Syngnathoides biaculeatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Allen, G.R. and Swainston, R. 1992. Reef Fishes of New Guinea - A Field Guide for Divers, Anglers and Naturalists. Publication no. 8. Christensen Research Institute, Madang.

Australian Society for Fish Biology (ASFB). 2007. Conservation Status of Australian Fishes – 2001. Available at: (Accessed: 25 August 2007).

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.

Dawson, C.E. 1986. Syngnathidae. In: M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds), Smith's sea fishes, pp. 445-458. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Dhanya, S., Rajagopal, S., Khan, S.A.and Balasubramanian, T. 2005. Embryonic development in alligator pipefish, Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch, 1785). Current Science (Bangalore) 88: 178-181.

Fish Team of the Trang Project. 2002. Illustrated fish fauna of a mangrove estuary at Sikao, southwestern Thailand. Trang Project for Biodiversity and Ecological Significance of Mangrove Estuaries in Southeast Asia, Rajamangala Institute of Technology and the University of Tokyo, Trang and Tokyo.

Fricke, R. 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Theses Zoology, Königstein, Germany.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2007. Fishbase. Available at:

Grant, E.M. 1978. Guide to fishes. Department of Harbours and Marine, Brisbane

IUCN. 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Kailola, P.J. 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea. A revised and annotated checklist. Volume 1. Myxinidae to Synbranchidae. Research Bulletin No. 41. Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.

Kapoor, D., Dayal, R. and Ponniah, A.G. 2002. Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, India.

Koldewey, H. 2005. Syngnathid Husbandry in Public Aquariums. Project Seahorse, Zoological Society of London and John G. Shedd Aquarium. (

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical reef-fishes of the western Pacific Indonesia and adjacent waters. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to sea fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. New Holland, London, UK.

Lange, J. 1989. The breeding of different coral fishes in the Zoo Aquarium Berlin. Bulletin L'Institute Oceanography (Monaco) 5(special issue): 219-222.

Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. and Yoshino, T. 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan.

Myers, R.F. 1989. Micronesian Reef Fishes: A practical Guide to the identification of the Coral Reef Fishes of the Tropical Central and Western Pacific. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.

Nakamura, Y., Horinouchi, M., Nakai, T. and Sano, M. 2003. Food habits of fishes in a seagrass bed on a fringing coral reef at Iriomote Island, southern Japan. Ichthyological Research 50: 15-22.

Nguyen Huu Phung and Tran Hoai Lan. 1994. Checklist of marine fishes in Viet Nam. Volume 1. Amphioxi and Chondrichthyes. Science and Technics Publishing House, Viet Nam.

Ocean Biogeographic Information System. 2007. OBIS. Available at: (Accessed: 25 August 2007).

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. and Hanley, J.E. 1989. Pisces. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia.

Pogonoski, J.J., Pollard, D.A. and Paxton, J.R. 2002. Conservation overview and action plan for Australian threatened and potentially threatened marine and estuarine fishes. Environment Australia, Canberra, Australia.

Randall, J.E. 1986. 106 new records of fishes from the Marshall Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 38(1): 170-252.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. and Steene, R.C. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Revised edition. Crawford House, Bathurst, NSW. 557pp.

Randall, J.E., Williams, J.T., Smith, D.G., Kulbicki, M., Tham, G.M., Labrosse, P., Kronen, M., Clua, E. and Mann, B.S. 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Research Bulletin 502: 1-37.

Shao, K.-T., Shen, S.-C., Chiu, T.-S. and Tzeng, C.-S. 1992. Distribution and database of fishes in Taiwan. In: C.-Y. Peng (ed.), Collections of research studies on Survey of Taiwan biological resources and information management. Vol. 2, pp. 173-206. Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica. [In Chinese].

Shi, R., Zhang, Y. and Wang, Z. 1993. Experimental studies on Hailong extracts from Syngnathoides biaculatus. 1. The influences of Hailong extracts on human PBL proliferation and human tumour cell lines. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs/Zhongguo Haiyang Yaowu 12(2): 4-7.

Smith, J.L.B. 1969. Fishes of Inhaca. In: Macnae, W. and Kalk, M. (eds), A natural history of Inhaca Island, Moçambique, pp. 131-136. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Smith, J.L.B. and Smith, M.M. 1963. The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Takahashi, E. 2000. Life history characteristics of double ended pipefish, Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch), in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. M.Phil. thesis. School of Environmental and Applied Sciences, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia

Takahashi, E., Connolly, R.M. and Lee, S.Y. 2003. Growth and reproduction of double-ended pipefish, Syngnathoides biaculeatus, in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Environ. Biol. Fish 67: 23-33.

Thollot, P. 1996. Les poissons de mangrove du lagon sud-ouest de Nouvelle-Calédonie. ORSTOM Éditions, Paris, France.

U Hla Win. 1987. Checklist of fishes of Burma. Ministry of Livestock Breeding and Fisheries, Department of Fisheries, Burma.

Wass, R.C. 1984. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Special Scientific Report No. 781. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration and National Marine Fisheries Service, Washington, USA.

Citation: Bartnik, S., Morgan, Pogonoski, J., Pollard, D. & Paxton, J. 2008. Syngnathoides biaculeatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T40715A10357159. . Downloaded on 26 February 2017.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided