Platanista gangetica 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Ahmed, B. 2000. Water Development and the Status of the Shushuk (Platanista gangetica) in Southeast Bangladesh. In: R. R. Reeves, B. D. Smith and T. Kasuya (eds), Biology and Conservation of Freshwater Cetaceans in Asia<, pp. 62-66. IUCN Species Survival Commission Occasional Paper 23, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Anderson, J. 1879. Anatomical and Zoological Researches: Comprising an Account of Zoological Results of the Two Expeditions to Western Yunnan in 1868 and 1875; and a Monograph of the Two Cetacean Genera, Platanista and Orcella. Bernard Quaritch, London, UK.

Baruah, D., Hazarika, L.P., Bakalial, B., Borah, S., Dutta R., and Biswas S.P. 2012. A grave danger for the Ganges dolphin (Platanista gangetica, Roxburgh) in the Subansiri River due to a large hydroelectric project. Environmentalist 32: 85-90.

Bashir, T., Khan, A., Behera S.K., and Gautam, P. 2012. Factors determining occupancy of Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) during differing river discharges in the upper Ganges, India. Mammalia 76(4): 417-426.

Bhatti, M. U. and Pilleri, G. 1982. Status of the Indus Dolphin population (Platanista indi Blyth 1859) between Sukkur and Guddu Barrages in 1979-1980. Investigations on Cetacea 13: 245-52.

Blyth, E. 1859. On the rorqual of the Indian Ocean, with notices of other cetals, and of the sirenia or marine pachyderms. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 28: 481-498.

Braulik, G. 2006. Status assessment of the Indus River dolphin, Platanista gangetica minor, March-April 2001. Biological Conservation 129: 579-590.

Braulik, G. T. 2002. Entrapment of Indus Dolphins (Platanista minor) in irrigation canals: incidence, implications and solutions. Document SC/52/SM9. International Whaling Commission, Scientific Committee, Cambridge, UK.

Braulik, G. T. 2003. Indus dolphin conservation project. Comprehensive survey and status report. March-April, 2001. Report for the World Wide Fund for Nature. Lahore, Pakistan.

Braulik, G.T., Arshad, M., Noureen U., and Northridge, S. 2014. Habitat fragmentation and species extirpation in freshwater ecosystems: causes of range decline of the Indus River dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor). PloS one, 9(7), p.e101657.

Braulik, G.T., Barnett, R., Odon, V., Islas-Villanueva, V., Hoelzel A.R., and Graves J.A. 2014. One Species or Two? Vicariance, Lineage Divergence and Low mtDNA Diversity in Geographically Isolated Populations of South Asian River Dolphin. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 22(1): 111-120.

Braulik, G.T., Bhatti, Z.I., Ehsan, T., Hussain, B., Khan, A.R., Khan, A., Khan, U., Kundi, K., Rajput, R., Reichert, A.P., Northridge, S.P., Bhaagat H.B., and Garstang R. 2012. Robust abundance estimate for endangered river dolphin subspecies in South Asia. Endangered Species Research 17: 201-215.

Braulik, G.T., Noureen, U., Arshad M., andReeves R.R. 2015. Review of status, threats, and conservation management options for the endangered Indus River blind dolphin. Biological Conservation 192: 30-41.

Braulik, G.T., Reichert, A.P., Ehsan, T., Khan, S., Northridge, S.P., Alexander and Garstang J.S.R. 2012. Habitat use by a freshwater dolphin in the low-water season. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22: 533-546.

Brownell Jr., R. L. 1984. Review of reproduction in platanistid dolphins. Reports of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 6: 149-158.

Chaudhary, S., Dey, S., Sagar, V., Nair T., and Kelkar, N. 2012. River dolphin distribution in regulated river systems: implications for dry-season flow regimes in the Gangetic basin. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22: 11-25.

Chowdhury, M.R., Mitra, S., Sen, S. 2016. On the behaviour, abundance, habitat use and potential threats of the Gangetic Dolphin Platanista gangetica in southern West Bengal, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8: 9131-9137.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: (Accessed: 7 December 2017).

Jones, S. 1982. The present status of the gangetic susu, Platanista gangetica (Roxburgh), with comments on the Indus susu, P. minor Owen.

Kannan, K., Ramu, K., Kajiwara, N., Sinha R.K., and Tanabe S. 2005. Organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and Polybrominated biphenyl ethers in Irrawaddy dolphins from India. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 49: 415-420.

