Abies firma 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies firma
Species Authority: Siebold & Zucc.
Common Name(s):
English Momi Fir
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-12-16
Assessor(s): Katsuki, T., Zhang, D, Rushforth, K. & Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Page, C.
Although there has undoubtedly been a decrease in Abies firma's area of occupancy over the past two or three generations, this is from a large basis and does not cause current concern for the species. Accordingly it is assessed as Least Concern
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Recorded to occur on the Japanese islands of Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Yakushima.
Countries occurrence:
Japan (Honshu, Kyushu, Nansei-shoto, Shikoku)
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:4800
Lower elevation limit (metres):50
Upper elevation limit (metres):1200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Occurs as scattered trees or small groups over much of its range, with larger stands in the remainder. General slight decline in past, but future decline projected as probably not more than 5-10% over a period of 100 years
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Yes
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Abies firma occurs on hills and in mountains of southern and central Japan, at elevations between 50 and 1,900 m a.s.l. (commonly 300 and 1,000 m). The soils are various mountain soils of volcanic origin or alluvial, and mesic. The climate is moist or wet, cool in the north of its range and warm temperate in the south, with annual precipitation above 1,000 mm. This species is a constituent of mixed forests (rarely in pure stands on dry sites) with e.g. Fagus crenata, F. japonica, Castanea crenata, Carpinus laxifolia, Quercus spp., Tsuga sieboldii, Pinus parviflora, P. densiflora, Pseudotsuga japonica, Abies homolepis, Cryptomeria japonica, Sciadopitys verticillata, Chamaecyparis obtusa, Torreya nucifera and Picea jezoensis ssp. hondoensis.
Generation Length (years):50

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Momi Fir is the most common and widespread fir in southern Japan and is regarded as an important timber tree. Its wood is light, soft and straight-grained and easily worked, but requires careful seasoning to prevent warping. It is used for carpentry making indoor framing, flooring, joinery, crates, boxes, etc., but the greatest quantities of its timber are converted to paper pulp. In plantation forestry it is only common in Japan, where old growth stands of this large fir have mostly been logged. Elsewhere, it is only used as an ornamental tree or planted in collections in arboreta and botanic gardens, requiring a climate with mild winters and abundant rainfall.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Natural forest areas near towns are declining so there is an on-going risk of loss of forest habit, taking Abies firma with it.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Included in some protected areas as part of wider natural forest protection.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
2. Land/water management -> 2.3. Habitat & natural process restoration

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score: Low Impact: 5 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.2. Wood & pulp plantations -> 2.2.2. Agro-industry plantations
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score: Low Impact: 5 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion

3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

♦  Fibre
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

♦  Construction or structural materials
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

♦  Establishing ex-situ production *

Bibliography [top]

Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK Available at: http://www.catalogueoflife.org/.

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Citation: Katsuki, T., Zhang, D, Rushforth, K. & Farjon, A. 2013. Abies firma. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42282A2969505. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
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