Ables, E.D. 1974. The Axis Deer in Texas. The Caeser Kleberg Research Programme and The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. A & M University System, Texas.
Andheria, A., Karanth, K.U. and Kumar, N.S. 2007. Diet and prey profiles of three sympatric large carnivores in Bandipur Tiger Reserve in India. Journal of Zoology (London) 273: 169–175.
Bagchi, S., Goyal, S.P. and Sankar, K. 2003. Prey abundance and prey selection by tigers (Panthera tigris) in a semi-arid, dry deciduous forest in western India. Journal of Zoology (London) 260: 285-290.
Bali, A., Kumar, A. and Krishnaswamy, J. 2007. The mammalian communities in coffee plantations around a protected area in the Western Ghats, India. Biological Conservation 139: 93-102.
Banerji, J. 1955. Wild animals in the Andaman islands. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 55: 256.
Barrette, C. 1985. Antler eating and antler growth in wild Axis deer. Mammalia 41: 1-34.
Barrette, C. 1991. The size of Axis deer fluid groups in Wilpattu National Park, Sri Lanka. Mammalia 55: 207-220.
Berwick, S.H. 1974. The community of wild ruminants in the Gir forest ecosystem. Yale University.
Bhat, S.D. and Rawat, G.S. 1995. Habitat use by Chital Axis axis in Dhaulkhand, Rajaji National Park, India. Tropical Ecology 36: 177-189.
Biswas, S. and Sankar, K. 2002. Prey abundance and food habit of tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) in Pench National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Zoology (London) 256: 411-420.
De, R.C. and Spillit, J.J. 1966. A study of the Chital or spotted deer in Corbett National Park, Uttar Pradesh. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 63: 576-598.
Dinerstein, E. 1980. An ecological survey of the Royal Karnali-Bardia wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Part III: Ungulate populations. Biological Conservation 16: 5-38.
Eisenberg, J.F. and Lockhart, M. 1972. An ecological reconnaisance of Wilpattu National Park, Ceylon. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 101: 1-118.
Eisenberg, J.F. and Seidensticker, J. 1976. Ungulates in Southern Asia: a consideration of biomass estimates for selected habitats.: 293-308.
Fuchs, E.R. 1977. Behaviour. In: E.B. Ables (ed.), The axis deer in Texas, pp. 24-52. Ceasar Kleberg, Texas.
Gee, E.P. 1964. The Wild Life of India. Collins, London, UK.
Grubb, P. 2005. Artiodactyla. In: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder (ed.), Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), pp. 637-722. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
Hiremath, A.J. and Sundaram, B. 2005. The fire-lantana cycle hypothesis in Indian forests. Conservation and Society 3: 26-42.
IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 November 2015).
Jathanna, D., Karanth, K.U. and Johnsingh, A.J.T. 2003. Estimation of large herbivore densities in the tropical forests of southern India using distance sampling. Journal of Zoology (London) 261: 285.
Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1983. Large mammalian prey-predators in Bandipur. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 80(1): 1-57.
Johnsingh, A.J.T., Qureshi, Q., Goyal, S.P., Rawat, G.S., Ramesh, K., David, A., Rajapandian, K. and Prasad, S. 2004. Conservation Status of Tiger and Associated Species in the Terai Arc Landscape, India.
Karanth, K.K., Nichols, J.D., Karanth, K.U., Hines, J.E. and Christensen, N.L. 2010. The shrinking ark: patterns of large mammal extinctions in India. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 277: 1971-1979 277:: 1971-1979.
Karanth, K.U. and Kumar, N.S. 2005. Distribution and dynamics of tiger and prey populations in Maharashtra, India. Final Technical Report. Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bangalore, India.
Karanth, K.U. and Nichols, J.D. 2000. Ecological status and conservation of tigers in India. Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bangalore, India.
Karanth, K.U. and Sunquist, M.E. 1992. Population structure, density and biomass of large herbivores in the tropical forests of Nagarahole, India. Journal of Tropical Ecology 8: 21.
Karanth, K.U. and Sunquist, M.E. 1995. Prey selection by tiger, leopard and dhole in tropical forests. Journal of Animal Ecology 64: 439-450.
Karanth, K.U., Kumar, N.S., Nichols, J.D., Link, W.A. and Hines, J.E. 2004. Tigers and their prey: Predicting carnivore densities from prey abundance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101: 4854-4858.
Karanth, K.U. Meta-population dynamics of tigers in the Malenad-Mysore Landscape of Karnataka. Annual Report January-December 2011. Centre for Wildlife studies, Bangalore, India.
Karanth, K.U., Sunquist, M.E., Chinnappa, K.M., Seidensticker, J., Christie, S. and Jackson, P. 1999. Long-term monitoring of tigers: lessons from Nagarahole. Riding the tiger: Tiger conservation in human-dominated landscapes, pp. 114. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Khan, J.A. 1996. Factors governing habitat occupance of ungulates in Gir Lion sanctuary, Gujarat, India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Science 22: 73-83.
Khan, J.A., Chellam, R. and Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1995. Group size and age-sex composition of three major ungulate species in Gir Lion Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 92: 295-302.
Khan, J.A., Chellam, R., Rodgers, W.A. and Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1996. Ungulate densities and biomass in the tropical dry deciduous forests of Gir, Gujarat, India. Journal of Tropical Ecology 12(1): 149.
Krishnan, M. 1972. An ecological survey of the larger mammals of peninsular India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69: 322-349.
Kryštufek, B. 1999. Mammals of Slovenia [In Slovenian with English summary]. Prirodoslovni Muzej Slovenije, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Kumar, N.S. 2000. Ungulate density and biomass in the tropical semi-arid forest of Ranthambore, India. Pondicherry University.
Kumar, N.S. 2010. Assessment of distribution and abundance of ungulate prey using spatial models in Nagarahole and Bandipure Tiger Reserves of India. A Ph. D. dissertation. Manipal Unversity.
Madhusudan, M.D. 2004. Recovery of wild large herbivores following livestock decline in a tropical Indian wildlife reserve. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 858–869.
Madhusudan, M.D. 2005. The global village: linkages between international coffee markets and grazing by livestock in a south Indian wildlife reserve. Conservation Biology 19: 411–420.
Madhusudan, M.D. and Karanth, K.U. 2000. Hunting for an answer: is local hunting compatible with large mammal conservation in India? In: J.G. Robinson and E.L. Bennett (eds), Hunting for sustainability in the tropics, pp. 339–355. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.
Madhusudan, M.D. and Karanth, K.U. 2002. Local hunting and the conservation of large mammals in India. Ambio 31(1): 49-54.
Mathai, M. 1999. Habitat occupancy across anthropogenic disturbances by sympatric ungulate species in Panna Tiger Reserve. Saurashtra University.
Menon, R.K. 1982. Observations on cheetal in Guindy National Park, Madras. Cheetal 24(1): 37-40.
Mishra, H.R. 1982. The ecology and behaviour of Chital (Axis axis) in the Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Thesis, University of Edinburg.
Mitchell-Jones, A.J., Amori, G., Bogdanowicz, W., Kryštufek, B., Reijnders, P.J.H., Spitzenberger, F., Stubbe, M., Thissen, J.B.M., Vohralik, V. and Zima, J. 1999. The Atlas of European Mammals. Academic Press, London, UK.
Moe, S. and Wegge, P. 1994. Spacing behavior and habitat use of Axis deer (Axis axis) in lowland Nepal.
Moe, S.R. and Wegge, P. 1997. The effects of cutting and burning on grass quality and axis deer (Axis axis) use of grassland in lowland Nepal. Journal of Tropical Ecology 13: 279–292.
Naess, K.J. and Andersen, H.J. 1993. Assessing census techniques for wild ungulates in Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. Thesis, Agricultural University of Norway.
Pariwakam, M.P. 2006. Estimation of abundance and fawn survival in chital (Axis axis) populations using photographic capture-recapture sampling. Thesis, The Manipal Academy of Higher Education.
Patel, A.H. 1992. Are Chital stags more vulnerable to dhole predation than does? Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 89: 153-155.
Raman, T.R.S. 1996. Factors influencing seasonal and monthly changes in the group size of Chital or axis deer in southern India. Journal of Biosciences 22: 203-218.
Raman, T.R.S. 2013. The Chital (Axis axis Erxleben). University Press.
Raman, T.R.S., Menon, R.K.G. and Sukumar, R. 1996. Ecology and management of Chital and blackbuck in Guindy National Park, Madras. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 93: 178-192.
Sankar, K. 1994. The ecology of three large sympatric herbivores (Chital, sambar and nilgai) with special reference for reserve management in Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan. University of Rajasthan.
Sankar, K. and Acharya, B. 2004. Chital (Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777)). ENVIS Bulletin (Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun) 7: 171–180.
Santiapillai, C. and Wijeyamohan, S. 2003. The impact of civil war on wildlife in Sri Lanka. Current Science 84: 1182–1183.
Schaller, G.B. 1967. The Deer and the Tiger. A Study of Wildlife in India. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.
Seidensticker, J. 1976. Ungulate populations in Chitawan valley, Nepal. Biological Conservation 10: 183-210.
Sharatchandra, H.C. and Gadgil, M. 1975. A year of Bandipur. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 72: 623-647.
Sharma, D. and Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1995. Management of wild ungulates and lion habitats in Gir lion sanctuary. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.
Siddique, I. 2010. Predicting tiger (Panthera tigris) densities based on prey abundance in disturbed forests of Kwal. Msc Thesis. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, India.
Stanford, J. K. 1951. Crab-eating Chital. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 50: 398-399.
|Citation:||Duckworth, J.W., Kumar, N.S., Anwarul Islam, M., Sagar Baral, H. & Timmins, R. 2015. Axis axis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T41783A22158006.Downloaded on 23 April 2018.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|