Kannan, K., Senthilkumar, K. and Sinha, R. K. 1997. Sources and accumulation of butyltin compounds in Ganges River Dolphin, Platanista gangetica. Applied organometallic chemistry 11(3): 223-230.

Kannan, K., Sinha, R. K., Tanabe, S., Ichihashi, H. and Tatsukawa, R. 1993. Heavy metals and organochlorine residues in Ganges River dolphins from India. Marine Pollution Bulletin 26: 159-162.

Kannan, K., Tanabe, S., Tatsukawa, R. and Sinha, R. K. 1994. Biodegradation capacity and residue pattern of organochlorines in the Ganges River Dolphins from India. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 42: 249– 261.

Kasuya, T. and Haque, A. K. M. 1972. Some informations on the distribution and seasonable movement of the Ganges dolphin. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute (Tokyo) 24: 109-115.

Kasuya, T. and Nishiwaki, M. 1975. Recent status of the population of Indus dolphin. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute (Tokyo) 27: 81-94.

Kelkar, N., Krishnaswamy, J., Choudhary S., and Sutaria D. 2010. Coexistence of fisheries with river dolphin conservation. Conservation Biology 24(4): 1130-1140.

Mansur, R.M., Alom, Z., Smith B.D., and Akhtar F. 2014. Rivers for Life - Proceedings of the International Symposium on River Biodiversity: Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna River System R. K. Sinha and B. Ahmed, IUCN: 124-128.

Mishra, D. K. 1999. Above the danger mark. Himal 12(1): 12–17.

Mohan, R.S.L. 1989. Conservation and management of the Ganges river dolphin, Platanista gangetica in India. Occasional Papers of the IUCN Species Survival Commission 3: 58-63.

Mohan, R. S. L., Dey, S. C., Bairagi, S. P. and Roy, S. 1997. On a survey of Ganges River Dolphin Platanista gangetica of Brahmaputra River, Assam. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 94: 483–495.

Noureen, U. 2013. Indus River dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor) abundance estimations between Chashma and Sukkur barrages, in the Indus River, Pakistan. Master of Philosophy, Quaid-e-Azam University.

Owen. 1853. Descriptive catalogue of the osteological series contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. Volume II. Mammalia Placentalia. Taylor and Francis, London.

Paudel, S., Pal, P., Cove, M.V., Jnawali, S.R., Abel, G., Koprowski, J.L. and Ranabhat, R. 2015. The Endangered Ganges River dolphin Platanista gangetica gangetica in Nepal: abundance, habitat and conservation threats. Endangered Species Research 29(1): 59-68.

Pilleri, G., and Zbinden K. 1973-74. Size and ecology of the dolphin population (Platanista indi) between Sukkur and Guddu Barrages, Indus River. Investigations on Cetacea 5: 59-70.

Pilleri, G. and Zbinden, K. 1973. Size and ecology of the dolphin population (Platanista indi) between the Sukkur and Guddu Barrages, Indus River.

Rahman, M. G. 1986. Reducing the flow of the Ganges: the consequences for agriculture in Bangladesh. In: E. Goldsmith and N. Hilyard (eds), The Social and Environmental Effects of Large Dams, pp. 267-275.. Wadebridge Ecological Centre, Cornwall, UK.

Reeves, R.R. 1991. Conservation of the bhulan (blind river dolphin) in the Punjab. Natura January: 3-22.

Reeves, R.R., and Brownell, R.L. Jr. 1989. Susu Platanista gangetica (Roxburgh, 1801) and Platanista minor Owen, 1853. In: S.H. Ridgway and R.J. Harrison (eds), Handbook of Marine Mammals Vol 4: The First Book of Dolphin, pp. 69-99. Academic Press Ltd., London.

Reeves, R.R., and Chaudhry, A.A. 1998. Status of the Indus River dolphin Platanista minor. Oryx 32(1): 35-44.

Reeves, R. R., Chaudhry, A. A. and Khalid, U. 1991. Competing for water on the Indus Plain: is there a future for Pakistan’s river dolphins? Environmental Conservation 18: 341–350.

Rice, D.W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy, Lawrence, Kansas.

Roxburgh, W. 1801. An account of a new species of Delphinus, an inhabitant of the Ganges. Asiatick Researches 7: 170-174.

Senthilkumar, K., Kannan, K., Sinha, R. K., Tanabe, S. and Giesy, J. P. 1999. Bioaccumulation profiles of polychlorinated biphenyle congeners and organochlorine pesticides in Ganges River Dolphins. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18(7): 1511-1520.

