2006. The brow antlered deer of Manipur Cervus eldi eldi, McClelland 1842: A review of their status, ecology and conservation. Indian Forester 132(12): 40-50.

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Johnson, A., Vongkhamheng, C. and McShea, W. 2004. The road to recovery: status of Eld?s deer (Cervus eldi siamensis) in Lao PDR. In: B. Pukazhenthi (ed.), Workshop on Eld's Deer Conservation and Restoration, pp. 7-8. Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chonburi, Thailand.

Khan, I. A., Prasad, S. N. and Mathur, P. K. 1993. Survey of Keibul Lamjao and potential rehabilitation site in Assam for captive population. Unpublished from Wildlife Institute of India.

Koy, K., McShea, W. J., Leimgruber, P., Haack, B. N. and Myint Aung. 2005. Percentage canopy cover ? using Landsat imagery to delineate habitat for Myanmar's endangered Eld's deer (Cervus eldi). Animal Conservation 8: 289-296.

Lekagul, B. and Mcneely, J. A. 1988. Mammals of Thailand. White Lotus Press, Bangkok, Thailand.

Le Xuan Canh, Pham Trong Anh, Duckworth, J. W., Vu Ngoc Thanh and Lic Vuthy. 1997. A survey of large mammals in Dak Lak Province, Viet Nam. Unpublished report to IUCN and WWF. Hanoi, Viet Nam.

McShea, W. J. and Myint Aung. 2001. The status of Eld's deer (Cervus eldi thamin) populations in Myanmar. In: N. Manchard, C. Mauget (ed.), Global Herdbook of Eld's Deer, pp. 15-21. Museum National d'Histoire Nauturelle, Paris, France.

McShea, W. J., Koy, K., Clements, T., Johnson, A., Vongkhamheng, C. and Myint Aung. 2005. Finding a needle in a haystack: regional analysis of suitable Eld's deer (Cervus eldi) forest in Southest Asia. Biological Conservation 125: 101-111.

McShea, W. J., Leimgruber, P., Myint Aung, Monfort, S. and Wemmer, C. 1999. Range collapse of a tropical cervid (Cervus eldi) and the extent of remaining habitat in central Myanmar. Animal Conservation 2(3): 173-183.

McShea, W. J., Myint Aung, Poszig, D., Wemmer, C. and Monfort, S. 2001. Forage, habitat use, and sexual segregation by a tropical deer species (Cervus eldi thamin) in a dipterocarp forest. Journal of Mammalogy 82: 848-857.

Myint Aung. 1990. A proposal for ecological study and conservation of brow-antlered deer (Cervus eldi thamin) in Myanmar (Myanmar). Forest Department, Myanmar.

Myint Aung. 1994. Field notes on thamin in Myanmar. Wildlife and Sanctuaries Division, Forest Department, Yangon, Myanmar.

Myint Aung. 2004. A Recent Country-wide Survey of Eld?s Deer in Myanmar. In: B. Pukazhenthi (ed.), Workshop on Eld's Deer Conservation and Restoration, pp. 24-26. Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chonburi, Thailand.

Myint Aung, McShea, W. J., Htung, S., Soe, T. M., Monfort, S. and Wemmer, C. 2001. Ecology and social organization of a tropical deer (Cervus eldi thamin). Journal of Mammalogy 82: 836-847.

Nguyen Xuan Dang and Nguyen Thi Thuy. 2004. Status and conservation of Eld's deer (Cervus eldii) in Vietnam. In: B. Pukazhenthi (ed.), Workshop on Eld's Deer Conservation and Restoration, pp. 27-30. Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chonburi, Thailand.

Olivier, R. and Woodford, M. 1994. Aerial surveys for Kouprey in Cambodia March 1994. IUCN/SSC, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Pang, J.-F., Hoelzel, A. R., Song, Y.-L., Zeng, Z.-H. and Zhang, Y.-P. 2003. Lack of mtDNA control region variation in Hainan Eld?s deer: consequence of a recent population bottleneck? Conservation Genetics 4: 109?112.

Pitra, C., Fickel, J., Meijaard, E. and Groves, C. 2004. Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 880-895.

Pocock, R. I. 1943. The larger deer of British India. Part II. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 43: 553-572.

Prescott, J. 1987. The status of the Thailand brow-antlered deer (Cervus eldi siamensis,/i>) in captivity. Mammalia 51(4): 571-577.

Ranjitsinh, M. K. 1996. Survey of the status of the Manipur brow-antlered deer (Cervus eldi eldi, M´Clelland, 1842) in the Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur, April 1995. IUCN/SSC Deer Specialist Group Newsletter No. 13.

Ranjitsinh, S. 1978. The Manipur brow-antlered deer (Cervus eldi eldi) ? a case history. Proceedings of the IUCN Threatened Deer Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Morges, Switzerland.

Rao, M., Rabinowitz, A. R. and Khaing, S. T. 2002. Status review of the protected-area system in Myanmar, with recommendations for conservation planning. Conservation Biology 16(2): 360.

Ratajszczak, R. 1991. The distribution and status of deer in Vietnam.

Round, P. D. 1998. Wildlife, habitats and priorities for conservation in Dong Khanthung proposed National Biodiversity Conservation Area, Champasak Province, Lao PDR. WCS/CPAWM, Vientiane.

Salter, R. E. and Sayer, J. A. 1986. The brow-antlered deer in Myanmar ? its distribution and status. Oryx 20(4): 241?245.

Sanjit, L., Bhatt, D. and Sharma, R. K. 2005. Habitat heterogeneity of the Loktak Lake, Manipur. Current Science 88(7): 1027-1028.

Sharma, S. C. 1994. Listing of sangai in Indian zoos as of March 1994. In: Anonymous (ed.), Manipur brow-antlered deer (Cervus eldi eldi), Report on the population and habitat viability assessment, Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, Forest Dept. of Manipur, Indian Zoo Directors? Association, Zoo Outreach Organization, Captive Breeding Specialist Group, Sangai.

Singh, K. M. S. 1983. The biology of brow antlered deer Cervus eldi eldi at Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur. Paper presented at Bombay Natural History Society Centenary Symposium.

Singh, S. 2004. Brow antlered deer (Cervus eldi eldi) in Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur, India. In: B. Pukazhenthi (ed.), Workshop on Eld's Deer Conservation and Restoration, pp. 19-23. Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chonburi, Thailand.

Singsit, S. 1994. Ground census report of sangai held on 9/3/94 and 10/3/94 at Keibul Lamjao National Park.

Siriaroonrat, B. 2004. Status and genetics of captive Eld's deer. In: B. Pukazhenthi (ed.), Workshop on Eld's Deer Conservation and Restoration, pp. 5-6. Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chonburi, Thailand.

Song, Y.-L. 1993. The causes for population size and distribution range changes of Hainan Eld?s deer during forty years. In: W. P. Xia and J. Zhang (eds), The Successional Changes of Mammals in China under the Influences of Human Activities, pp. 102?107. China Science and Technology Press, Beijing, China.

Song, Y.-L. 1996. Population viability analysis for two isolated populations of Hainan Eld?s deer. Conservation Biology 10(5): 1467?1472.

Song, Y.-L. and Zeng, Z.-G. 2004. Historical and present status of Eld?s deer in Hainan, China. In: B. Pukazhenthi (ed.), Workshop on Eld's Deer Conservation and Restoration, pp. 9. Zoological Parks Organization of Thailand, Dusit Zoo, Bangkok, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chonburi, Thailand.

Thomas, O. 1918. The nomenclature and the geographical forms of the panolia deer (Rucervus eldi) and its relatives. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 23: 363-367.

Thouless, C. 1987. Kampuchean wildlife ? survival against the odds. Oryx 21(4): 223?228.

Timmins, R. J. 2006. An assessment of the biodiversity conservation significance of the Mekong Ramsar site, Stung Treng, Cambodia. Mekong Wetlands Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use Programme, Stung Treng, Cambodia.

Timmins, R. J. and Ou Rattanak. 2001. The importance of Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and adjacent areas for the conservation of tigers and other key species. WWF Indochina Programme, Hanoi, Vietnam and Phonm Penh, Cambodia.

Timmins, R. J., Pech Bunnat and Prum Sovanna. 2003. An assessment of the conservation importance of the Western Siem Pang area, Stung Treng Province, Cambodia. WWF Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Tordoff, A. W., Timmins, R. J., Maxwell, A., Huy Keavuth, Lic Vuthy and Khou Eang Hourt (eds). 2005. Biological assessment of the Lower Mekong Dry Forests Ecoregion. pp. 192 pp.. WWF Greater Mekong Programme., Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Walker, S. and Marimuthu, R. 1991. The 1990?1991 status and management update for Manipur brow-antlered deer in Indian zoological gardens. Zoo?s Print Magazine 6(4): 7.

Wemmer, C. 1995. Annual Report: Conservation & Research Center, Smithsonian Institution, National Zoological Park. Smithsonian Institute, Front Royal, Virginia, USA.

Wemmer, C. 1998. Deer Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wemmer, C. and Grodinsky, C. 1988. Reproduction in captive female brow-antlered deer (Cervus eldi thamin). Journal of Mammalogy 69(2): 389?393.

Wharton, C. H. 1957. An Ecological Study of the Kouprey (Novibos sauveli Urbain). Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Monograph 5, Manila, Philippines.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1992. Status of threatened deer within protected areas: a contribution to the IUCN/SSC Action Plan. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK.

Yuan, X., Lu, B., Chen, W., Liu, Z., Lu, C., Yun, D. and Chen, K. 1993. Population dynamics of Hainan Eld?s deer in the State Datian Nature Reserve, Hainan Island. In: N. Ohtaishi and H. I. Sheng (eds), Deer of China: Biology and Management. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Deer of China, pp. 249?257. Elsevier, Oxford, UK.

Zeng, Z.-G., Song, Y.-L., Li, J.-S., Teng, L.-W., Zhang, Q. and Guo, F. 2005. Distribution, status and conservation of Hainan Eld?s deer (Cervus eldi hainanus) in China. Folia Zoologica 54(3): 249?257.

Citation: Timmins, R.J. & Duckworth, J.W. 2008. Rucervus eldii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided