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Raja clavata

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Bibliography [top]

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Brander, K. and Palmer, D. 1985. Growth rate of Raia clavata in the Northeast Irish Sea. Journal du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer 42: 125?128.

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Capapé, C. 1976. Contribution à la biologie des Rajidæ des côtes Tunisiennes. Raja alba Lacépède, 1801: répartition géographique et bathymétrique, sexualité, reproduction, fécondité. Annales de l'Institut Michel Pacha 9: 23–47.

Capapé, C. 1977. Observations sur le règime alimentaire de quelques Raies des cotes tunisiennes. Rapport de la Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la mer Méditerranée 24(5): 99–100.

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Fitzmaurice, P. 1974. Size distribution and food of thornback rays (Raja clavata L.) caught on rod and line on the Mayo coast – Clew, Broadhaven bay. Irish Fisheries Investigations, Series B (marine). Department of the Marine, Dublin, Ireland.

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Holden, M.J. 1972. The growth rates of R. brachyura, R. clavata and R. montegui as determined by tagging data. Journal du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer 34: 161–168.

Holden, M.J. 1975. The fecundity of Raja clavata in British waters. Journal du Conseil International de l'Exploration de la Mer 36: 110–118.

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Holden, M.J. and Vince, M.R. 1973. Age validation studies on the centra of Raja clavata using tetratcycline. Journal du Conseil International de l'Exploration de la Mer 35: 13?17.

ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea). 1958–1987. Bulletin Statistique des Pêches Maritimes. Volumes 43 – 72 (for the years 1958–1987). ICES, Copenhagen.

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Quiniou, L. and Andriamirado, G.R. 1979. Variations du régime alimentaire de trois espèces de raies de la baie de Douarnenez (Raja montagui Fowler, 1919; Raja brachyura Lafont, 1873; Raja clavata L., 1758). Cybium 7: 27–39.

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Stehmann, M. and Buerkel, D.L. 1984. Rajidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.L. Bauchot, J.C. Hureau and E. Tortonese (eds), Fishes of the northeastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, UNESCO, Paris, France.

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Citation: Ellis, J. 2005. Raja clavata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.
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