Shrestha, T. K. 1989. Biology, status and conservation of the Ganges River dolphin, Platanista gangetica, in Nepal. In: W. F. Perrin, R. L. Brownell Jr., K. Zhou and J. Liu (eds), Biology and Conservation of River Dolphins, pp. 70-76. IUCN Species Survival Commission Occasional Paper 3, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Sinha, R., and Kannan K. 2014. Ganges River Dolphin: An Overview of Biology, Ecology, and Conservation Status in India. Ambio 43(8): 1029-1046.

Sinha, R.K. 1997. Status and conservation of Ganges River Dolphin in Bhagirathi-Hooghly River systems in India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 232: 343-355.

Sinha, R. K. 2000. Status of the Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica) in the vicinity of Farakka Barrage, India. In: R. R. Reeves, B. D. Smith and T. Kasuya (eds), Biology and Conservation of Freshwater Cetaceans in Asia, pp. 42-48. IUCN Species Survival Commission Occasional Paper 23, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Sinha, R. K. 2002. An alternative to dolphin oil as a fish attractant in the Ganges River system: conservation of the Ganges River Dolphin. Biological Conservation 107: 253–257.

Smith, B. D. 1993. 1990 status and conservation of the Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica) in the Karnali River Nepal. Biological Conservation 66: 159-169.

Smith, B. D. 2000. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary: turning conventional wisdom on its head! Sonar 22: 18-19.

Smith, B. D., Ahmed, B., Edrise, M. and Braulik, G. 2001. Status of the Ganges River Dolphin or Shushuk Platanista gangetica in Kaptai Lake and the southern rivers of Bangladesh. Oryx 35: 61–72.

Smith, B. D. and Reeves, R. R. 2000. Report of the Second Meeting of the Asian River Dolphin Committee, 22-24 February 1997, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh. In: R. R. Reeves, B. D. Smith and T. Kasuya (eds), Biology and conservation of freshwater cetaceans in Asia, pp. 1-14. Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission.

Smith, B.D., and Reeves, R.R. 2000. Report of the Workshop on the Effects of Water Development on River Cetaceans, 26-28 February 1997, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh. Biology and Conservation of Freshwater Cetaceans in Asia. IUCN Gland, Switzerland: 15-21.

Smith, B.D., Braulik, G., Strindberg, S., Ahmed B., and Mansur R. 2006. Abundance of Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) and Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) estimated using concurrent counts made by independent teams in waterways of the Sundarbans mangrove forest in Bangladesh. Marine Mammal Science 22(2): 527-547.

Smith, B.D., Diyan, M.A.A., Mansur, R.M., Mansur E.F., and Ahmed B. 2010. Identification and channel characteristics of cetacean hotspots in waterways of the eastern Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh. Oryx 44(2): 241-247.

Smith, B.D., Haque, A.K.M.A., Hossain M.S., and Khan A. 1998. River Dolphins in Bangladesh: Conservation and the Effects of Water Development. Environmental Management 22(3): 323-355.

Smith, B. D., Sinha, R. K., Zhou, K., Chaudhry, A. A., Renjun, L., Wang, D., Ahmed, B., Haque, A. K. M. and Sapkota, K. 2000. Register of water development projects affecting Asian river cetaceans. In: R.R. Reeves, B. D. Smith, and T. Kasuya (eds), Biology and Conservation of Freshwater Cetaceans in Asia, pp. 22–39. IUCN/SSC Occasional Paper No. 23, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Toosy, A.H., Khan, U., Mahmood R., and Bhagat H.B. 2009. First tagging with a radio-transmitter of a rescued Indus River dolphin near Sukkur barrage, Pakistan. Wildlife Middle East 3(4): 6.

Wakid, A. 2009. Status and distribution of the endangered Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in the Brahmaputra River within India in 2005. Current Science 97(8): 1143-1151.

Waqas, U., Malik, M.I., and Khokhar, L.A. 2012. Conservation of Indus River dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor) in the Indus River system, Pakistan: an overview. Records of the Zoological Survey of Pakistan 21: 82-85.

WWF-Pakistan. 2011. Report on Indus River dolphin mortality: Analysis of dead dolphin samples for pesticides. World Wildlife Fund, Lahore,Pakistan.

Citation: Braulik, G.T. & Smith, B.D. 2017. Platanista gangetica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T41758A50383612. . Downloaded on 21 May 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided