Ackerman, L.T. 1971. Contributions to the biology of the leopard shark, Triakis semifasciata (Girard) in Elkhorn Slough, Monterey Bay, California. M.A. thesis. Sacramento State College.
Ackerman, L.T., Kondraieff, M.C. Matern, S.A. and Cech, J.J. 2000. Tidal influence on spatial dynamics of leopard sharks, Triakis semifasciata, in Tomales Bay California. Environmental Biology of Fishes 58: 33-43.
Anonymous. 2006. Underwatertimes news service. Available at: http://www.underwatertimes.com/news.php?article_id=13760428951.
Au, D.W. and Smith, S.E. 1997. A demographic method with population density compensation for estimating productivity and yield per recruit of the leopard shark (Triakis semifasciata). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 54: 415-420.
Bane, G.W. and Bane, A.W. 1971. Bay fishes of northern California. Mariscos Publications, Hampton Bays, New York.
Barry, J.P. and Cailliet, G.M. 1983. The utilization of shallow marsh habitats by commercially important fishes in Elkhorn Slough, California. Cal-Neva Wildlife Transactions 1981: 38-47.
Cailliet, G.M. 1992. Demography of the central California population of the leopard shark (Triakis semifasciata). Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43: 183-193.
Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. Sharks of the World: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO, Rome.
Compagno, L.J.V. In prep.. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Volume 3. Carcharhiniformes. FAO, Rome.
Cortes, E. 2002. Incorporating uncertainty into demographic modeling: application to shark populations and their conservation. Conservation Biology 16: 1048-1062.
Ebert, D.A. 2003. Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras of California..
Eigenmann, C.H. 1891. The spawning season of San Diego fishes.
Emmett, R.L., Hinton, S.A. Stone, S.L. and Monaco, M.E. 1991. Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in west coast estuaries, Volume II: Species life history summaries. NOAA/NOS Strategic Environmental Assessments Division, Rockville, Maryland.
Feder, H.M., Turner, C.H. and Limbaugh, C. 1974. Observations on fishes associated with kelp beds in southern California. California Fish and Game Fish Bulletin 160(160): 1-44.
Girard, C.F. 1854. Characteristics of some cartilaginous fishes of the Pacific coast of North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia 7(6): 196-197.
Hopkins, T.E. 1993. The physiological ecology of bat rays, Myliobatis californica, in Tomales Bay, California. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
Kusher, D.I., Smith, S.E. and Cailliet, G.M. 1992. Validated age and growth of the leopard shark, Triakis semifasciata, with comments on reproduction. Environmental Biology of Fishes 35: 187-203.
Miller, D.J. and Lea, R.N. 1972. Guide to the coastal marine fishes of California. California Department of Fish and Game, California.
Monaco, M.E., Nelson, D.M., Emmett, R.L. and Hinton, S.A. 1990. Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in west coast estuaries. NOAA/NOS Strategic Environmental Assessments Division.
PFMC (Pacific Fisheries Management Council). 1982. Pacific Coast Groundfish Plan – Fishery management plan and environmental impact statement for the California, Oregon and Washington groundfish fishery. PFMC, Portland, Oregon.
Russo, R.A. 1975. Observations on the food habits of leopard sharks (Triakis semifasciata) and brown smoothhounds (Mustelus henlei). California Department of Fish Game, California.
Smith, S.E. 1992. Leopard shark. In: W.S. Leet, C.M. Dewees, and C.W. Haugen (eds), California's living marine resources and their utilization., pp. 48–49. California Sea Grant Extension Publication UCSGEP-92-12, Davis, CA, USA.
Smith, S.E., Au, D.W. and Show, C. 1998. Intrinsic rebound potentials of 26 species of Pacific sharks. Marine and Freshwater Research 49(7): 663-678.
Smith, S.E., Mitchell, R.A. and Fuller, D. 2003. Age-validation of a leopard shark (Triakis semifasciata) recaptured after 20 years. Fish Bulletin 101: 194-198.
State of California. 1996.. Fish and Game Code of California 1996. California Fish and Game Commission, Gould Publications Inc.,, USA.
Talent, L.G. 1976. Food habits of the leopard shark, Triakis semifasciata in Elkhorn Slough, Monterey Bay, California. California Department of Fish Game Fish Bulletin 62(4): 286-298.
Talent, L.G. 1985. The occurrence, seasonal distribution, and reproductive condition of elasmoranch fishes in Elkhorn Slough, California. California Fish and Game 71(4): 210-219.
|Citation:||Carlisle, A. & Smith, S.E. 2009. Triakis semifasciata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 April 2015.|