Callorhinchus milii


Bibliography [top]

Allison, F.R. and Coakley, A. 1973. The two species of Gyrocotyle in the elephant fish, Callorhynchus milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 3: 381–392.

Annala, J.H., Sullivan, K.J., O'Brien, C.J., Smith, N.W.M. and Varian, S.J.A. (eds). 2002. Report from the Fishery Assessment Plenary, May 2002: Stock assessments and yield estimates. Wellington, Ministry of Fisheries.

Coakley, A. 1971. The biological and commercial aspects of the elephant fish. I. The commercial fishery. New Zealand Marine Department Fisheries Technical Report 76.

Coakley, A. 1973. A study in the conservation of elephant fish (Callorynchus milii, Bory) in New Zealand. New Zealand Marine Department Fisheries Technical Report 126.

Francis, M.P. 1997. Spatial and temporal variation in the growth rate of elephantfish (Callorhinchus milii). New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 9–23.

Gorman, T.B.S. 1963. Biological and economic aspects of the elephant fish Callorhinchus milii Bory in Pegasus Bay and the Canterbury Bight. New Zealand Marine Department Fisheries Technical Report 8

IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.

IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at:

Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Second Edition. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

McClatchie, S. and Lester, P. 1994. Stock assessment of the elephantfish (Callorhinchus milii). New Zealand Fisheries Assessment Research Document 94/6

Reardon, M.B. 2001. Seasonality and microanatomy of spermatophore formation in a holocephalan, the elephant fish, Callorhynchus milii. Honours Thesis (BSc). Department of Zoology. Melbourne, University of Melbourne

Smith, R. 2001. The reproductive biology of the female elephant fish, Callorhynchus milii, with particular reference to the oviducal gland. Honours Thesis (BSc). Department of Zoology. Melbourne, University of Melbourne

Walker, T.I., Hudson, R.J., and Gason, A.S. 2005. Catch evaluation of target, byproduct, and bycatch species in the shark fishery of south-eastern Australia. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science 35: 505‒530.

Walker, T.I., Taylor, B.L., and Hudson, R.J. 2002. Southern shark catch and effort 1970–2001 report to Australian Fisheries Management Authority. 47 pp. July 2002. Marine and Freshwater Resources Institute: Queenscliff, Victoria, Australia.

Citation: Reardon, M., Walker, T.I. & Francis, M.P. (SSG Australia & Oceania Regional Workshop, March 2003) 2003. Callorhinchus milii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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