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Syngnathus watermeyeri

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_onStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Bibliography [top]

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Breder, C.M. and Rosen, D.E. 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey, USA.

Cowley, P.D. 1998. Fish population dynamics in a temporarily open/closed South African estuary. Rhodes University.

Cowley, P.D., Whitfield A.K. 2001. Ichthyofaunal characteristics of a typical temporarily open/closed estuary on the southeast coast of South Africa. Ichthyol Bull Smith Inst Ichthyol 71: 1-19.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

James, N.C., Whitfield, A.K. and Cowley, P.D. 2008. Long-term stability of the fish assemblages in a warm-temperate South African estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 76: 723-738.

Vorwerk, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Paterson, A.W. and Whitfield A.K. 2008. Fish community response to increased river flow in the Kariega Estuary, a freshwater-deprived, permanently open souther African system. African Journal of Aquatic Science 33: 189-200.

Vorwerk, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Paterson, A.W., Strydom, N.A. and Whitfield, A.K. 2008. Biological responses to a resumption in river flow in a freshwater-deprived, permanently open Southern African estuary. Water SA 34: 597-604.

Whitfield, A.K. 1995. Threatened fishes of the world: Syngnathus watermeyeri Smith, 1983 (Syngnathidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 43: 152.

Whitfield, A.K. and Bruton, M.N. 1996. Extinction of the river pipefish Syngnathus watermeyeri in the Eastern Cape Province, SouthAfrica. South African Journal of Zoology 92: 59-61.


Citation: Sorensen, M. & Bills, R. 1996. Syngnathus watermeyeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 October 2014.
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