Abies alba 


Bibliography [top]

BGCI. 2013. Botanic Gardens Conservation International: Plant Search. Available at:

Ellenberg, H. 1988. Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

EUNIS. 2014. Biodiversity Database. Available at: (Accessed: 2014).

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Farjon, A. and Filer, D. 2013. An Atlas of the World's Conifers. Brill, Leiden/Boston.

Feurdean, A. and Willis, K.J. 2008. Long-term variability of Abies alba in NW Romania: implications for its conservation management. Diversity and Distributions 14: 1004-1017.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Oliva, J. and Colinas, C. 2007. Decline of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) stands in the Spanish Pyrenees: Role of management, historic dynamics and pathogens. Forest Ecology and Management 252: 84-97.

PFAF. 2014. Plants for a future. Available at:

Wolf, H. 2003. EUFORGEN Technical Guidelines for genetic conservation and use for silver fir (Abies alba). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2014. Abies alba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T42270A55012688. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.
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