Anderson, R.C. and Ahmed, H. 1993. The shark fisheries in the Maldives. FAO, Rome, and Ministry of Fisheries, Male, Maldives.
Backus, R.H., Springer, S. and Arnold Jr., E.L. 1956. A contribution to the natural history of thewhite-tip shark, Pterolamiops longimanus (Poey). Deep-Sea Research 3: 176–188.
Bass, A.J., D'Aubrey, J.D. and Kistnasamy, N. 1975. Sharks of the east coast of southern Africa. V. The families Hexanchidae, Chlamydoselachidae, Heterodontidae, Pristiophoridae and Squatinidae. South African Association for Marine Biological Research, Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report No. 43.
Baum, J.K. and Myers, R.A. 2004. Shifting baselines and the decline of pelagic sharks in the Gulf of Mexico. Ecology Letters. 7(3): 135–145.
Baum, J.K., Kehler, D. and Myers, R.A. 2005. Robust estimates of decline for pelagic shark populations in the northwest Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Fisheries 30: 27–30.
Baum, J.K., Myers, R.A., Kehler, D.G., Worm, B., Harley, S.J. and Doherty, P.A. 2003. Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic. Science 299: 389–392.
Berkeley, S.A. and Campos, W.L. 1988. Relative abundance and fishery potential of pelagic sharks along Florida's east coast. Mar. Fish. Rev. 50(1): 9–16.
Bigelow, H.B. and Shroeder, W.C. 1948. Fishes of the western north Atlantic. Part 1. Lancelets, Cyclostomes, Sharks. Memoirs of Sears Foundation for Marine Research.
Bullis, H.R.J. 1961. Observations on the feeding behavior of white-tip sharks on schooling fishes. Ecology 42: 194–195.
Bullis H.R.J. and Captiva, F.J. 1955. Preliminary report on exploratory long-line fishing for tuna in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean sea. Commercial Fisheries Review 17: 1–20.
Burgess, G.H., Beerkircher, L.W., Cailliet, G.M., Carlson, J.K., Cortes, E., Goldman, K.J., Grubbs, R.D., Musick, J.A., Musyl, M.K. and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2005. Is the collapse of shark populations in the northwest Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico real? Fisheries 30: 10.
Castro, J.I. 1983. The sharks of North American waters. Texas A & M University Press, College Station.
Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. No. 125, vol. 4.
Compagno, L.J.V. In prep. b. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Volume 3. (Carcharhiniformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fisheries Purposes No. 1, Vol.3. FAO, Rome.
Cortes, E. 2002. Incorporating uncertainty into demographic modeling: application to shark populations and their conservation. Conservation Biology 16: 1048–1062.
Domingo, A. 2004. ¿Adónde fue el Longimanus? Elasmovisor, Bol. SBEEL, Brazil
Ebert, D.A. 2003. Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras of California. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Fourmanoir, P. 1961. Requins de la Côte Ouest de Madagascar. Memoires de L’Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série F. Oceanographie. ORSTOM. Tome IV.
Gohar, H.A.F. and Mazhar, F.M. 1964. The elasmobranchs of the north-western Red Sea. Publications of the Marine Biological Station Al-Ghardaqa (Red Sea) 13: 1–144.
Gubanov, Y.P. 1978. The reproduction of some species of pelagic sharks from the equatorial zone of the Indian Ocean. Journal of Ichthyology 18(5): 781–792.
Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.
IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at: http://www.iucnssg.org/.
Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia.
Mather, F.J.I. and Day, C.G. 1954. Observations of pelagic fishes of the tropical Atlantic. Copeia 1954: 179–188.
Seki, T., Taniuchi, T., Nakano, H. and Shimizu, M. 1998. Age, growth, and reproduction of the Oceanic Whitetip shark from the Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Science Tokyo 64: 14–20.
Smith, S.E., Au, D.W. and Show, C. 1998. Intrinsic rebound potentials of 26 species of Pacific sharks. Marine and Freshwater Research 49(7): 663–678.
Stevens, J.D. 1984. Biological observations on sharks caught by sport fishermen off New South Wales. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 35: 573-590.
Strasburg, D.W. 1957. Distribution, abundance, and habits of pelagic sharks in the Central Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Bulletin 58: 335–361.
Taniuchi, T. 1990. The role of elasmobranchs in Japanese fisheries. In: H.L. Pratt Jr., S.H. Gruber and T. Taniuchi (eds). Elasmobranchs as living resources: advances in the biology, ecology, systematics, and the status of the fisheries. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 90: 415–426.
Wathne F. 1959. Summary report of exploratory long-line fishing for tuna in Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean sea, 1954–1957. Commercial Fisheries Review 21: 1–26.
|Citation:||Baum, J., Medina, E., Musick, J.A. & Smale, M. 2006. Carcharhinus longimanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|