Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Malvales Sterculiaceae

Scientific Name: Firmiana major
Species Authority: (W. Smith) Hand.-Mazz.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct in the Wild ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Sun, W.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Rare (R)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The only remaining trees are those which have been planted around temples and villages. Wild populations were once believed to have existed in central and western Yunnan.
Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
China (Yunnan)
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Between 1,700 to 2,500 m.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The forests here have been replaced by crops.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species remains in cultivation, frequently planted as an ornamental tree.

Classifications [top]

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

Bibliography [top]

Li-kuo, F. and Jian-ming, J. 1992. China Plant Red Data Book – Rare and Endangered Plants 1. Science Press, Beijing.

National Environment Protection Bureau. 1987. The list of rare and endangered plants protected in China. Botanical Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academy Press, Beijing.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Sun, W. 1997. Completed data collection forms for trees of Yunnan.

Citation: Sun, W. 1998. Firmiana major. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T32349A9700122. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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