Map_thumbnail_large_font

Isurus oxyrinchus

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Bibliography [top]

Acuña, E., Cid, L., Pérez, E., Kong, I., Araya, M., Lamilla, J. and Peñailillo, J. 2001. Estudio biológico de tiburones (marrajo dentudo, azulejo y tiburón sardinero) en la zona norte y central de Chile. Informes Técnicos FIP, FIP/IT Nº 2000-23.

Amorim, A.F., Arfelli, C.A. and Fagundes, L. 1998. Pelagic elasmobranchs caught by longliners off southern Brazil during 1974-97: an overview. Marine and Freshwater Research 49: 621-632.

Anderson, R.C. and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2005. Indian Ocean. In: S.L. Fowler, M. Camhi, G.H. Burgess, G.M. Cailliet, S.V. Fordham, R.D. Cavanagh, C.A. Simpfendorfer and J.A. Musick (eds), Sharks, rays and chimaeras: the status of the chondrichthyan fishes, pp. 140-149. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Anonymous. 2001. Chapter 07b: Shortfin Mako shark: history of the fishery. California?s living marine resources: A status report. California Department of Fish & Game, Long Beach, California.

Anonymous. 2002. Report of the meeting of experts for the elaboration of an Action Plan for the conservation of Mediterranean species of cartilaginous fish. UNEP, RAC/SPA, Tunis.

Anonymous. 2003. Commission staff working paper report of AD working group elasmobranches fisheries. Brussels.

Ardizzone, D., Cailliet, G.M., Natanson, L.J., Andrews, A.H., Kerr, L.A. and Brown T.A. 2006. Application of bomb radiocarbon chronologies to shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) age validation. Environmental Biology of Fishes 77: 355-366.

Baum, J.K., Myers, R.A. and Blanchard, W. in prep.. manuscript in prep..

Baum, J.K., Myers, R.A., Kehler, D.G., Worm, B., Harley, S.J. and Doherty, P.A. 2003. Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic. Science 299: 389-392.

Bedford, D.W. 1992. Mako shark. In: W.S. Leet, C.M. Dewees and C.W. Haugen (eds), California?s living marine resources and their utilization, pp. 51-53. California Sea Grant Extension Publication.

Bello, G. 1999. The Chondrichthyans of the Adriatic Sea. Acta Adriatica 40(1): 65-76.

Bernal, D., Dickson, K.D., Shadwick, R.E. and Graham, J.B. 2001. Analysis of the evolutionary convergence for high performance swimming in lamnid sharks and tunas. Comparative Biochemical Physiology 129: 695-726.

Bianchi, G., Carpenter, K.E., Roux, J.-P., Molloy, F.J., Boyer, D. and Boyer, H.J. 1999. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Bishop, S.D.H., Francis, M.P., Duffy, C. and Montgomery, J.C. 2006. Age, growth, maturity, longevity and natural mortality of the shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) in New Zealand waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 57: 143-154.

Boero, F. and Carli, A. 1979. Catture di Elasmobranchi nella tonnarella di Camogli (Genova) dal 1950 al 1974. Boll. Mus. Ist. Biol. Univ. Genova 47: 27-34.

Bonfil, R. 1994. Overview of world elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 341. FAO, Rome.

Buencuerpo, V., Rios, S. and Moron, J. 1998. Pelagic sharks associated with the swordfish, Xiphias gladius, fishery in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean and the Strait of Gibraltar. Fishery Bulletin 96: 667-685.

Cailliet, G.M. and Bedford, D.W. 1983. The biology of three pelagic sharks from California waters, and their emerging fisheries: a review. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Reports.

Cailliet, G.M., Martin, L.K. Harvey, J.T., Kusher, D. and Welden, B.A. 1983. Preliminary studies on the age and growth of blue (Prionace glauca), common thresher (Alopias vulpinus), and shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) sharks from California waters. In: E.D. Prince and M. Pulos (eds), Proceedings, international workshop on age determination of oceanic pelagic fishes-tunas, billfishes, sharks, pp. 179-188.

California Department of Fish and Game. 1999. Ocean sport fishing regulations concerning mako shark. In: State of California Department of Fish and Game (eds), Shark Tagging News. California Department of Fish and Game, Long Beach, California, Natural Resources Agency.

California Department of Fish and Game. 2003. Commercial fishing regulations: Marine Mammal Protection Act section 118.

Campana, S.E., Marks, L. and Joyce, W. 2005. The biology and fishery of shortfin mako sharks (Isurus oxyrhinchus) in Atlantic Canadian waters. Fisheries Research 73: 341-352.

Campana, S.E., Natanson, L.J., and Myklevoll, S. 2002. Bomb dating and age determination of large pelagic sharks. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 59:: 450-455.

Carey, F.G. and Teal, J.M. 1969. Mako and porbeagle: warm bodied sharks. Comparative Biochemical Physiology 28: 199-204.

Carey, F.G., Teal, J.M. and Kanwisher, J.W. 1981. The visceral temperature of mackerel sharks (Lamnidae). Physiological Zoology 54: 334-344.

Casey, J.G. and Hoey,J.J. 1985. Estimated catches of large sharks by US recreational fishermen in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Shark catches from selected fisheries off the US East Coast. NOAA Technical Paper NMFS SSRF. NOAA.

Casey, J.G. and Kohler, N.E. 1992. Tagging studies on the shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the western North Atlantic. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43: 45-60.

Castro, J., De La Serna, J.M., Macias, D. and Mejuto, J. 2000. Preliminary scientific estimates of by-catch landings by the Spanish surface longline fleet in 1997 and 1998. Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT/Recl. Doc. Sci. CICTA/Colecc.Doc. Cient. CICAA.

Castro, J.I., Woodley, C.M. and Brudek, R.L. 1999. A preliminary evaluation of the status of shark species. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 380. FAO, Rome.

Cliff, G., Dudley, S.F.J. and Davis, B. 1990. Sharks caught in the protective gillnets of Natal, South Africa. 3. The shortfin mako shark Isurus oxyrinchus (Rafinesque). South African Journal of Marine Science 9: 115-126.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. Sharks of the World: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V. 2001. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, Mackerel and Carpet Sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V. 2002. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Vol. 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO, Rome.

Cortes, E. 2002. Incorporating uncertainty into demographic modeling: application to shark populations and their conservation. Conservation Biology 16: 1048-1062.

Cortés, E., Brown, C. and Beerkircher, L.R. 2007. Relative abundance and average size trends of pelagic sharks in the northwest Atlantic ocean, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Gulf and Caribbean Research 19(2): 37-52.

Costa, F.E.S. 1995. Analise de la pesca e aspectos da biología do anikim Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1809, capturado nas regioes sudeste e sul do Brasil (Elasmobranchii ? Lamnidae). Dissertasao de Mestrado. Universidade Estadual Paulista.

Cramer, J. 1996. Large pelagic logbook indices for sharks. Sharks stock Assessment Workshop. NOAA/NMFS/SEFSC, Miami.

Crooke, S. 2001. Highly migratory species: Overview. In: W.S. Leet, C.M. Dewees, R. Klingbeil, and E.J. Larson (eds), California?s Living Marine Resources: A Status Report, pp. 315-316. The Resources Agency, California Department of Fish and Game.

De la Serna, J.M., Valeiras, J., Ortiz, J.M. and Macias D. 2002. Large Pelagic sharks as by-catch in the Mediterranean Swordfish Longline Fishery: some biological aspects. NAFO SCR Doc.02/137 Serial No. N4759.

de Young, C. 2006. Review of the state of world marine capture fisheries management: Indian Ocean. FAO, Rome.

Domingo, A. 2000. Los Elasmobranquios Pelágicos Capturados por la flota de longline Uruguaya. In: M. Rey (ed.), Consideraciones Sobre la Pesca Incidental Producida por la Actividad de la Flota Atunera Dirigida a Grandes Pelágicos. ?Plan De Investigación Pesquera?. Inape ? Pnud Uru/92/003.

Domingo, A., Forselledo, R., Miller, P. and Passadore, C. 2008. Plan de Acción Nacional para la Conservación de Condrictios en las Pesquerías Uruguayas (PAN - Condrictios Uruguay). Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Fischer, W., Schneider, M. and Bauchot, M.L. 1987. Vertebres, Mediterranee et Mer Noire. FAO ECEE, Rome:.

Francis, M.P. And Duffy, C. 2005. Length at maturity in three pelagic sharks (Lamna nasus, Isurus oxyrinchus, and Prionace glauca) from New Zealand. Fishery Bulletin 103: 489-500.

Garibaldi, F., Orsi Relini L. 2000.. Abbondanza estiva, struttura di taglia e nicchia alimentare della verdesca, Prionace glauca, nel santuario pelagico del mar Ligure. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 7((1):): 324-333.

Hanan, D.A., Holts, D.B. and Coan Jr., A.L. 1993.. The California drift gill net fishery for sharks and swordfish, 1981-82 through 1990-91. Fish Bulletin 175:: 94 p.

Hazin, F., Hazin, H., Carvalho, F., Wor, C. and Travassos, P. In press. Standardization of CPUE series of Prionace glauca and Isurus oxyrinchus caught by Brazilian longliners in the Western South Atlantic Ocean, from 1978 to 2006. Data Preparatory Meeting of the ICCAT Shark Species Group. Punta del Este, Uruguay.

Heist, E.J.; Musick, J.A.; Graves, J.E. 1996.. Genetic population structure of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) inferred from restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 53:: 583-588.

Herrera, M., Zarate, P. and Gaibor, N. In press. Tiburones en las Pesquerias del Ecuador. Instituto Nacional de Pesca.

Holts, D.B. 1988. Review of U.S. west coast commercial shark fisheries. Marine Fisheries Review 50(1): 1-8.

Holts, D.B. and Bedford, D. 1989. Report of the assessment methods workshop for sharks. National Marine Fisheries Service.

Holts, D.B. and Bedford, D.W. 1993.. Horizontal and vertical movements of the shortfin mako shark, Isurus oxyrinchus, in the Southern California Bight. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 44:: 901-909.

Holts, D.B. and Kohin, S. 2003. Pop-up archival tagging of shortfin mako sharks, Isurus oxyrinchus, in the Southern California Bight. Anstract. American Fisheries Society, Western Division meetings. American Fisheries Society, San Diego, California.

Holts, D. B., Julian, A., Sosa-Nishizaki, O., and Bartoo, N.W. 1998.. Pelagic shark fisheries along the west coast of the United States and Baja California, Mexico. Fisheries Research 39:: 115-125.

Holts et al. 2004. Trends in CPUE from surveys.

Hurley, P.C.F. 1998.. A review of the fishery for pelagic sharks in Atlantic Canada. Special issue science and management of shark fisheries. In: Hueter, R.E. (ed). Proceedings of an international symposium held at the 125th annual meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Ta. Fisheries Research 39:: 115?125.

ICCAT. 2005. Report of the 2004 Inter-sessional meeting of the ICCAT Subcommittee on bycatches: shark stock assessment. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT.

ICES-WGEF. 2006. Report of the ICES Working Group on Elasmobranch Fishes (WGEF). ICES-CM 2006/ACFM:31. ICES-CM.

INP. 1999. Tiburones del Pacifico Mexicano, Pesqueria Artisanal. Sustentabilidad y Pesca Responsible en Mexico, Evaluacion y Manejo. INP/SEMARNAP.

INP. 2000. Sustentabilidad y Pesca Responsable en Mexico, Evaluacion y Manejo, 1999-2000. INP/SEMARNAP, Mexico.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).

Jardas, I. 1996.. Jadranska ihtiofauna. ?kolska knjiga,, Zagreb.

Joyce, W.N. 1999. Management of shark fisheries in Atlantic Canada. In: In: R. Shotton, ed. (ed.), Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO, Rome.

Kabasakal, H. 2002. Elasmobranch species of the Seas of Turkey. Annales, Ser. Hist. Nat. 12(1): 15-22.

Klimley, A.P., Beavers, S.C., Curtis, T.H. and Jorgensen, S.J. 2002. Movements and swimming behavior of three species of sharks in La Jolla Canyon, California. Environmental Biology of Fishes 63: 117-135.

Kosic, B. 1903.. Ribe dubrova?ke, Jazu,, Zagreb.

Megalofonou, P., Damalas, D., Yannopoulos, C., De Metri, G., Deforio, M., De La Serna, J.M. and Macias, D. 2000. By catches and discards of sharks in the large pelagic fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. Comm. Of the European Communities.

Megalofonou, P., Yannopoulos, C., Damalas, D., De Metrio, G., Deflorio, M., de la Serna, J.M. and Macias D. 2005. Incidental catch and estimated discards of pelagic sharks from the swordfish and tuna fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. Fisheries Bulletin 103(4): 620-634.

Mejuto, J., Garcia-Cortes, B and De La Serna, J.M. 2002. Preliminary scientific estimations of by-catches landed by the spanish surface longline fleet in 1999 in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap., ICCAT 54(4): 1150-1163.

Mejuto, J., García-Cortés, B. and Ramos-Cartelle, A. 2006. An overview of research activities on Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) and the by-catch species, caught by the Spanish longline fleet in the Indian Ocean. IOTC 2006-WPB-11.

Mejuto J., García-Cortés B., de la Serna J. M. and Ramos-Cartelle, A. 2005. Scientific estimations of bycatch landed by the Spanish surface longline fleet targeting swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the Atlantic Ocean: 2000?2004 Period. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap., ICCAT 59(3): 1014-1024.

Mejuto, J., García-Cortés, B., Ramos-Cartelle, A. and Ariz, J. 2007. Preliminary Overall Estimations of Bycatch Landed by the Spanish Surface Longline Fleet Targeting Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the Pacific Ocean and Interaction with Marine Turtles and Sea Birds: years 1990-2005. Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Working Group on Bycatch, 6th Meeting BYC-6-INF A. La Jolla, California, USA.

Mendizabal-Oriza, D., Velez-Marin, R., Marquez-Farias, J. F., Milišić, N. 1994.. Sva riba Jadranskog mora, Niva,, Split.

Ministry of Fisheries Science Group. 2006. Report from the Fishery Assessment Plenary, May 2006: stock assessments and yield estimates. held in NIWA library, Wellington.

Mollet, H.F. and Cailliet, G.M. 2002. Comparative population demography of elasmobranchs using life history tables, Leslie matrices and stage-based matrix models. Marine and Freshwater Research 53(8): 503-516.

Mollet, H.F., Cliff, G., Pratt, H.L., Jr. and Stevens, J.D. 2000. Reproductive biology of the female shortfin mako Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810, with comments on the embryonic development of lamnoids. Fishery Bulletin 98(2): 299-318.

Mourato, B.L., Amorim, A.F. and Arfelli, C.A. In press. Standardized catch rate of shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) and bigeye thresher (Alopias superciliosus) caught by Sao Paulo longliners off southern Brazil. Data Preparatory Meeting of the ICCAT Shark Species Group. 25-29 June, 2007, Punta del Este, Uruguay.

Muñoz-Chàpuli, R., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Seret, B. and Stehmann, M. 1994. The status of the elasmobranch fisheries in Europe. Report of the Northeast Atlantic subgroup of the IUCN/SSC Shark Specialist Group, 23pp. Annex 2. In: R.C. Earll and S.L. Fowler (eds), Tag and Release Schemes and Shark and Ray Management Plans: Proceedings of the Second European Shark and Ray Workshop. London, UK.

Nakano, H. 1993. A review of the Japanese fishery and research on sharks in the Atlantic Ocean. ICCAT Collective Volume of Scientific Papers. ICCAT.

Natanson , L.J., Kohler, N.E., Ardizzone, D., Cailliet, G.M., Wintner, S.P. and Mollet, H.F. 2006. Validated age and growth estimates for the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus, in the North Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Biology of Fishes 77: 367-383.

NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1993. Fishery management plan for sharks of the Atlantic Ocean. Technical report, NOAA/NMFS. U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Oceans Program, Islip, New York.

O?Brian, J.W. and Sunada, J.S. 1994. A review of the southern California experimental drift longline fishery for sharks, 1988?1991. CalCOFI (Calif Coop Ocean Fish Investig) Rep..

?oljan T. 1948.. Ribe Jadrana, Fauna i flora Jadrana, 1, IOR, Split:.

Orsi Relini, L. and Garialdi, F. 2002. Pups of Lamnid sharks from the Ligurian Sea: morphological and biometrical characteristics of taxonomic value. In: M. Vacchi, G. La Mesa, F. Serena and B. Seret (eds), Proceedings of the 4th Elasmobranch Association Meeting 199. Livorno, Italy.

PFMC. (Pacific Fishery Management Council). 2003. Draft Highly Migratory Species (HMS) Fishery Management Plan (FMP).

Pons, M. and Domingo, A. In press. Standardized CPUE of mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) caught by Uruguayan pelagic longline fleet (1981-2006). Data Preparatory Meeting of the ICCAT Shark Species Group. 25-29 June, 2007, Punta del Este, Uruguay.

Pratt, H.L. and Casey, J.G. 1983. Age and growth of the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus. In: In: Prince, E.D. and Pulos, L.M. (eds). (eds), Proceedings of the international workshop on age determination of oceanic pelagic fishes: Tunas, billfishes, and sharks NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 8: 175-177.

Ribot-Carballal, M.C., Galvan Magaña, F. and Quiñonez Velazquez. 2005. Age and growth of the shortfin mako shark Isurus oxyrinchus from the western coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Fisheries Research 76: 14-21.

Schrey, A.; Heist, E. 2003. Microsatellite analysis of population structure in the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 60: 670-675.

Sepulveda, C.A., Kohin, S., Chan, C., Vetter, R. and Graham, J.B. 2004. Movement patterns, depth preferences, and stomach temperatures of free-swimming juvenile mako sharks, Isurus oxyrinchus, in the Southern California Bight. Marine Biology 145(1): 191-199.

Serena, F. and Vacchi, M. 1997. Attivita di studio sui grandi pesci cartilaginei dell?alto Tirreneo e Mar Ligure nell?ambito del programma L.E.M. (Large elasmobranchs monitoring). Quad. Civ. Staz. Idrobiol. 22(3): 17-21.

Simpfendorfer, C.A., Hueter, R.E., Bergman, U. and Conett, S.M.H. 2002. Results of a fishery-independent survey for pelagic sharks in the western North Atlantic, 1977-1994. Fisheries Research 55: 175-192.

Smith, S.E., Au, D.W. and Show, C. 1998. Intrinsic rebound potentials of 26 species of Pacific sharks. Marine and Freshwater Research 49(7): 663-678.

Soldo, A. and Jardas, I. 2002. Large sharks in the Eastern Adriatic. In: M. Vacchi, G. La Mesa, F. Serena and B. Seret (eds), Proceedings of the 4th Elasmobranch Association Meeting, pp. 141-155. Livorno, Italy.

Soriano-Velasquez, S. R. 2000.. Tiburones Oceanicos del Pacifico..

Stevens, J.D. 1983. Observations on reproduction in the shortfin mako Isurus oxyrinchus. Copeia 1983(1): 126-130.

Stevens, J.D. 1984. Biological observations on sharks caught by sports fishermen off New South Wales. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 35: 573-590.

Stevens, J.D. and Wayte, S.E. 1999. A review of Australia?s pelagic shark resources.

Stillwell, C.E. and Kohler, N.E. 1982. Food, feeding habits, and daily ration of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the Northwest Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 39: 407-414.

Strasburg, D.W. 1958. Distribution, abundance, and habits of pelagic sharks in the Central Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Bulletin 58: 335-361.

Taylor, V.B. and Holts, D.B. 2001.. Shortfin Mako Shark. In: In: Leet, W.S, Dewees, C.M., Klingbeil, R., and Larson, E.J. (Eds.). (eds), California?s Living Marine Resources: A Status Report,, pp. Pages 336-337.. The Resources Agency, California Department of Fish and Game.

Tortonese, E. 1956. Fauna d?Italia: Leptocardia, Ciclostomata, Selachii. Calderini, Bologna.

Tudela, S., Kai Kai, A., Maynou, F., El Andalossi, M. and Guglielmi, P. 2005. Driftnet fishing and biodiversity conservation: the case study of the large-scale Moroccan driftnet fleet operating in the Alboran Sea (SW Mediterranean). Biological Conservation 121: 65-78.

Uozumi, Y. and Nakano, H. 1996. A historical review of Japanese longline fishery and billfish catches in the Atlantic Ocean. Report of the second ICCAT Billfish workshop. Collective volume of scientific papers. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, Madrid, Miami, Florida, USA.

Vacchi, M., Biagi, V., Pajetta, R., Fiordiponti, R., Serena, F. and Notabartolo Di Sciara, G. 2002. Elasmobranch catches by tuna trap of Baratti (Northern Tyrrhenian Sea) from 1898 to 1922. Proceedings of the 4th Elasmobranch Association Meeting: 177-183. Livorno, Italy.

Vannuccini, S. 1999. Shark utilization, marketing and trade. FAO, Rome.

White, W.T., Last, P.R., Stevens, J.D., Yearsley, G.K., Fahmi and Dharmadi. 2006. Economically Important Sharks and Rays of Indonesia. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia.

Yatsu, A. 1995. Zoogeography of the epipelagic fishes in the South Pacific Ocean and the Pacific sector of the Subantarctic, with special reference to the ecological role of slender tuna, Allothunnus fallai. Bulletin of the National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries 32: 145.


Citation: Cailliet, G.M., Cavanagh, R.D., Kulka, D.W., Stevens, J.D., Soldo, A., Clo, S., Macias, D., Baum, J., Kohin, S., Duarte, A., Holtzhausen, J.A., Acuña, E., Amorim, A. & Domingo, A. 2009. Isurus oxyrinchus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 August 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided