Ochotona princeps 


Bibliography [top]

Anthony, H.E. 1928. Field Book of North American Mammals. G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York.

Beever, E. A. 2002. Persistence of pikas in two low-elevation national monuments in the western United States. Park Science 21(2): 23-29.

Beever, E. A., Brussard, P. F. and Berger, J. 2003. Patterns of apparent extirpation among isolated populations of pikas (Ochotona princeps) in the Great Basin. Journal of Mammalogy 84(1): 37-54.

Beever, E.A., Ray, C., Mote, P.W. and Wilkening, J.L. 2010. Testing alternative models of climate-mediated extirpations. Ecological Applications 20: 164-178.

Beever, E.A., Ray, C., Wilkening, J.L., Brussard, P.F. and Mote, P.W. 2011. Contemporary climate change alters the pace and drivers of extinction. Global Change Biology 17: 2054-2070.

Beever, E. A., Wilkening, J. L., McIvor, D. E., Weber, S. S. and Brussard, P. E. 2008. American pikas (Ochotona princeps) in northwestern Nevada: A newly discovered population at a low-elevation site. Western North American Naturalist 68(1): 8-14.

Brown, J. H. 1971. Mammals on mountaintops: nonequilibrium insular biogeography. American Naturalist 105: 467-478.

Brown, J. H. 1978. The theory of insular biogeography and the distribution of boreal mammals and birds. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 2: 209-227.

Erb, L.P., Ray, C. and Guralnick, R. In press. On the generality of a climate-mediated shift in the distribution of the American pika (Ochotona princeps). Ecology.

Galbreath, K.E., Hafner, D.J. and Zamudio, K.R. 2009. When cold is better: climate-driven elevation shifts yield complex patterns of diversification and demography in an alpine specialist (American pika, Ochotona princeps). Evolution 63: 2848-2863.

Galbreath, K.E., Hafner, D.J., Zamudio, K.R. and Agnew, K. 2010. Isolation and introgression in the intermountain west: Contrasting gene genealogies reveal the complex biogeographic history of the American pika (Ochotona princeps). Journal of Biogeography 37: 344-362.

Grayson, D. K. 1987. The biogeographical history of small mammals in the Great Basin: observations on the last 20,000 years. Journal of Mammalogy 68(2): 359-375.

Grayson, D.K. 2005. A brief history of Great Basin pikas. Journal of Biogeograhy 32: 2103-2111.

Grinnell, J. 1917. Field tests of theories concerning distributional control. American Naturalist 51: 115-128.

Hafner, D. J. 1993. North American pika (Ochotona princeps) as a late Quaternary biogeographic indicator species. Quaternary Research 39: 373-380.

Hafner, D. J. 1994. Pikas and permafrost: post-Wisconsin historical zoogeography of Ochotona in the southern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research 26: 375-382.

Hafner, D.J. and Smith, A.T. 2010. Revision of the subspecies of the American pika, Ochotona princeps (Lagomorpha: Ochotonidae). Journal of Mammalogy 91: 401-417.

Hafner, D. J. and Sullivan, D. S. 1995. Historical and ecological biogeography of nearctic pikas (Lagomorpha: Ochotonidae). Journal of Mammalogy 76(2): 302-321.

Hall, E.R. 1981. The Mammals of North America. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.

Horsefall, R.B. 1925. The pika at sea level. Journal of Mammalogy 6: 201.

Howell, A.H. 1924. Revision of the American pikas. North American Fauna 47: 1-57.

Huntly, N.J., Smith, A.T. and Ivins, B.L. 1986. Foraging behavior of the pika (Ochotona princeps), with comparisons of grazing versus haying (caching). Journal of Mammalogy 67: 139-148.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

MacArthur, R.A. and Wang, L.C.H. 1973. Physiology of thermoregulation in the pika, Ochotona princeps. Canadian Journal of Zoology 51: 11-16.

MacArthur, R.A. and Wang, L.C.H. 1974. Behavioral thermoregulation in the pika, Ochotona princeps: a field study using radio-telemetry. Canadian Journal of Zoology 52: 353-358.

Manning, T. and Hagar, J.C. 2011. Use of nonalpine anthropogenic habitats by American pikas (Ochotona princeps) in western Oregon. Western North American Naturalist 71: 106-112.

Markham, O.D. and Whicker, F.W. 1973. Notes on the behavior of the pika (Ochotona princeps) in captivity. American Midland Naturalist 89: 192-199.

McDonald, K. A. and Brown, J. H. 1992. Using montane mammals to model extinctions due to climate change. Conservation Biology 6: 409-415.

Mead, J.I. 1987. Quaternary records of pika, Ochotona, in North America. Boreas 16: 165-171.

Millar, C.I. and Westfall, R.D. 2010. Distribution and climatic relationships of the American pika (Ochotona princeps) in the Sierra Nevada and western Great Basin, USA: Periglacial landforms as refugia in warming climates. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 42: 76-88.

Millar, C.I. In press. Influence of domestic livestock grazing on American pika (Ochotona princeps) haypiling behavior in the eastern Sierra Nevada and Great Basin. Western North American Naturalist.

Millar, J. S. and Zwickel, F. C. 1972a. Determination of age, age structure, and mortality of the pika, Ochotona princeps (Richardson). Canadian Journal of Zoology 50: 229-232.

Millar, J.S. and Zwickel, F.C. 1972b. Characteristics and ecological significance of hay piles of pikas. Mammalia 36: 657-667.

Moritz, C., Patton, J.L., Conroy, C.J., Parra, J.L., White, G.C. and Beissinger, S.R. 2008. Impact of a century of climate change on small-mammal communities in Yosemite National Park, USA. Science 322: 261-264.

Mote, P., Hamlet, A.F., Clark, M.P. and Lettenmaier, D.P. 2005. Declining mountain snowpack in western North America. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86: 39-49.

Peacock, M.M. 1997. Determining natal dispersal patterns in a population of North American pikas (Ochotona princeps) using direct mark-resight and indirect genetic methods. Behavioral Ecology 8: 340-350.

Peacock, M.M. and Smith, A.T. 1997. The effect of habitat fragmentation on dispersal patterns, mating behavior, and genetic variation in a pika (Ochotona princeps) metapopulation. Oecologia 112: 524-533.

Rodhouse, T.J., Beever, E.A., Garrett, L.K., Irvine, K.M., Jeffress, M.R., Munts, M. and Ray, C. 2010. Distribution of American pikas in a low-elevation lava landscape: conservation implications from the range periphery. Journal of Mammalogy 91: 1287-1299.

Severaid, J. H. 1950. The gestation period of the pike (Ochotona princeps). Journal of Mammalogy 31: 356-357.

Severaid, J.H. 1955. The natural history of the pikas (mammalian genus Ochotona). University of California, Berkeley.

Simpson, W.G. 2009. American pikas inhabit low-elevation sites outside the species’ previously described bioclimatic envelope. Western North American Naturalist 69: 243-250.

Smith, A. T. 1974a. The distribution and dispersal of pikas: consequences of insular population structure. Ecology 55: 1112-1119.

Smith, A. T. 1974b. The distribution and dispersal of pikas: influences of behavior and climate. Ecology 55: 1368-1376.

Smith, A. T. 1978. Comparative demography of pikas (Ochotona): effect of spatial and temporal age-specific mortality. Ecology 59: 133-139.

Smith, A.T. 1987. Population structure of pikas: Dispersal versus philopatry. In: B.D. Chepko-Sade and Z.T. Halpin (eds), Mammalian dispersal patterns: The effects of social structure on population genetics, pp. 128-142. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Smith, A.T. and Gilpin, M.E. 1997. Spatially correlated dynamics in a pika metapopulation. In: I.A. Hanski and M.E. Gilpin (eds), Metapopulation dynamics: Ecology, genetics, and evolution, pp. 407-428. Academic Press, San Diego.

Smith, A.T. and Ivins, B.L. 1983a. Reproductive tactics of pikas: why have two litters? Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: 1551-1559.

Smith, A.T. and Ivins, B.L. 1983b. Colonization in a pika population: Dispersal versus philopatry. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 13: 37-47.

Smith, A.T. and Ivins, B.L. 1984. Spatial relationships and social organization in adult pikas: a facultatively monogamous mammal. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 66: 289-308.

Smith, A. T. and Weston, M. L. 1990. Ochotona princeps. Mammalian Species 352: 1-8.

Smith, A. T., Formozov, N. A., Hoffmann, R. S., Changlin, Z. and Erbajeva, M. A. 1990. The Pikas. In: J. A. Chapman and J. C. Flux (eds), Rabbits, Hares and Pikas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, pp. 14-60. The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland.

Tapper, S.C. 1973. The spatial organisation of pikas (Ochotona), and its effects on population recruitment. University of Alberta.

Tyser, R. W. 1980. Use of substrate for surveillance behaviors in a community of talus slope mammals. American Midland Naturalist 104(1): 32-38.

West, E.W. 1981. Adaptive patterns in the behavior of the Sierran pika, Ochotona princeps. University of California, Davis.

Wilkening, J.L., Ray, C., Beever, E.A. and Brussard, P.F. 2011. Modeling contemporary range retraction in Great Basin pikas (Ochotona princeps) using data on microclimate and microhabitat. Quaternary International 235: 77-88.

Citation: Beever, E. & Smith, A.T. 2011. Ochotona princeps. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T41267A10427943. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided