Odocoileus virginianus


Bibliography [top]

Baker, R. H. 1984. Origin, classification and distribution. In: L.K. Halls (ed.), White-tailed Deer: Ecology and Management, pp. 1-18. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.

Bello, J., Gallina, S. and Equihua, M. 2004. Movements of white tailed deer and their relationship with precipitation in the northeastern of México. Interciencia 29: 357-361.

Brokx, P. A. 1984. White-tailed deer of South America. In: L.K. Halls (ed.), Ecology and Management of the White-Tailed Deer, pp. 525-546. Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, PA.

Danields, H. 1991. Biología y habitat del venado caramerudo. El venado en Venezuela: conservación, manejo, aspectos biológicos y legales, pp. 59-66. FUDECI/PROFAUNA/FEDECAVE, Caracas, Venezuela.

Ffolliott, P. F. and Gallina, S. (eds). 1981. Deer biology, habitat requirements and Management in Western North America. Instituto de Ecología, A. C., México, D.F.

Hesselton, W. T. and Hesselton, R. M. 1982. White-tailed deer. In: J. A.Chapman and G. A. Feldhame (eds), Wild Mammals of North America, pp. 878-901. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Marchinton, R. L. and Hirth, D. H. 1984. Behavior. In: L. K. Halls (ed.), White-tailed Deer: Ecology and Management, pp. 129-168. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.

Mendez, E. 1984. White-tailed deer populations and habitats of Mexico and Central America. In: L.K. Halls (ed.), White-tailed Deer: Ecology and Management, pp. 513-524. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.

Molina, M. and Molinari, J. 1999. Taxonomy of Venezuelan white-tailed deer (Odocoileus, Cervidae, Mammalia), based on cranial and mandibular traits. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77: 632-645.

Sánchez-Rojas, G., Gallina, S. and Mandujano, S. 1997. Area de actividad y uso del hábitat de dos venados cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus) en un bosque tropical de la costa de Jalisco, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 72: 39-54.

Smith, W. P. 1991. Odocoileus virginianus. Mammalian Species 388: 1-13.

Teer, J. 1991. The white-tailed deer: natural history and management principles. El venado en Venezuela: conservación, manejo, aspectos biológicos y legales, pp. 17-27. FUDECI, PROFAUNA, FEDECAVE.

Villarreal, J. 1999. Venado Cola Blanca: manejo y aprovechamiento cinegético. Unión Ganadera Regional de Nuevo León.

Whitehead, K. G. 1993. The Whitehead Encyclopedia of Deer. Voyageur Press, Inc, Stillwater, MN, USA.

Citation: Gallina, S. & Lopez Arevalo, H. 2008. Odocoileus virginianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2014.
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