Ursus americanus 

Scope: Global

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Alt, G. L. 1989. Reproductive biology of female black bears and early growth and development of cubs in northeasern Pennsylvania. West Virginia University.

Beringer, J., Seibert, S. G., Reagan, S., Brody, A. J., Pelton, M. R. and Vangilder, L. D. 1998. The influence of a small sanctuary on survival rates of black bears in North Carolina. Journal of Wildlife Management 62: 727-734.

Bowker, B. and Jacobson, T. 1995. Louisiana black bear Ursus americanus luteolus recovery plan. U.S. Fish and Widlife Service, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Clark, J. D., Huber, D. and Servheen, C. 2002. Bear reintroductions: Lessons and challenges. Ursus 13: 335-345.

Côté, S. D. 2005. Extirpation of a large black bear population by introduced white-tailed deer. Conservation Biology 19: 1668-1671.

Dixon, J. D., Oli, M. K., Wooten, M. C., Eason, T. H. M. J. W. and Paetkau, D. 2006. Effectiveness of a regional corridor in connecting two Florida black bear populations. Conservation Biology 20: 155-162.

Doan-Crider, D. L. 2003. Movements and spaciotemporal variation in relation to food productivity and distribution, and population dynamics of the Mexican black bear in the Serranias Burro, Coahuila, Mexico. Ph.D. Thesis, Texas A&M University-Kingsville.

Doan Crider, D. L. and Hellgren, E. C. 1996. Population characteristics and winter ecology of black bears in Coahuila, Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management 60: 398-407.

Garshelis, D.L. and Hristienko H. 2006. State and provincial estimates of American black bear numbers versus assessments of population trend. Ursus 17: 1-7.

Goldstein, I. 2006. Programa de Investigación y Conservación del Oso Andino de Wildlife Conservation Society Andes del Norte. Portal Informativo sobre el Programa de Investigación y Conservación del Oso Andino de WCS Andes del Norte. Mérida, Parque Tecnológico Universidad de los Andes.

Hellgren, E. C., Onorato, D. P. and Skiles, J. R. 2005. Dynamics of a black bear population within a desert metapopulation. Biological Conservation 122: 131-140.

IUCN. 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Larkin, J. L., Maehr, D. S., Orlando, M. A., Hoctor, T. S. and Whitney, K. 2004. Landscape linkages and conservation planning for the black bear in west-central Florida. Animal Conservation 7: 23-34.

Miller, S. D. 1990. Population management of bears in North America. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 8: 357-373.

Onorato, D. P., Hellgren, E. C., Van Den Bussche, R. A. and Doan Crider, D. L. 2004. Phylogeographic patterns within a metapopulation of black bears (Ursus americanus) in the American southwest. Journal of Mammalogy 85: 140-147.

Pelton, M. R. 2003. Black bear (Ursus americanus). In: G. A. Feldhamer, B. C Thompson and J. A. Chapman (eds), Wild mammals of North America: biology, management, and conservation, pp. 547-555. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Pelton, M. R. and Van Manen, F. T. 1997. Status of black bears in the southeastern United States. In: D. F. Williamson and A. L. Gaski (eds), Proceedings of the second international symposium on the trade in bear parts, pp. 31-44. TRAFFIC USA, Washington, DC, USA.

Pelton, M. R., Coley, A. B., Eason, T. H., Doan, D. L., Martinez, Pederson, J. A., van Manen, F. T. and Weaver, K. M. 1999. American black bear conservation action plan. In: C. Servheen, S. Herrero, and B. Peyton (eds), Bears. Status survey and conservation action plan, pp. 144-146. IUCN/SSC Bear and Polar Bear Specialist Groups, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Ritland, K., Newton, C. and Marshall, H. D. 2001. Inheritance and population structure of the white-phased "Kermode" black bear. Current Biology 11: 1468-1472.

Secretaria de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales and Pesca. 1999. Programa de Conservación de la Vida Silvestre y Diversificación Productive en el Sector Rural. Impresora Grafica Publicitaria., Distrito Federal, Mexico.

Vaughan, M. R. 2002. Oak trees, acorns, and bears. In: W. J. McShea, and W. M. Healy (eds), Oak forest ecosystems: ecology and management for wildlife, pp. 224-240. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Veitch, A. M. and Harrington, F. H. 1996. Brown bears, black bears, and humans in northern Labrador: an historical perspective and outlook to the future. Journal of Wildlife Research 1: 244-249.

Williamson, D. F. 2002. In the black. Status, management, and trade of the American black bear (Ursus americanus) in North America, North America, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC, USA.

Wooding, J.B., and Maddrey, R.C. 1994. Impacts of roads on black bears. Eastern Workshop on Black Bear Research and Management 12: 124-129.

Citation: Garshelis, D.L., Crider, D. & van Manen, F. (IUCN SSC Bear Specialist Group). 2008. Ursus americanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41687A10513074. . Downloaded on 26 October 2016.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided