Aitken, K. 1991. Australia?s grey nurse. Sportdiving in Australia and the South Pacific 27: 20?24.
Bass, A.J., D?Aubrey, J.D. and Kistnasamy, N. 1975. Sharks of the east coast of southern Africa IV. The families Odontaspididae, Scapanorhychidae, Isuridae, Cetorhinidae, Alopiidae, Orectolobidae and Rhiniodontidae. South African Association for Marine Biological Research. Oceanographic Research Institute. Investigational Reports.
Branstetter, S. and Musick, J.A. 1994. Age and growth estimates for the sand tiger shark in the Northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 242?254.
Byron, T. 1985. SCUBA Divers Guide to Northern New South Wales. Aqua Sports Publications, Sydney, Australia.
Cliff, G. and Dudley, S.F.J. 1992. Protection against shark attack in South Africa, 1952 to 1990. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43(1): 263? 272.
Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species to date. Part I (Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes). FAO Fisheries Synopsis, FAO, Rome.
Coppleson, V.M. 1958. Shark Attack. Angus and Robertson, Sydney, Australia.
Cropp, B. 1964. Shark Hunters. Rigby, Adelaide, Australia.
Dudley, S.F.J. and Cliff, G. 1993. Trends in catch rates of large sharks in the Natal meshing program. In: J. Pepperell, J. West and P. Wood (eds), Shark Conservation. Proceedings of an International Workshop on the Conservation of Elasmobranchs held at Taronga Zoo, Sydney, Australia, February 24, 1991, pp. 59?70.
Fowler, S.L., Cavanagh, R.D., Camhi, M., Burgess, G.H., Cailliet, G.M., Fordham, S.V., Simpfendorfer, C.A. and Musick, J.A. (comps and eds). 2005. Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras: The Status of the Chondrichthyan Fishes. Status Survey. pp. x + 461. IUCN/SSC Shark Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Gelsleichter, J., Musick, J.A. and Nichols, S. 1999. Food habits of the smooth dogfish, Mustelus canis, dusky shark, Carcharinus obscurus, Atlantic sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon terraenovae, and the sand tiger, Carcharias taurus, from the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Biology of Fishes 54: 205?217.
Gilmore, R.G. 1993. Reproductive biology of lamnoid sharks. Environmental Biology of Fishes 38: 95?114.
Gilmore, R.G., Dodrill, J.W. and Linley, P.A. 1983. Reproduction and embryonic development of the sand tiger shark, Odontaspis taurus (Rafinesque). Fishery Bulletin 81(2): 201?225.
Govender, A., Kistnasamy, N. and Van Der Elst, R.P. 1991. Growth of spotted raggedtooth sharks Carcharias taurus (Rafinesque) in captivity. South African Journal of Marine Science 11: 15?19.
Grant, E.M. 1982. Guide to fishes. Department of Harbors and Marine, Brisbane, Australia.
Hutchins, B. and Swainston, R. 1986. Sea fishes of southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Swainston, Perth, Australia.
Hutchins, B. and Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia.
Musick, J. A., Branstetter, S. and Colvocoresses, J.A. 1993. Trends in shark abundance from 1974 to 1991 for the Chesapeake Bight region of the US Mid-Atlantic coast. Conservation Biology of Elasmobranchs. NOAA Technical Report NMFS.
Paterson, R.A. 1986. Shark prevention measures working well. Australian Fisheries March 1986: 12?18.
Pepperell, J. 1992. Trends in the distribution, species composition and size of sharks caught by gamefish anglers off south-eastern Australia, 1961?1990. In: J. Pepperell (ed.), Sharks: Biology and Fisheries. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, pp. 213?225. CSIRO Publications, Melbourne, Australia.
Pollard, D.A., Lincoln Smith, M.P. and Smith, A.K. 1996. The biology and conservation states of the grey nurse shark (Carcharias taurus Rafinesque 1810) in New South Wales, Australia. Aquatic Conservation. Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 6: 1?20.
Reid, D.D. and Krough, M. 1992. Assessment of catches from protective shark meshing off New South Wales beaches between 1950 and 1990. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43: 283?296.
Roughley, T.C. 1955. Fish and Fisheries of Australia. Angus and Robertson, Sydney, Australia.
Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. and Southcott, R.V. 1974. The marine and freshwater fishes of South Australia. Government Printer, Adelaide, Australia.
Silvester, B. 1977. The day of the nurse. Skindiving in Australia and New Zealand 7(3): 20?21.
Smith, M.F.L. 1992. Capture and transportation of elasmobranchs, with emphasis on the grey nurse shark (Carcharias taurus). Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43: 325?343.
|Citation:||Pollard, D. & Smith, A. 2009. Carcharias taurus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 June 2013.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided|