Sphyrna mokarran


Bibliography [top]

Ahmad, A., Abdul Haris Hilmi, A.A., Gambang, A.C., Ahemad, S. and Solahuddin, A.R. (eds). 2004. Elasmobranch resources, utilization, trade and management in Malaysia. Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.

Anonymous. 2002. Rapport de la première réunion de coordination du Plan Sous-Régional d?Action pour la Conservation et la Gestion des populations de Requins. Commission Sous-Régionale des Pêches. Secrétariat Permanent. Saly-Portuda.

Bass, A.J., D?Aubery, J.D. and Kistnasamy, N. 1975. Sharks of the east coast of southern Africa. III. The families Carcharhinidae (excluding Mustelus and Carcharhinus) and Sphyrnidae. South African Association for Marine Biological Research, Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report No. 38.

Beerkircher, L.R., Brown, C.J. and Lee, D. 2002. SEFSC pelagic observer program data summary for 1992-2000. NOAA Technical Memorandum. National Marine Fisheries Service.

Bonfil, R. 1994. Overview of world elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 341. FAO, Rome.

Burgess, G. and Morgan, A. 2003. Renewal of an observer program to monitor the directed Commercial Shark Fishery Observer Program in the Gulf of Mexico and south Atlantic: 2002(2) and 2003(1) fishing seasons. Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, Fl.

Cadenat, J. and Blache, J. 1981. Requins de Méditerranée et d' Atlantique (plus particulièrement de la Côte Occidentale d'Afrique). Ed. OSTROM, Faune Tropicale (21).

Cliff, G. 1995. Sharks caught in the protective gill nets off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. 8. The great hammerhead shark Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell). S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 15: 105-114.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1998. Sphyrnidae. Hammerhead and bonnethead sharks. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds) FAO identification guide for fishery purposes, pp.1264-1267. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V. In prep. b. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Volume 3. (Carcharhiniformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fisheries Purposes No. 1, Vol.3. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V., Last, P.R., Stevens, J.D. and Alava, M.N.R. 2005. Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes. CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report 243.

DuCrocq, M. 2002. Rapport de la première réunion de coordination du Plan Sous-Régional d?Action pour la Conservation et la Gestion des populations de Requins. Commission Sous-Régionale des Pêches, Secrétariat Permanent. Saly-Portudal, du 27 au 29 mai 2002.

Dudley, S.F.J. 2002. Shark catch trends and effort reduction in the beach protection program, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. NAFO SCR 2002/124 (Serial No. N4746).

Dudley, S.F.J. and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2006. Population status of 14 shark species caught in the protective gillnets off KwaZulu-Natal beaches, South Africa, 1978-2003. Marine and Freshwater Research 57: 225-240.

Espinosa, L. 2004. Situación actual de los tiburones en Cuba. Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras. MIP, Havana, Cuba.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Canberra, Australia.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 12th September 2007).

IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at:

Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.

Paterson, R.A. 1990. Effects of long-term anti-shark measures on target and non-target species in Queensland, Australia. Biological Conservation 52: 147–159.

Pepperell, J.G. 1992. Trends in the distribution, species composition and size of sharks caught by gamefish anglers off south-eastern Australia, 1961-90. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43: 213-25

Rodriguez, M. 1996. Evaluation de la pesqueria de tiburon del Golfo de Mexico. Istituto National de la Pesca.

Ruiz, C. L. and Cabrera, M.I. 2000. Evaluacion del potencial de explotacion del recurso tiburon en Las Costas del Pacifico de Guatemala. Fondo Nacional de ciencia y tecnologia Centro de Estudios Del Mar y Acuicultura. Unidad Especial de Pesca y Acuicultura, Guatemala.

Schneider, W. 1990. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO); Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa (RAFR), Rome, Italy.

Stevens, J.D. and Lyle, J.M. 1989. Biology of three hammerhead sharks (Eusphyra blochii, Sphyrna mokarran and S. lewini) form Northern Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 40:129–146.

Strong, W.R., Snelson, F.F. and Gruber, S.H. 1990. Hammerhead shark predation on stingrays: an observation of prey handling by Sphyrna mokarran. Copeia 1990(3): 836-840.

Walker, P., Cavanagh, R.D., Ducrocq, M. and Fowler, S.L. 2005.Regional Overview: Northeast Atlantic (including Mediterranean and Black Sea). In: S.L. Fowler, R.D. Cavanagh, M. Camhi, G.H. Burgess, G.M. Cailliet, S.V. Fordham, C.A. Simpfendorfer and J.A. Musick (eds). Sharks, rays and chimaeras: the status of the chondrichthyan fishes, pp. 71-95. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Zeeberg, J., Coorten, A. and Graaf, E. 2006. Bycatch and release of pelagic megafauna in industrial trawler fisheries off Northwest Africa. Fisheries Research 78: 186-195.

Citation: Denham, J., Stevens, J., Simpfendorfer, C.A., Heupel, M.R., Cliff, G., Morgan, A., Graham, R., Ducrocq, M., Dulvy, N.D, Seisay, M., Asber, M., Valenti, S.V., Litvinov, F., Martins, P., Lemine Ould Sidi, M. & Tous, P. and Bucal, D. 2007. Sphyrna mokarran. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 July 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided