Map_thumbnail_large_font

Gorilla beringei ssp. graueri 

Scope: Global
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_onStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Ayebare, S., Ponce-Reyes, R., Segan, D.B., Watson, J.E.M., Possingham, H.P., Seimon, A. and Plumptre, A.J. 2013. Identifying Climate-Resilient Corridors for Conservation in the Albertine Rift. Report to MacArthur Foundation. Wildlife Conservation Society, Kampala.

Butynski, T.M. 2001. Africa's great apes. In: B.B. Beck, T.S. Stoinski, M. Hutchins, T L. Maple, B. Norton, A. Rowan, E.F. Stevens and A. Arluke (eds), Great Apes and Humans: The Ethics of Coexistence, pp. 3–56. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, USA.

Ferriss, S., Robbins, M.M. and Williamson, E.A. 2005. Eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). In: J. Caldecott and L. Miles (eds), The World Atlas of Great Apes and their Conservation., pp. 129-152. University California Press., Berkeley, California, USA.

Groves C.P. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Hall, J. S., Saltonstall, K., Inogwabini, B.-I. and Omari, I. 1998a. Distribution, abundance and conservation status of Grauer’s gorilla. Oryx 32: 122–130.

Hall, J.S., White, L.J.T., Inogwabini, B.-I., Omari, I., Morland, H.S., Williamson, E.A., Saltonstall, K., Walsh, P., Sikubwabo, C., Bonny, D., Kiswele, K.P., Vedder, A. and Freeman, K. 1998b. Survey of Grauer's gorillas (Gorilla gorilla graueri) and eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park lowland sector and adjacent forest in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology 19: 207–235.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 04 September 2016).

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

Kirkby, A., Spira, C., Bahati, B., Twendilonge, A., Kujirakwinja, D., Plumptre, A.J., Wielland, M. and Nishuli, R. 2015. Investigating Artisanal Mining and Bushmeat around Protected Areas: Kahuzi-Biega National Park and Itombwe Reserve. Report to USAID and Arcus Foundation. Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.

Langergraber, K.E., Prüfer, K., Rowney, C., Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Fawcett, K., Inoue, E., Inoue-Muruyama, M., Mitani, J.C., Muller, M.N., Robbins, M.M., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T.S., Viola, B., Watts, D., Wittig, R.M., Wrangham, R.W., Zuberbühler, K., Pääbo, S. and Vigilant, L. 2012. Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109: 15716–15721.

Maldonado, O., Aveling, C., Cox, D., Nixon, S., Nishuli, R., Merlo, D., Pintea, L. and Williamson, E.A. 2012. Grauer’s Gorillas and Chimpanzees in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (Kahuzi-Biega, Maiko, Tayna and Itombwe Landscape): Conservation Action Plan 2012–2022. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation & Tourism, Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature and Jane Goodall Institute, Gland, Switzerland.

Nixon, S.C. 2010. Participatory assessment of Grauer's eastern gorilla and other wildlife in the Lubutu sector of Maiko National Park and adjacent forests. Fauna & Flora International. Unpublished report, Cambridge, UK.

Nixon, S., Kaghoma, C. and Vyalengerera, M. 2015. The status of Grauer’s gorilla in the Usala Forest. Gorilla Journal 50: 4–7.

Omari, I. Hart, J. Butynski, T., Birhashirwa., Upoki, A., Mkeyo, Y., Bengana, F. Bashonga, M. and Bagurubumwe, N. 1999. The Itombwe Massif, Democratic Republic of Congo: Biological surveys and conservation, with an emphasis on Grauer’s gorilla and birds endemic to the Albertine Rift. Oryx 33: 301–319.

Plumptre, A.J., Amsini, F., Kujirakwinja, D., Hart, J., Nyembo, B., Vyahavwa, C., Bujo, F., Masanga, A., Matunguru, J., Mwinyihali, R. and Tshombe, R. 2009. Itombwe Massif Conservation Project: Delimitation and zoning of the Itombwe Natural Reserve for protection of great apes. Report to US Fish and Wildlife Service. Project 98210 – 7– G293. Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.

Plumptre, A.J., Nixon, S., Critchlow, R., Vieilledent, G., Nishuli, R., Kirkby, A., Williamson, E.A., Hall, J.S. and Kujirakwinja, D. 2015. Status of Grauer’s Gorilla and Chimpanzee in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: Historical and Current Distribution and Abundance. Wildlife Conservation Society, Fauna & Flora International and Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature, New York.

Robbins, A.M., Robbins, M.M., Gerald-Steklis, N. and Steklis, H.D. 2006. Age-related patterns of reproductive success among female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 131: 511–521.

Robbins, M.M. 1995. A demographic analysis of male life history and social structure of mountain gorillas. Behaviour 132: 21-47.

Schaller, G. B. 1963. The Mountain Gorilla: Ecology and Behavior. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.

Sikubwabo, C.K. 2015. Can the gorillas of Mt Tshiaberimu survive? Gorilla Journal 50: 3–4.

Stearns, J and Vogel, C. 2015. The Landscape of Armed Groups in the Eastern Congo. Available at: http://congoresearchgroup.org/essay-the-landscape-of-armed-groups-in-eastern-congo-2/.

Tshombe, R. 2006. Development of Community-Based Conservation of Gorillas and Chimpanzees in the Itombwe Massif, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Final Report USFWS Agreement No 982105G153. WCS, New York.

Williamson, E.A. and Butynski, T.M. 2013. Gorilla beringei Eastern Gorilla. In: T.M. Butynski, J. Kingdon and J. Kalina (eds), Mammals of Africa, pp. 45–53. Bloomsbury Publishing, London, UK.

Yamagiwa, J., Basabose, A K., Kaleme, K. and Yumoto, T. 2005. Diet of Grauer’s gorillas in the montane forest of Kahuzi, Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology 26: 1345–1373.

Yamagiwa, J., Kahekwa, J. and Basabose, A.K. 2003. Intra-specific variation in social organization of gorillas: implications for their social evolution. Primates 44: 359–369.


Citation: Plumptre, A., Nixon, S., Caillaud, D., Hall, J.S., Hart, J.A., Nishuli, R. & Williamson, E.A. 2016. Gorilla beringei ssp. graueri (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T39995A102328430. . Downloaded on 20 August 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided