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Syngnathus watermeyeri 

Scope: Global
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_onStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

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Bibliography [top]

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Cowley, P.D. 1998. Fish population dynamics in a temporarily open/closed South African estuary. Rhodes University.

Cowley, P.D. and Whitfield A.K. 2001. Ichthyofaunal characteristics of a typical temporarily open/closed estuary on the southeast coast of South Africa. Ichthyol Bull Smith Inst Ichthyol 71: 1-19.

Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 7 December 2017).

James, N.C., Whitfield, A.K. and Cowley, P.D. 2008. Long-term stability of the fish assemblages in a warm-temperate South African estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 76: 723-738.

Mwale, M., Kaiser, H., and Heemstra, P. C. 2014. Reproductive biology and distribution of Syngnathus temminckii and S. watermeyeri (Pisces: Syngnathidae) in southern Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 36(2): 175-184.

Sheppard, J. N., James, N. C., Whitfield, A. K. and Cowley, P. D. 2011. What role do beds of submerged macrophytes play in structuring estuarine fish assemblages? Lessons from a warm-temperate South African estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 95(1): 145-155.

Vorwerk, P. D., Froneman, P. W. and Paterson, A. W. 2007. Recovery of the critically endangered river pipefish, Syngnathus watermeyeri, in the Kariega Estuary, Eastern Cape province. South African Journal of Science 103(5-6): 199-201.

Vorwerk, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Paterson, A.W. and Whitfield A.K. 2008. Fish community response to increased river flow in the Kariega Estuary, a freshwater-deprived, permanently open souther African system. African Journal of Aquatic Science 33: 189-200.

Vorwerk, P.D., Froneman, P.W., Paterson, A.W., Strydom, N.A. and Whitfield, A.K. 2008. Biological responses to a resumption in river flow in a freshwater-deprived, permanently open Southern African estuary. Water SA 34: 597-604.

Whitfield, A.K. 1995. Threatened fishes of the world: Syngnathus watermeyeri Smith, 1983 (Syngnathidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 43: 152.

Whitfield, A.K. and Bruton, M.N. 1996. Extinction of the river pipefish Syngnathus watermeyeri in the Eastern Cape Province, SouthAfrica. South African Journal of Zoology 92: 59-61.


Citation: Pollom, R. 2017. Syngnathus watermeyeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T41030A67621860. . Downloaded on 14 December 2017.
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