Fowler, C. W. 1985. Status review: Northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) of the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. National Marine Mammal Lab., Northwest and Alaska Fish. Cent., Natl. Mar. Fish. Ser., NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA.
Fowler, C. W. 1987. Marine debris and northern fur seals: a case study. Marine Pollution Bulletin 18(6): 326-335.
Fowler, C. W. In press. Northern fur seals of Pribilof Islands. The Northern Fur Seal. Species of the U.S.S.R. and contiguous Countries, U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences, Nauka, Moscow.
Gentry, R. L. 1998. Behavior and ecology of the northern fur seal. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
Gentry, R. L. 2002. Northern fur seal Callorhinus ursinus. In: W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig, J. and G. M. Thewissen (eds), Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, pp. 813-817. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.
Kajimura, H. 1985. Opportunistic feeding by the Northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus). In: J. R. Beddington, R. J. H. Beverton and D. M. Lavigne (eds), Marine Mammals and Fisheries, pp. 200-318. George Allen & Unwin Limited, London, UK.
Kurle, C. M. and Worthy, G. A. J. 2001. Stable isotope assessment of temporal and geographic differences in feeding ecology of northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) and their prey. Oecologia 126: 254-265.
Lander, R. H. 1980. Summary of Northern fur seal data and collection procedures. Land data of the United States and Soviet Union (excluding tag recovery records), pp. 315. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAATechnical Memorandum NMFFS T/NWC- 3.
Lestenkof, A. and Zavadil, P. 2007. 2007 Subsistence Fur Seal Harvest on St. Paul Island. National Marine Fisheries Service.
Mace, G. M. and Balmford, A. 2000. Patterns and processes in contemporary mammalian extinction. In: A. Entwhistle and N. Dunstone (eds), Priorities for the Conservation of Mammalian Biodiversity, pp. 27-52. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Malavansky, A. 2007. The subsistence harvest of northern fur seals on St. George Island 2007. National Marine Fisheries Service.
National Marine Fisheries Service. 1993. Final Conservation Plan for the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus). National Marine Mammal Laboratory/Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Office of Protected Resources/National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA, USA and Silver Spring, MD, USA.
Royal Commission on Seals and the Sealing Industry in Canada. 1986. Seals and Sealing in Canada. Report of the Royal Commission.
Towell, R. G., Ream, R. R. and York, A. E. 2006. Decline in northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) pup production on the Pribilof Islands. Marine Mammal Science 22(2): 486-491.
U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, NMFS, Protected Resources Division, Alaska Region. 2007. Conservation Plan for the Eastern Pacific Stock of Northern Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus). U.S. Deptartment of Commerce, NOAA, NMFS, Protected Resources Division, Alaska Region.
Vladimirov, V. A. 1980. Quantitative assessment of fur seal food consumption in the North Western Pacific. Ryboe Khoziastvo 3: 27-29.
Vladimirov, V. A. 1991. Contemporary status of the fur seal populations in the U.S.S.R. and problems of their exploitation. Scientific Research on marine mammals of the northern Pacific, 1990, pp. 130-164. VNIRO, Moscow, Russia.
York, A. E. 1983. Average age at first reproduction of the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 40: 121-127.
York, A. E. 1987. Northern fur seal, (Callorhinus ursinus), eastern Pacific population (Pribilof Islands, Alaska and San Miguel Island, California). In: J. P. Croxall and R. L. Gentry (eds), Status, biology, and ecology of fur seals, pp. 9-21. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 51.
|Citation:||Gelatt, T. & Lowry, L. (IUCN SSC Pinniped Specialist Group) 2008. Callorhinus ursinus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 06 December 2013.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided|