Abies alba 

Scope: Global & Europe
Language: English

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Bibliography [top]

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Ellenberg, H. 1988. Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

EUNIS. 2014. Biodiversity Database. Available at: (Accessed: 2014).

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Farjon, A. and Filer, D. 2013. An Atlas of the World's Conifers. Brill, Leiden/Boston.

Feurdean, A. and Willis, K.J. 2008. Long-term variability of Abies alba in NW Romania: implications for its conservation management. Diversity and Distributions 14: 1004-1017.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: (Accessed: 14 September 2017).

Mauri, A., de Rigo, D. and Caudullo, G. 2016. Abies alba in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz,J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T. and Mauri, A. (eds), European Atlas of Forest Tree Species, Publication Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

Oliva, J. and Colinas, C. 2007. Decline of Silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) stands in the Spanish Pyrenees: Role of management, historic dynamics and pathogens. Forest Ecology and Management 252: 84-97.

PFAF. 2014. Plants for a future. Available at:

Wolf, H. 2003. EUFORGEN Technical Guidelines for genetic conservation and use for Silver fir (Abies alba). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2017. Abies alba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T42270A83978869. . Downloaded on 22 July 2018.
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