Abies fraseri


Bibliography [top]

Beck, D.E. 1991. Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. – Fraser Fir. In: R.M. Burns. and B.H. Honkala (eds), Silvics of North America. Vol. 1. Conifers. USDA Forest Service Agric. Handb. 654. , pp. 47-51. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC.

DeSelm, H. R. and Boner, R.R. 1984. Understory changes in spruce-fir during the first 16-20 years following the death of fir. In: P.S. White (ed.), Southern Appalachian spruce-fir ecosystem: its biology and threats. Research/Resources Management Report SER-71. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Southeast Region, Atlanta, GA.

Farjon, A. et al. 1998. Data collection forms for conifer species completed by the IUCN/SSC Conifer Specialist Group between 1996 and 1998.

Farjon, A., Page, C.N. and Schellevis, N. 1993. A preliminary world list of threatened conifer taxa. Biodiversity and Conservation 2: 304-326.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Moore, P.T., Van Miegreot, H. and Nicholas, N.S. 2008. Examination of forest recovery scenarios in a southern Appalachian Picea – Abies forest. Forestry 81(2): 183-194.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Abies fraseri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.
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