Map_thumbnail_large_font

Bradypus variegatus

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Bibliography [top]

Acevedo, J.F. and Sanchez, D.P. 2007. Abundancia y preferencia de hábitat de Bradypus variegatus y Choloepus hoffmanni, durante la época seca en Arboletes, Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia.

Anderson, R.P. and Handley Jr., C.O. 2001. A new species of three-toed sloth (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from Panama, with a review of the genus Bradypus. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 114: 1-33.

Anderson, R.P. and Handley Jr., C.O. 2002. Dwarfism in insular sloths: biogeography, selection, and evolutionary rate. Evolution 56: 1045–1058.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bezerra, B.M., Souto, A.S., Halsey, L.G. and Schiel, N. 2008. Observation of brown-throated three-toed sloths: mating behaviour and the simultaneous nurturing of two young. Journal of Ethology 26: 175-178.

Cabrera, A. 1958. Catalogo de los mamiferos de America del Sur. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturelles ‘‘Bernardino Rivadavia’’ 4: 1-732.

Cáceres, N. C. 2004. Occurrence of Conepatus chinga (Molina) (Mammalia, Carnivora, Mustelidae) and other terrestrial mammals in the Serra do Mar, Paraná, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21(3): 577–579.

Carvajal-Nieto, P., Giraldo, A. and Plese, T. 2013. Densidad poblacional y algunos aspectos de uso de hábitat del perezoso de tres dedos (Bradypus variegatus) en un ambiente insular del Chocó bioeográfico colombiano. Boletín Científico. Centro de Museos. Museo de Historia Natural 17(1): 101-110.

Chiarello, A.G. 2008. Sloth ecology: an overview of field studies. In: S.F. Vizcaíno and W.L. Loughry (eds), The Biology of the Xenarthra, pp. 269-280. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Eisenberg, J.F. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.

Eisenberg, J.F. and Redford, K.H. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics: The Central Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.

Emmons, L.H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.

Ferreira, F.S., Fernandes-Ferreira, H., Léo Neto, N.A., Brito, S.V. and Alves, R.R.N. 2013. The trade of medicinal animals in Brazil: current status and perspectives. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 839-870.

Gardner, A.L. 1993. Order Xenarthra. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Gardner, A.L. 2005. Order Pilosa. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Gardner, A.L. 2007. Magnorder Xenarthra. In: A.L. Gardner (ed.), Mammals of South America, pp. 127-176. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Gilmore, D., Duarte, D.F. and Peres da Costa, C. 2008. The physiology of two- and three-toed sloths. In: S.F. Vizcaíno and W. J. Loughry (eds), The biology of the Xenarthra, pp. 130-142. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Hall, E.R. 1981. The Mammals of North America. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.

Hayssen, V. 2010. Bradypus variegatus (Pilosa: Bradypodidae). Mammalian Species 42(850): 19-32.

Hirsch, A. and Chiarello, A.G. 2012. The endangered maned sloth (Bradypus torquatus) of the Brazilian Atlantic forest: a review and update of geographical distribution and habitat preference. Mammal Review 42: 35-54.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Lord, R. 2000. Wild mammals of Venezuela. Armitano Editores, C. A., Caracas, Venezuela.

Losada, T. 2007. Conocimiento local y uso sobre los perezosos por la comunidad indígena Jusy Monilla Amena, Amazonas - Colombia. Facultad de Estudios Ambientales y Rurales, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana.

Manchester, A. and Jorge, W. 2009. Biological data of a population of sloths (Bradypus variegatus) in a square of Teófilo Otoni, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Naturalia 32: 81-86.

Medri, I.M., Mourão, G.M. and Rodrigues, F.H. 2006. Ordem Xenarthra. In: Reis, N. R., Perachi, A. L., Petro, W. A. and Lima, I. P. (eds), Mamíferos do Brasil, pp. 71-99. Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina.

Mikich, S.B. and Bernils, R.S. 2004. Livro Vermelho do Fauna Ameaçada no Estado do Paraná. Instituto Ambiental do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Montgomery, G.G. and Sunquist, M.E. 1975. Impact of sloths on Neotropical forest energy flow and nutrient cycling. In: F.B. Golley and E. Medina (eds), Tropical ecological systems; trends in terrestrial and aquatic research, pp. 69-98. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Moraes-Barros, N., Giorgi, A.P., Silva, S. and Morgante, J. S. 2010. Reevaluation of the geographical distribution of Bradypus tridactylus Linnaeus, 1758 and B. variegatus Schinz, 1825. Edentata 11(1): 53-61.

Moraes-Barros, N., Miyaki, C.Y. and Morgante, J.S. 2002. Genetic diversity in different populations of sloths assessed by DNA fingerprinting. Brazilian Journal of Biology 62: 503-508.

Moraes-Barros, N., Miyaki, C.Y. and Morgante, J.S. 2007. Identifying management units in non-endangered species: the example of the sloth Bradypus variegatus Schinz, 1825. Brazilian Journal of Biology 67(4): 829-837.

Moraes-Barros, N., Silva, J.A.B., Miyaki, C.Y. and Morgante, J.S. 2006. Comparative phylogeography of the Atlantic forest endemic sloth (Bradypus torquatus ) and the widespread three-toed sloth (Bradypus variegatus) (Bradypodidae, Xenarthra). Genetica 126: 189-198.

Moreno, S. and Plese, T. 2005. Distribución actual e histórica, uso de hábitat y estimación del estado de conservación del perezoso de tres uñas (Bradypus variegatus) en el área de jurisdicción de Corantioquia. Fundación UNAU, Corantioquia, Medellín.

Moreno, S. and Plese, T. 2006. The illegal traffic in sloths and threats to their survival in Colombia. Edentata 6: 10-18.

Noss, A., Cuéllar, E., Tarifa, T., Vargas, J. and Aliaga-Rossel, E. 2010. Myrmecophagidae, Cyclopedidae, Bradypodidae y Megalonychidae. In: R.B. Wallace, H. Gómez, Z.R. Porcel and D. I. Rumiz (eds), Distribución, ecología y conservación de los mamíferos medianos y grandes de Bolivia, pp. 213-234. Centro de Ecología Difusión Simón I. Patiño, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Pacheco, V., de Macedo, H., Vivar, E., Ascorra, C.F., Arana-Cardó, R. and Solari, S. 1995. Lista anotada de los mamíferos peruanos. Occasional Papers in Conservation Biology 2: 1-35.

Queiroz, H.L. de. 1995. Preguiças e Guaribas: Os mamíferos folívoros arborícolas do Mamirauá. Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnológico e Sociedade Civil Mamirauá, Brasília e Tefé, Brazil.

Ramirez, O., Vaughan, C., Herrera, G. and Guries, R. 2011. Temporal and spatial resource use by female three-toed sloths and their young in an agricultural landscape in Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 59: 1743-1755.

Redford, K.H. and Eisenberg, J.F. 1992. Mammals of the Neotropics, The Southern Cone: Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.

Reid, F. 1997. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.

Romero, M., Cabrera, E. and Ortiz, N. 2008. Informe sobre el estado de la biodiversidad en Colombia 2006-2007. Instituto de Investigación Alexander Von Humboldt, Bogotá, Colombia.

Silva, S. 2013. Contribuições para a conservação de Bradypus variegatus (preguiça comum): processos históricos e demográficos moldando a diversidade nuclear. Universidade de São Paulo.

Taube, E., Keravec, J., Vié, J.-C. and Duplantier, J.-M. 2001. Reproductive biology and postnatal development in sloths, Bradypus and Choloepus: review with original data from the field (French Guiana) and from the captivity. Mammalian Review 31(3): 173-188.

Tirira, D. 1999. Mamiferos del Ecaudor. Museo de Zoologia, Centro de Biodiversidad y Ambiente, Pontifica Universidad Católica del Ecaudor and Sociedad para la Investigación y Monitoreo de la Biodiversidad Ecuatoriana, Quito, Ecuador.

Tirira, D.G. 2007. Guía de Campo de los Mamíferos del Ecuador. Ediciones Murciélago Blanco. Publicación especial sobre los mamíferos del Ecuador 6, Quito, Ecuador.

Ureña, H.M., Chacón, C.R., Faerrón, A.S. and Lizano, S.T. 1986. Hallazgo de Bradypus griseus y Choloepus hoffmanni (Edentata: Bradypodidae) en tierras altas de Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 34: 165-166.

Vaughan, C., Ramirez, O., Herrera, G. and Guries, R. 2007. Spatial ecology and conservation of two sloth species in a cacao landscape in Limón, Costa Rica. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 2293-2310.

Vizcaíno, S.F., Abba, A.M. and García Esponda, C.M. 2006. Magnaorden Xenarthra. In: R.M. Barquez, M.M. Díaz and R.A. Ojeda (eds), Los mamíferos de Argentina: sistemática y distribución, pp. 46-56. Sociedad Argentina para el estudio de los Mamíferos (SAREM), San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.


Citation: Moraes-Barros, N., Chiarello, A. & Plese, T. 2014. Bradypus variegatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 October 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided