Balaenoptera musculus ssp. intermedia 


Bibliography [top]

Best, P.B. 1998. Blue whales off Namibia – a possible wintering ground for the Antarctic population. Paper SC/50/CAW14 presented to the IWC Scientific Committee, May 1998.

Branch, T. 2006. Separating pygmy and Antarctic blue whales using ovarian corpora. Paper SC/58/SH8 presented to the IWC Scientific Committee, June 2006

Branch, T.A., Matsuoka, K. and Miyashita, M. 2004. Evidence for increases in Antarctic blue whales based on Bayesian modelling. Marine Mammal Science 20(4): 726-754.

Branch, T., Stafford, K.M., Palacios, D.M., Allison, C., Bannister, J.L., Burton, C.L.K., Cabrera, E., Carlson, C.A., Galletti Vernazzani, B., Gill, P.C., Hucke-Gaete, R., Jenner, K.C.S., Jenner, M-N.M., Matsuoka, K., Mikhalev, Y.A., Miyashita, T., Morrice, M.G., Nishiwaki, S., Sturrock, V.J., Tormosov, D., Anderson, R.C., Baker, A.N., Best, P.B., Borsa, P., Brownell Jr., R.L., Childerhouse, S., Findlay, K.P., Gerrodette, T., Ilangakoon, A.D., Joergensen, M., Kahn, B.,. Ljungblad, D.K, Maughan, B., Mccauley, R.D., Mckay, S., Norris, T.F., Rankin, S., Samaran, F., Thiele, D., Van waerebeek, K. and Warneke, R.M. 2007. Past and present distribution, densities and movements of blue whales Balaenoptera musculus in the Southern Hemisphere and northern Indian Ocean. Mammal Review 37: 117-175.

de la Mare, W.K. 1997. Abrupt mid-twentieth-century decline in Antarctic ice extent from whaling records. Nature 389: 57-60.

Ichihara, T. 1966. The pygmy blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda, a new subspecies from the Antarctic. In: K.S. Norris (ed.), Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises, pp. 79-111. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles.

International Whaling Commission. 2006. The IWC Summary database. (Document and files available from IWC, Cambridge, UK)

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Kato, H., Honno, Y., Yoshida, H., Kojima, E., Nomura, A. and Okamura, H. 2002. Further developments on morphological and behavioural key for sub-specied discrimination of southern blue whales. Paper SC/54/IA8 presented to the IWC Scientific Committee, May 2002.

Kato, H., Miyashita, T. and Shimada, H. 1995. Segregation of the two sub-species of the blue whale in the southern hemsiphere. Report of the International Whaling Commission 45:273-283

LeDuc, R.G., Dizon, A.E., Goto, M., Pastene, L.A., Kato, H., Nishiwaki, S., LeDuc, C.A. and Brownell Jr., R.L. 2007. Patterns of genetic variation in Southern Hemisphere blue whales and the use of assignment test to detect mixing on the feeding grounds. Journal of Cetacean Management and Research 9: 73-80.

Ljungblad, D.K., Clark, C. W., and Shimada, H. 1998. A comparison of sounds attributed to pygmy blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda) recorded south of the Madagascar Plateau and those attributed to 'true' blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) recorded off Antarctica. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 48:439-442.

Mackintosh, N.A. and Wheeler, J.F.G. 1929. Southern blue and fin whales. Discovery Report 22: 197-300.

McDonald, M.A., Mesnick, S.L. and Hildebrand, J.A. 2006. Biogeographic characterisation of blue whale song worldwide: using song to identify populations. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 8: 55-65.

Moore, M.J., Berrow, S.D., Jensen, B.A., Carr, P., Sears, R., Rowntree, V.J., Payne, R.E. and Hamilton, P.K. 1999. Relative abundance of large whales around South Georgia (1979-1998). Marine Mammal Science 15: 1287-1302.

Palacios, D.M. 1999. Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) occurrence off the Galapagos Islands 1978-95. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 1(1): 41-51.

Reeves, R.R., Smith, B.D., Crespo, E.A. and di Sciara, G.N. (compilers) 2003. Dolphins, Whales and Porpoises: 2002-2010 Conservation Action Plan for the World's Cetaceans. IUCN/SSC Cetacean Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Rice, D.W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

Taylor, B.L., Chivers, S.J., Larese, J. and Perrin, W. 2007. Generation Length and Percent Mature Estimates for IUCN Assessments of Cetaceans. Southwest Fisheries Science Center. Administrative report LJ-07-01.

van Waerebeek, K., Pastene, L.A., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Brito, J.L., Mora-Pinto, D. 1997. The status of the blue whale Balaenoptera musculus off the west coast of South America. Paper SC/49/SH 9 presented to the IWC Scientific Committee, September 1997

Citation: Reilly, S.B., Bannister, J.L., Best, P.B., Brown, M., Brownell Jr., R.L., Butterworth, D.S., Clapham, P.J., Cooke, J., Donovan, G.P., Urbán, J. & Zerbini, A.N. 2008. Balaenoptera musculus ssp. intermedia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41713A10543676. . Downloaded on 25 May 2016.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided